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GCDC: Child Marriage

Final Copy

Eliisa Carter

on 14 December 2012

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Transcript of GCDC: Child Marriage

Child Marriage: An Overview The Global Classrooms- D.C. Team What Is Child Marriage? Child marriage is the practice of forcing girls under the age of 18 into marriage. Girls are often forced to marry men twice their age or older. Physical and psychological problems are common. It is a widespread human rights violation, in which 10 million girls are forced in marriage annually. Relevant Websites http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/06/child-brides/gorney-text http://www.girlup.org/ http://www.forwarduk.org.uk/key-issues/child-marriage/ Child Marriage: Causes and Effects Child Marriage and Poverty Poverty is a major factor toward the practice of child marriage. Girls can be married into affluent families or be bought into marriage. http://www.care.org/campaigns/childmarriage/index.asp Child Marriage and Education Child marriage shortens the opportunity for women to gain secondary education, Child Marriage and Psychological Effects Child marriage puts the pressure of being a mother on a girl at a very young age. With that, girls often feel abandoned. Abuse and divorce are common within these types of marriages. This leads to severe psychological effects, like depression. Child Marriage and Developmental Effects Pregnancy at a young age can lead to serious physical effects throughout the pregnancy and during birth. Where Does Child Marriage Occur? Child marriage is mostly practiced in the Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia. There are some countries in South America and Europe where child marriage is prevalent. This human rights violation is mostly practiced in countries that have a high impoverished population. The Percentage of Children Being Wed Under Age 18 because the societal expectations of raising a family. What Is Done to Prevent Child Marriage "Girls younger than 15 are five times more likely to die in childbirth than women in their 20s. Pregnancy is the leading cause of death worldwide for women ages 15 to 19." -ICRW "Girls living in poor households are almost twice as likely to marry before 18 than girls in higher income households." -ICRW (International Center for Research on Women) There are programs offered by organizations that emphasize education and the development of children and women. One program in particular, Berhane Hewan program, delays child marriage until later adolescence in Ethiopia and Sub-Saharan Africa, as it increases the rate of girls' enrollment in schools and teaches reproductive health knowledge. The International Center for Research on Women is a big contributor to trying to end the practice of child marriage, as the organization conducts studies on the consequence of child marriage. Organizations like Girls Not Brides ( girlsnotbrides.org ) and GirlUp ( girlup.org ) are designed to end child marriage and to empower girls globally, by raising awareness about the issue on local, national, and international levels. http://girlsnotbrides.org/ http://www.unicef.org/Child_Marriage_and_the_Law.pdf -ICRW childinfo.org
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