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A different history
Transcript of A different history
Sujata Bhatt talks about the effects of globalisation and colonization. People started to loose their culture. They rejected the old culture and old history. That's why, "different history".
Great Pan is not dead;
he simply emigrated
Here, the gods roam freely,
disguised as snakes or monkeys;
every tree is sacred
and it is a sin
to be rude to a book.
It is a sin to shove a book aside
with your foot,
a sin to slam books down
hard on a table,
a sin to toss one carelessly
across a room.
You must learn how to turn the pages gently
without disturbing Sarasvati,
without offending the tree
from whose wood the paper was made.
has not been the oppressor’s tongue?
truly meant to murder someone
And how does it happen
that after the torture,
after the soul has been cropped
with the long scythe swooping out
of the conqueror’s face –
the unborn grandchildren
grow to love that strange language?
*It has 2 stanzas that seem disconnected at first view but the two talk about identity.
*It have some indentations to accentuate. For example, in line 9 she does it to create the effect of the kick.
The indentations in the first stanza are bigger because it represents the countries which maintain a little more their culture.
In the second stanza it represents the countries which changed the most.
This is because the less space means the mind of the generation. They are much more narrow and less open minded.
*There is no rhyme to break all conventions of typical poems after colonization.
*He uses English, which is a language imposed after the colonization, to say that she is not apart of the new role. But she is one of the rest.
*Allusions: India, this is because India was conquered by Britain and Indian's language was turned into the oppressor one, English. India is only one example, other countries had to give up their culture. And great pan which is a God that died in Roman History. Here Sujata makes another point he didn't die he "simply emigrated". When you emigrate you move to a better place. This God move to India because it was a better place before it was conquered.
*Anaphora: a sin. To create an effect of emphasis.
*Alliteration: scythe swooping out. To emphasize.
*Metaphor: Murder someone meaning murdering the mother tongue. Scythe metaphor of cutting the language.
*Contrast: Between the "sin" and the other part. The sin is put in the same level as things that aren't so tragic.
*Sarasvati is a doble meaning of the art and trees(where paper comes from). "disturbing Sarasvati" to not disturb him and to make him happy you have to respect art and books. History is printed on paper so we have to respect our culture.
*Voice: Herself. She puts herself as an example.
*Tone: Sad because every country has lost his mother tongue. Nostalgic because the voice feels nostalgic about his real language. Dishopeful, she believes that future generation will not notice they lost their mother tongue
*Theme: Identity. The voice tries to discover his identity thought the whole poem because his mother tongue has been oppressed.
Can be compared with
*Summer farm: Because they share the topic of identity. Here he tries to look for identity since the farm was removed from his life.
*Where I come from: Identity it an important topic on the poem.
*The city planners: They both point out difference between the past and the present. An the fake present they are living in. In a different history because India speaks English but is not their real language. And in the city planners because the city is perfect structured but it doesn't contain the real perfection. The city's perfection is fake.