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katrina morrell

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of Biography

Thank you for joining us today! Welcome Exploring Biography

Katrina, Jordan and Shelby Morningstar Katrina Politicians and Leaders

These biographies are written by famous politicians and leaders of the past and present. Religious Leaders

There are young adult biographies that were written about religious leaders. They cover many religious leaders from many different religious beliefs. Scientists and Inventors

There types of biographies were written about famous scientists and inventors about their break through inventions, or people who discover new discoveries that change the way we look at things. Explorers and Adventurers

These biographies focus on the adventures, discoveries, and excitements explorers and adventures had on their discoveries. Artists and Writers

These biographies deal with famous artists and writers, and their interesting stories to fame. What is a biography?
It is the ability to “peer in at someone’s life experiences through the pages of a book”. It is a series of facts written in chronological order.
(Bucher and Hinton 2010)

“I am Morningstar, and this is a warrior’s spirit”
(Morningstar Mercredi 2006) What do teenagers think??? A biographer has to separate the fictions and truths and decide what is important and relevant, to create a narrative that represents a person’s life.

However, in young adult biographies the biographer shows all sides of a person to present them to be more of a realistic character.

Young adult literature needs to “relate to or begin to understand” by young adults. (Bucher and Hinton 2010) “She runs across the street, startled like a coyote in the oncoming headlights. Pebbles hurt her bare feet, but she doesn’t notice the pain. Buses, cars and people pass. Some of them glance at her only briefly with curiosity, while others stop for a moment and stare as a five-year-old girl in pyjamas panics past them. Their stares unnerve her. Buildings tower over her while sirens scream past and several vehicles honk their horns.” (Morningstar) History The first biographies were funeral oratories about the deceased.
These speeches evolved into books that contained biographies of noteworthy rulers and leaders. One early example from the 10th and 11th century
First printed copy was in the 15oo’s In the 18th century, biographies were recognized as a genre after Samuel Johnson wrote his Lives of the English Poet and James Boswell wrote "The Life of Johnson". Children's literature did not include quality biographies until modern day

Since 1870’s Milton Meltzer
1988 Russell Freedman Newbery Medal Diane Stanley Orbis Pictus Award Book awards began to change when the Orbis Pictus Award was established for nonfiction writing and when the Boston Globe-Horn Book Award included a nonfiction category.
2001 The Association for Library Service to Children created the ALSC/ Robert F. Sibert Information Book Award. Three Categories of Biographies:

Biographies can be categorized in a number of ways.

Ex. Historical evidence, or the amount of a person’s life covered Authentic or Pure Biographies/Fictionalized Biography/ Biographical Fiction

Authentic or Pure Biographies- These biographies are strictly based on facts. Conversations included in the text are documented information. A massive amount of research is used in this type of biography. Fictionalized Biography- Biographies using historical figures are fictionalized because there is very little or no primary source of their lives. The writer may find some documentation but create fictional conversations, thoughts or relationships. Even with this fictional information, it is based around true events and people. Biographical Fiction- These biographies use both factual events and people as well as fictional events and people. An author can use a fictional character to explore the life of a factual character. Types of Biographies

1) Biography and Autobiography

Biography- The author writes about the life of another individual Autobiography- The author is writing about themselves. Most autobiographies are considered to be fictionalized biographies because the writer is relying on memories rather than documented information. Writers can change details to suit the writer's personal perspective, including events the writer wishes had happened.

An autobiography can be a personal narrative or a memoir. 2) Partial and Complete Biographies

Partial Biography- The author focuses on one period in the subject's life. This can include the subjects' greatest accomplishments such as their childhood, sports, or someone in public office. Complete Biography- Focuses on the subjects entire life. 3) Individual and Collective Biographies

Individual Biography- Written about one person

Collective- A collection of biographies written about a number of different people. A Message from Morningstar Mercredi The horrors of a life immersed in alcoholism, childhood sexual abuse, and racism are sadly the reality faced by many native people in Canada. The courageous journey to overcome such barriers and trauma forms the background for Morningstar Mercredi’s autobiography.

With both parents having endured a horrific childhood within the residential school system imposed by a paternalistic church and state, Mercredi inherited a legacy of alcoholism and violence. Add to that parental abandonment, childhood sexual assault from within the family, and systemic racism from without, and the odds of Mercredi becoming a healthy member of society are stacked against her from the beginning. Yet, as she herself states, it was also her legacy of survival against such odds that allowed her to heal and forgive both herself and those who abused her.

In travels both literal and figurative, Mercredi uncovers her family’s painful history while searching for answers to heal her own troubled soul. Her restless spirit is both her downfall and her triumph as she seeks to face the truth of her nightmare childhood and confront her own toxic behaviour.

While written with emotion and searing honesty, the prose is often rambling and full of irrelevant information. It raises the question of how one shares such intimate and horrendous details without descending into the banal. The litany of horrors leaves the reader feeling somewhat overwhelmed, leading to a distancing effect. It is perhaps the result of a too-reverent editorial hand that leads to this lack of satisfaction with the book as a literary work.

