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The African Bantu Migration

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Robin Allen

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of The African Bantu Migration

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli By: Robin Allen The African Bantu Migration . . . . . . . . . . The Important thing about the African Bantu migration is that the Bantu people spread their culture throughout Africa, in a way they brought the agricultural revolution with them, transforming hunter-gatherers into agricultural communities. The African Bantu Migration was an international migration because the Bantu people moved throughout many countries in Africa. The migration was forced due to environmental features such as drought. Push Factors:
The major push factor in the African Bantu Migration was overcrowding in large cities they had created, leading to famine and spread of disease. Also, the Bantu`s were being attacked by tribes from the west, driving them out of their lands. Pull Factors:
The pull factors associated with the African
Bantu Migration were the fertile soils of the
South as well as the safety from tribes attacking.
The South also provided plenty of space for them
to spread to accommodate their growing population. The Gravity Model:
The African Bantu migration follows the gravity model because the migrants did not move out of Africa, they stayed within the same continent, and did not move considerably far compared to the rest of the earth.
Intervening Obstacles:
The most significant intervening obstacle for the Bantu`s was a giant rainforest in the middle of the continent. The rain forest split the Bantu people in two trying to get around it. The Bantu people along the path of their migration ran into some native tribes and were engaged in conflict. The Bantu people had the upper hand on the tribes they came across because they were master iron workers, allowing them better weapons. The attitude towards the migrating Bantu`s was hostile, but the Bantu`s did not let this stop them. The African Bantu migration exhibits
environmental determinism, the people
were essentially controlled by the
environment they lived in. An example
of this would be the fertile land
shortage the Bantu people faced.
Since there was not enough arable
land they moved in search of more
and new land to farm. An interesting fact about the Bantu`s is that they ate
a lot of banana`s. The banana`s rescued the Bantu people from their famine. I guess you could say they were "monkeying around." The End
Sources:
http://www.nature.com/news/humans-implicated-in-africa-s-deforestation-1.10011
http://www.historyhaven.com/wiki/index.php?title=Bantu_migration
http://www.elateafrica.org/elate/history/bantumigration/bantuintro.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bantu_expansion
http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/encyclopedia/africa-human-geography/?ar_a=1
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