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Religion and Economy in Medieval Europe and Japan
Transcript of Religion and Economy in Medieval Europe and Japan
Religion and Economics both play a huge part in the development of Medieval Europe and Japan. So you can say that they go together because one of them worked to influence the other. The growth of Europe and Japan greatly reflect this because Religion and tradition was important in both areas. This is a part of their success.
Development of medieval Europe
Well here in Japan religion didn't have as much of an impact on the daily life nor the over all development of Japan. The people of Japan held on to the original Shinto religion when the new religion Buddhism had attempted to be forced upon them. But eventually they came up with the idea of Zen Buddhism which focused more on personal experience and enlightenment. The new kind of religion rose awareness in Japan, which also influenced culture and arts to grow. During the second half of the Ashikaga period, there was an increase of production and trade with China. Many people converted to Christianity to increase trade, but it soon faded as Japan when into a 200 year long isolation.
Well to put it simple there were many things that were the same and may differences between the two but he mos important part for them both was the economic and religious parts of their past that have influenced there warfare, cultures and the final outcome of the lands.
In medieval Europe, religion and economics were especially intertwined. Religion was the main cause of war during this time, including the Crusades, which was started by Pope Urban the Second. These wars were primarily over Jerusalem, the holy Land, and lasted over 200 years. They brought more power to the church and opened the pilgrimage routes, increasing trade and the use of coin currency. This led to the urbanization of medieval Europe, which drastically changed the economy and would eventually lead to five centuries of Europe's economic and cultural dominance. before these wars the church had quite a bit of wealth, and no separation policies. the church did not pay taxes and receieved 10 of the christians annual income. Peasants and Serfs would live on the land of the nobles and grow crops and goods that they would give to the noble who gave them land. with the increase of trade however, merchants and guilds started becoming more and more popular. Eventually the idea of banks and loans were formed with the new coin currency.
The Feudal system in medieval Europe changed after the crusades when trade became more important in life at that time. Europe became more urbanized and focused on trade, causing many merchants to appear. this created a whole block in social hierarchy. the middle class mostly made up of merchants and artisans, the middle class offered peasants many more opportunities and a higher chance of moving up on the pyramid
Feudalism in Europe
Feudalism in Japan
The Feudalism in japan was similar to Europe's but had a few differences like the fact that the peasants were higher in rank to the merchants because they produce while the merchants only sold, the gods that the Peasants worked hard to grow.
Comparison of Japan and Medieval Europe
There were quite a few things that was the same with the development of Japan and Europe as there were differences between them as well. A quick over view of the similarities would consist of their way of having a lord and nobles. the lower class live on the land that was given to them and they worked by producing crops and working for these nobles.Though a major difference in between them was that Japan had several Religions while Europe only had one. Another difference is the way that war affected them. For Europe war was mainly over religion and most of the time it would end up being a benefit for them. Though in Japan they fought for power and wealth which seemed to slow their growth.
The Magna Carta
This is an excerpt from the Magna Carta which is similar to the bill of rights
…Know that we, at the prompting of God and for the health of our soul and the souls of our ancestors and successors, for the glory of holy Church and the improvement of our realm, freely and out of our good will have given and granted to the archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, earls, barons and all of our realm these liberties written below to hold in our realm of England in perpetuity.
Article 1: In the first place we grant to God and confirm by this our present charter for ourselves and our heirs in perpetuity that the English Church is to be free and to have all its rights fully and its liberties entirely. We furthermore grant and give to all the freemen of our realm for ourselves and our heirs in perpetuity the liberties written below to have and to hold to them and their heirs from us and our heirs in perpetuity.
…Article 29: No freeman is to be taken or imprisoned or disseised of his free tenement or of his liberties or free customs, or outlawed or exiled or in any way ruined, nor will we go against such a man or send against him save by lawful judgement of his peers or by the law of the land. To no-one will we sell or deny of delay right or justice. — Magna Carta, 1215
These trade routs that were used were primarily used because of the crusades. The wars helped r
Trade Routs During the late Middle ages
The trade in Japan
This excerpt explains the trade in Japan, it also mentions China, Korea and other South Eastern asian places that traded with Japan. Japan was known to trade fine when there was no war or fighting present but when war would begin Japan would move into a state of isolationism.
"Trade goods from China and Korea were silk, brocades, cotton, tea, books, copper coins, and porcelain. Japanese wares were swords, folding fans, sulfur, copper and silver. Japanese priests on religious pilgrimages often went along on these journeys as well. Chinese and Korean artists, potters, and priests also made the journey to Japan.... Japanese merchants ranged far afield in southeast Asia as well. Whole communities of Japanese merchants set p shop in the Philippines, Siam, Taiwan, and the other islands."