However, Mercredi’s remains a story that needs to be told, if only to remind us once again of the historical and present-day crimes against First Nations people. And while, as Mercredi makes clear, the solutions that get us closer to justice are not simple, the telling of stories such as hers at least guarantees that the atrocities against Mercredi and her people are no longer hidden. Plot Jolene Mavis McCarty (Morningstar) struggles to find self-identity as an individual and Metis women. She was born in Uranium City, Saskatchewan, but she considered Fort Chipewyan, Alberta her home. Morningstar spent a lot of her childhood in Fort Chipewyan; she lived with her grandparents when her mother was unable to care for her. During her time in Fort Chipewyan, they lived a very poor life style, with a tent as a house. This did not matter to Morningstar as she felt safe and secure.
Morningstar jumped from caregiver to caregiver. She had broken relationships with every member of the family, and she is physically and sexually abused throughout her childhood and adolescent life. She struggles with substance abuse from the result of the brutality she was exposed to, and she has a child at a young age of eighteen. Now she has to not only watch out for herself but her child as well. Characters With this novel reflecting Morningstar's life their are many different people that she has encountered. Setting The story has many setting as it follows Morningstar's life. She moves from place to place, living in areas such as: Theme Searching for one’s self -identity through overcoming obstacles. Point of View With Morningstar being the main character and since the story is told through her words the point of view is first Person. Throughout the book, she creates short poems to express her feelings.

“I lie on the table in pain, floating over my body. The doctor is disgusted and annoyed as he reaches for a scalpel. An obese nurse nods. He takes the scalpel and slices my flesh open a few centimeters beneath my belly button, haphazardly cutting my skin deeply to my panty line. A young nurse looks up at him with shock but seems afraid to say anything while the senior nurse coldly watches over.” (Morningstar p.86) Style of Writing This is a diary-style type of writing. There is barely any dialogue throughout the book. Morningstar writes the memoir with a serious tone reflecting her traumatic experiences. It gives readers a first person understanding of Morningstar’s story. It makes readers uncomfortable but not so much that it makes the readers stop reading.

“To the ones who are strong enough to dance with and slay their demons, to the ones who are slain by their demons, and to the ones carried away by their demons to live in the hell they have created for themselves, aimlessly lost in shame and cycles. To those whose eyes have been gouged from their heads and whose tongues have been cut so the truth cannot be spoken and reality unseen. We, the Warriors, will tell our truth and own it. So don’t cry little sisters, and if you do, it’s not in vain. We, the Warriors, hear your cries, because we have listened to our own, and have given them a voice.” (Morningstar p.182) Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans Athletes

Many students are involved in athletics. These types of biographies gives the readers a chance to learn about their favorite athlete and their achievements, and hardships. Entertainers and Musicians

Most of these biographies are not always truthful. These stories are often fictionalized to gain publicity, however these types of biographies tend to appeal to most students. Uncommon Individuals
These biographies are written about an seemly ordinary individual, that struggles and over comes hardships, and many obstacles in his or her life Young Adults Growing Up

These stories deal young people facing challenges and hardships, during their current time period they existed. Politicians and Religiousness Leaders
Scientists and Inventors
Explorers and Adventurers
Artists and Writers
Entertainers and Musicians
Uncommon Individuals
Young Adults Growing up Categories of Biographies Reasons for Teaching Biographies
Biographies satisfy a young adult’s need to know and desire to find out more about a certain person, event, or topic. But they also personalize history by focusing on the motivation and driving forces behind personal actions. When reading biographies, young adults can see that while social constructs can be harmful to some people and helpful to others, these constructs can be challenged and changed as well. Readers can see decisions that have been made by real individuals and how the decisions were made; then the reader can realize that they too can make decisions. (Bucher and Hinton 2010) Characteristics of a well-written biography
-Be engaging
-Be authentic
-Provide an objective treatment of the subject
-Be accurate (controversial information and personal fallacies should be neither omitted nor glossed over)
-Reveal a complex individual, including human strengths as well as weaknesses
-Depict the life of the individual in ways that allow the reader to question, evaluate, and analyze the narrative to identify the pattern or meaning in the person’s life
-Avoids stereotypes based on this such as gender, culture, religious backgrounds, and ethnicity
-Treatment of subject, the theme, and the writing style should be appropriate for adolescent readers Characteristics of a well-written biography:

-Be engaging
-Be authentic
-Provide an objective treatment of the subject
-Be accurate (controversial information and personal fallacies should be neither omitted nor glossed over)
-Reveal a complex individual, including human strengths as well as weaknesses
-Depict the life of the individual in ways that allow the reader to question, evaluate, and analyze the narrative to identify the pattern or meaning in the person’s life
-Avoids stereotypes based on this such as gender, culture, religious backgrounds, and ethnicity
-Treatment of subject, the theme, and the writing style should be appropriate for adolescent readers Teaching Biographies in the Classroom:

-Researching student history/family genealogies
-Can construct their own biographies or biographies on a classmate
-Based on a biography a student has read, they can create a resume, obituary, or eulogy
-Appear as the person on an imaginary talk show
-Write a journal entry by that person
-Collage of the person
-Prepare a magazine ad on biography
-So much more! Get creative! Considerations for Selecting Young Adult Literature Biography:

-What are the author’s credentials, experience, background, and perspectives that indicate his or her competence to write about this individual?

