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Film History

The beginning of Film
by

Kim Whitman

on 18 August 2016

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Transcript of Film History

WHERE IT ALL BEGAN.....
FILM HISTORY
PERSISTENCE OF VISION
The brain retains images cast upon the retina of the eye for approximately 1/20 to 1/5 of a second beyond their actual removal from the field of vision
.
PERSISTENCE OF VISION prevents us from seeing the dark space between the film frames by causing "flicker fusion" when the frequency with which the projection light is broken approaches 50 times per second; without this effect, our eyes would perceive the alternation of light and dark on the screen as earliest days of the movies, which became known colloquially as "flickers" or "flicks" for this very reason.
FPS-FRAMES PER SECOND
The Thaumatrope
1832-1850
The Zoetrope
Phenakistoscope
OPTICAL TOYS
12 FPS- BEGINNING OF FILM
16 FPS- SILENT MOVIES
24- WHAT WE SHOOT NOW
Time in the Dark in the Movie Theater?
The Lumiere Brothers
Melies- A Trip to the Moon
EDISON- A LIFE OF INVENTION
KINETOSCOPE
This was invented by Thomas Edison.
It was an early version of a movie camera.
It shows the idea of making motion pictures was never divorced from the idea of recording sound
Edison invented the phonograph...
Then he thought about adding
something to look at.....
Birth of the movies.....
PHONOGRAPH
“I find out what the world needs. Then I go ahead and try and invent it.”
The first motion-picture studio had been constructed by Dickson in 1893 for just over $600.
Single room 25’x 30’
Roof could be opened to let in sunlight.
It rotated on a circular track.
BLACK MARIA
KINETOSCOPE PARLOR
On April 14, 1894, Andrew Holland opened the first Parlor.
Converted a shoe store at 1155 Broadway, in New York.
Holland charged 25 cents per person.
First man to make a living from the movies.
KINETOGRAPH
50%..... with the shutter closing once per picture.
PICTURE-SHUTTER CLOSES- SHUTTER OPENS,SAME PICTURE-
SHUTTER CLOSES-SHUTTER OPENS, NEW PICTURE-
SHUTTER CLOSES-SHUTTER OPENS, SAME PICTURE-
SHUTTER CLOSES-SHUTTER OPENS, NEW PICTURE.
FLICKER

FUSION
This was invented by Thomas Edison.
It was an early version of a movie camera.
It shows the idea of making motion pictures was never divorced from the idea of recording sound.
VITASCOPE
A projector invented by Thomas Edison and Thomas Armat.
THE LUMIERE BROTHERS
Auguste and Louis Lumiere lived in Lyon, France.
They studied Edison’s invention.
They then came up with their own invention it served as a camera, projector,and film printer.
It was called the Cinematographe.
THE CINEMATOGRAPHE
It was invented by The Lumiere Brothers.
Served as a camera, projector, and film printer.
The Cinematographe was very portable. It only weighed 16 lbs.
Kinetograph
Max Wertheimer invented:
Phi Phenomenon: The phenomenon which causes us to see the individual blades of a rotating fan as a unitary
circular form or the different hues of a spinning color wheel as a single color.

ILLUSION OF MOTION

PERSISTENCE OF VISION
+
PHI PHENOMENON
Full transcript