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Fad Diets and Disorders

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marcos olvera

on 22 April 2014

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Transcript of Fad Diets and Disorders

Fad Diets and Disorders
Eating Disorders
Fad Diets

Changes in Body Composition
Adolescence covers ages from 13 to 18 years old.
teens go through physically, mentally and emotionally changes because of hormones.
The Changes may cause stress at school and in relationships.
Poor eating habits and different nutritional demands can aggravate any preexisting conditions like obesity, acne, poor mental health and more.
That's why it is important to get the proper nutrients and vitamins they need to keep their bodies healthy.
Eating Habits
changes may initiate some troublesome eating habits.
Diets may consist of fried food, refined food, fast food and junk food.
The average teen will need anywhere from 1600-2000 calories and an active teen or an athlete, could increase to 4000 calories
Though the calorie demand increases, it is wise to choose healthy, nutrient-dense foods.
What is unhealthy in this diet?
A breakfast of two toaster pastries and chocolate milk is high in sugar - about 45 grams.
snack of packaged crackers and a sports drink is high in sugar and refined grains.
lunch of two slices of pepperoni pizza, corn, milk, and ice cream is also high in fat and sugar.
candy bar and a soda is high in sugar and cookies is also high in sugar.fat.
cheeseburger, fries and a soda is high in fat and sodium.
cookies is also high in sugar.
Changes During Adolescence
Adolescents and Eating Disorders
physiological changes in adolescence, some teens may begin to feel uncomfortable about their bodies and may choose a healthy way to change their bodies like diet and exercise or may choose more unhealthy methods such as binging and purging, overeating or even starvation, this methods can also cause death.
studies show that 2 of every 100 teens develope an eating disorder, many around the ages of 13-17.
Sports and Eating Disorders
athletes can feel immense pressure to perform well and look the part, if taken to the extreme, it can result in unhealthy eating behaviors and over-exercising, which can lead to a dangerous condition called 'the athlete triad.
female athlete triad is a combination of three conditions: disordered eating, amenorrea, and osteoporosis, this can be very dangerous. After amenorrea a woman can lose bone mass and become more susceptible to injury and fractures.
Those who exercise in excess are called 'compulsive exercisers' or are said to have 'anorexia athletica,.
Dietary Guidelines recommend that teens participate in 60 minutes of exercise most days of the week but nly about 30% of American teens actually reach this goal and others far surpass it.
Signs of Over-Exercising
Rigidity about workouts; won't skip a session even if ill or injured
Appears irritable or anxious if an exercise session is missed
Seems to take little pleasure in exercise; sees it as a means to lose weight
Obsessive interest in exercise, calories burned, or weight
Makes up exercise sessions if missed or exercises more if concerned about calorie intake
Significant weight loss
Skips social activities and even responsibilities in order to exercise
short-term and long-term effects of over-exercising.
Damage to tendons, ligaments, bones and joints
Chronic fatigue or exhaustion
Destruction of muscle mass, especially if nutritional intake is inadequate
Hormonal changes, resulting in loss of periods for girls and potential for premature bone loss
Stress to the heart, especially if nutritional intake is inadequate
The Media's Influence on Weight
media plays a large role in the way young women and men view themselves.
Women portrayed in ads are well below the average size, where as the average teen weighs about 130 pounds for all girls ages 12-17.
Some may weigh more and some may weigh less, models tend to weigh on average 23% less than the average teen, which means that most female models weigh around 100 lbs.
Over-eating or Binge Eating
Binge eating is a very serious disease and some signs of it are:
Eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry
Eating much more rapidly than normal
Eating until the point of feeling uncomfortably full
Eating alone or in secret because of shame or embarrassment
Feelings of depression, disgust, or guilt after eating
A history of marked weight fluctuations
long-term consequences of over-eating/binge eating.
Type 2 diabetes
Gallbladder disease
High cholesterol
High blood pressure
Heart disease
Certain types of cancer
Joint and muscle pain
Gastrointestinal problems
Sleep apnea
How to Get Help
First acknowledge that he or she has a problem and must be ready to seek or accept help.
First step is to ask for help from family and friends and a professional.
Second, find a professional to help treat the problem.
Third, face the problem and understand these behaviors must be stopped.
Last, make a plan for long-term success.
Many times the victim must learn to build confidence and trust within themselves.
Fad Diets
Fad dietstext annotation indicator are diets that focus on eating certain foods.
examples are :
Low-carb diet
Low-fat diet
Liquid diet (using low-calorie, high-fiber shakes)
Grapefruit diet
Detox diet
Cabbage Soup diet
Macrobiotic diet
The juice diet

if people return to their normal eating habits, the weight comes back.
Nutrition for Athletes
Athletestext annotation indicator have to pay close attention to their diets, especially young athletes.
Teenage athletes may require anywhere from 2,000 to 5,000 calories per day.
All of the food groups are vital to the performance of an athlete.
proper nutrients can help athletes keep their immune systems high, recover from workouts faster, reduce the chance of injury, and perform better during activity.
Whole foods utilize all the nutrients and take longer to breakdown.
How Often Should a Teen Athlete Eat?
An athlete can benefit from increased energy levels throughout the day by eating frequently.
Six meals a day, is ideal for most athletes.
smaller meals more frequently, an athlete can meet the daily calorie requirements the body needs to perform, to keep the metabolism high, and to maintain a steady blood sugar level
these meal choices need to be healthy ones.
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