-Is the biography authentic or fictionalized? If fictionalized, is there an explanation of the rationale for creating the fictionalized parts?

-Are the fictionalized parts identified? -Is the content up to date, complete and objective with language or dialect that reflects the subject?

-Is the book accurate?

-Does the book avoid misrepresentations of events and facts?

-Is the biography free from bias and not patronizing?

-Does it present all sides of controversial issues?

-Does it neither debunk the subject nor place him or her on a pedestal? -Is the biography relevant to young adults?
-Will the style of writing attract young adults?

-Are a bibliography of sources, endnotes or footnotes, and a list of recommended readings included?

-Are there special features such as period art work, photographs, or other illustrations; replicas of documents, letters and other artifacts; and an index? Jolene Mavis McCarty She is the main character and author of Morningstar : A warrior’s spirit . She was physically abused by her father, her mother’s boyfriend, mail friends of her mother’s life, and other men in her life. Morningstar has a child at the age of eighteen. She was in survival mode doing anything to get by. She started repeating the cycle her parents went through. At the age of twenty- one she began turning her life around. She stopped consuming substances and resorted back to traditional Aboriginal ways. She received her Spirit Name, Morningstar. Through years of therapy and spiritual quests she turned her life around and became a role model for her son. Lawrence McCarty Lawrence McCarty is Morningstar’s father. He is an alcoholic and leaves the family when Morningstar is young. Throughout her childhood Lawrence would periodically show up and be a part of her life. He would at times bring clothing and food, and even though he was abusive to Morningstar and her mother she still felt safe with him around. Jake Ann McCarty Ann is Morningstar’s mother. She was an alcoholic and drug abuser. She has seven daughters of whom she shipped off to different family members during their childhood. She is abused by her ex-husband and her boyfriend Jake. Matthew Matthew is Morningstar’s son. His spiritual name is Bear-Walker. He is also a victim from the impact of residential schools. He lives the first five years of his life with his mom in and out of the picture. Matthew spends his childhood and adolescent life being sent to life with his father for one year and then with his mom for a year. When he lived with his mother they moved from place to place, never having a stable home. Life for Matthew begins to change at the age of seven when his mother begins changing her ways. Matthew works hard and ends up going to university to fulfill his dream of mechanical engineering. He received many scholarships and awards, making his mother proud. Jake is Ann’s boyfriend. He physically abuses Ann when he is drunk and sexually abuses Morningstar. He began abusing Morningstar when she was a small child. Jake is a person who haunts Morningstar throughout her childhood and adolescence. After he dies she finally finds the strength to forgive him for his abuse. Uranium City
Prince Albert
Fort Chipewyan
Merritt Vancouver
Yellow Knife
Fort McMuray “Time is the only healer, especially when it comes to family, and time was all I had.” (Morningstar p.140)

“I then had to make a choice: Model and work part time as a consultant and live on the edge, or keep my position as a Native Liaison counsellor, which provided stability. My free-spirited nature dictated to me like the wind, so I resigned from my position and immersed myself in a work as a consultant.” (Morningstar p. 113) Curriculum Connections

Grade 9 Health

US9.7 Analyze tragic death and suicide as distressing community issues and appraise what supports and health promotions exist in the community to address these issues

US9.8 Assess the ways self, family, and community facilitate healthy living for people with chronic illness

US9.9 Develop and demonstrate the personal insight, motivation, and skills necessary to enhance and promote sexual health and avoid health-compromising sexual attitudes and behaviours Grade 9 Social Studies

IN 9.1 Explain what constitutes a society

IN 9.2 Compare the factors that shape worldviews in a society, including time and place, culture, language, religion, gender identity, socio-economic situation, and education

PA 9.3 Investigate the roles and responsibilities of members of the societies studied and those of citizens in contemporary Canada Entertainers and Musicians

Many of these biographies contain glorified lives, of current and past entertainers or musicians. Even though some of these types of biographies contain stories to gain publicity, they appeal to young adults every. Uncommon Individuals

These biographies are written about the lives of an seemingly everyday person, who battles and over comes hardships and obstacles in their lives. Young Adults Growing Up

These biographies focus on teenagers who faces everyday challenges, current to their time period. In facing these challenges these adolescents are able to find out their self identity. Resource File
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