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Nationalism and Sectionalism
Transcript of Nationalism and Sectionalism
The American System
1. Establish a protective tariff, a tax on imported goods that protects a nation's businesses from foreign competition.
2. Establish a national bank
that would promote a single currency, making trade easier.
3. Improve the country's transportation system.
The Era of Good Feeling
James Monroe became the fifth President of the US.
Only one political party ruled during this time period.
People seemed to be fully unified as Americans.
The Era of Good Feeling
People began to shift loyalties from state governments to the National Government.
Two major court cases promoted the strength of the federal government.
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
Gibbons vs. Ogden (1824)
Case: States tried to tax the National Bank.
Ruling: States cannot tax the federal government.
Case: Two states had completely different trade laws.
Ruling: State to state trade could be regulated only by the federal government.
Transportation Links Cities
Federally funded roads
Erie Canal created a water route through the Great Lake region
Improvement to railroads
Sectionalism: loyalty to the interests of a region or section of a country.
The Northeast focused on manufacturing and trade.
The South relied on a plantation economy that used slavery.
The settlers in the West, wanted cheap land.
When Missouri wanted to become a state, congress argued about admitting Missouri as a free or slave state.
Missouri would tip the power in the Senate.
Henry Clay suggested that Missouri be admitted as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
The compromise also stated slavery would be banned in all new states everywhere north of 36' 30' (Missouri's Southern border) known as the
The Industrial Revolution fuels economic growth.
The American System encourages economic independence.
Supreme Court decisions strengthen the federal government.
Improvements in transportation and communication link cities and regions.
The United States expands and defines its borders.
New industry and inventions lead to reliance on manufacturing in the North, and increased dependence on cotton and slavery in the South.
Regional differences divide the nation among Northerners, Southerners, and Westerners.
Although the Missouri Compromise keeps the balance of free and slave states, the issue of slave continues to divide the nation.
Settling Boundary Issues
The United States makes treaties with Great Britain and Spain in order to fully define the nations borders.
United States got Florida and Oregon from Spain and Great Britain agreed on the boundary line between Canada and the States.
The Monroe Doctrine
The United States became afraid that European Nations would try to recolonize North and South America.
President issues a statement which became known as the Monroe Doctrine telling all European nations that the Americas were closed to colonization and any attempt to do so would be a threat to the US.
The Monroe Doctrine protected the recently independent nations of Latin America as well as promising that the United States would stay out of
Nationalism: Strong sense of loyalty to ones own nation.
The United States should be independent and not have to rely on any other nation.