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What is Psych?
Transcript of What is Psych?
the science that studies behavior and the physiological and cognitive processes that underlie it
the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems
how psychology developed
G. Stanley Hall
Psychology in the US
The Battle of the Schools Begins
importance of unconscious
controversy and influence
John B. Watson
nature vs. nurture
"give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, an my own special world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select--doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief, and yes, even beggar man and thief."
The 1950s and Beyond
opposition to psychoanalysis and behaviorism
7 organizing themes
Psychology as a field of study:
evolves in sociohistorical context
determined by multiple causes
shaped by cultural heritage
influenced jointly by heredity and the environment
People's experience of the world
is highly subjective
Sample Test Questions
1. In criticizing the structuralists' reliance on the method of of introspection, William James argued that two people could view the same stimulus quite differently. James's argument illustrates which of the textbook's unifying themes?
Psychology evloves in a sociohistorical context.
Psychology is empirical.
Heredity and environment jointly infulence behavior
Our experience of the world is highly subjective
When we say that psychology is _________________, we refer to the fact that its conclusions are based on direct observation rather than on reasoning and speculation.
True or False: According to Wilhelm Wundt, psychology's primary focus should be the scientific study of the mental processes.
The problem with introspection:
Titchener set down some rigid rules for the proper use of introspection:
The introspectionist must be able to determine when the test stimulus has been introduced and when the process of introspection is to be started.
The introspectionist must be in a state of "strained attention."
The introspectionist must be able to repear the observation several times.
The stimuli must be manipulable.
Test subjects could not use common, everyday words; words that describe the object itself were also not acceptable.
When you are told to, unwrap the Hershey's Kiss.
Place the candy on your tongue--do not bite or chew.
In your notes describe the "elemental sensations" that you experience...keeping in mind Titchener's rules for introspection.