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Transcript of Classical-Ancient Philosophy
(n.) As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain, and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality. -- Albert Einstein What is Reality? Thank you for listening! :) That's plain of a definition, eh? So, what's REALITY for you then? Is it something that depends on what one believes as real? Or is it something that depends on what others also believe as real? These are questions that we shall try to pursue as we attempt to understand the philosophical interpretations on the meaning of human nature in: Enjoy! :) Objectives Plato Aristotle At the end of our report, you, our BELOVED classmates *wink* ( ;) ) are expected to: I. Understand Plato & Aristotle's concept of reality; II. Differentiate Plato's view of the human body from his theory of the soul; III. See the link between Plato's metaphysics & his idea of the nature of human person; IV. Explain the four causes by Aristotle; V. Differentiate Aristotle and Plato's understanding of human person; VI. Understand what Plato's Allegory of the Cave meant Activity Time! :) Welcome to
Module 1 & 2:
Plato & Aristotle Synthesis :) I am Plato... Midwifery Method... a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens... ...Socrates assisted me to give birth to new ideas... Reality... ...for me is something immutable... it does not change... 2 worlds exist... ...the world of PERMANENCE & the world of TRANSITION... Change means mutation... ...In my period, there were political turmoil, instability, and uncertainty... ...the uncertainty that caused the authority's narrow conception of justice... ...the uncertainty that caused the demise of my teacher, Socrates... *sigh* :( For me... Human body is of low regard... A coffin of the soul... It traps & delimits... No one will feel free & alive... Reminder of a common fate... Should we entrust our ideals of reality to that which rots? I am hoping... That man will direct his being towards perfection... That every man will detach from the realm of senses... That man will take the route to freedom & liberation... It is POSSIBLE... If you want to experience the real... Nourish your mind... Contemplate on the world of forms... In that way, you can see through the shadows which the world of senses casts... ;) Please read my Allegory Of The Cave... I am Aristotle... My writings cover... Reality... For me... a Greek philosopher, a scientist-empiricist, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great... Many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology... For me starts on the realm of senses... It begins from exploring the actual relations and entities in this concrete world... A person can only know and understand something in the world if thinking is engaged in inductive and deductive reasoning... I believe in... :: The 4 Causes :: Material | Efficient | Formal | Final Rationality of Human Nature :) And these lead to... Now, what's reality for you then? Oops... Wait... It's Assessment Time! :) Allegory Of The Cave God bless you! :) 4 Causes in an example... We're rational! Yey! :)