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Scandinavian Music

Music Project 2014 March

West Wing

on 8 April 2014

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Transcript of Scandinavian Music

East Asian Music
Genre of music is over 3000 years old
Mainly encompasses Korea, China, and Japan
Instrumentation generally consisted of reed pipes, fiddles, bamboo flutes and oboes
Similar to Scandinavian Music because they are both very lyrical
Very Lyrical
In this piece, you will notice that string istruments are being used to play the melody
Scandinavian Music
Dietrich Buxtehude
Modern Scandinavian Artists
Ann-Mari Andersen
Scandinavian history stretches back into the Stone Ages, but there is little record of music.

Some of the first records were from the Viking Age. They also left little behind to prove it, as written or drawn records are slight.

Mentions of song and other musical instruments in Norse legends that have been passed down are also in recorded history.
Music Origins
The Early Ages
När som jag var på mitt adertonde år
(As I was on my eighteenth year)
Canadian Native Music
Canadian Aboriginal music is known to rely on rhythms, with extensive use of drums. Voice is also a common aspect of native songs.

Swedish traditional music mainly uses the fiddle, as well as small wind instruments such as clarinet and flute types.

The Sami people of the north Scandinavian regions feature the musical tradition of yoiks/joiks, which are chants sung a Capella.
These could be considered similar to Aboriginal songs.
Arabian Music
Has a long history of interaction with many other regional musical styles and genres
The Arabian style of music is very complex, having many different overlapping melodies
Similar to Nordic music in terms types of instrumentation (lots of string and woodwind)
Arabian Music generally has more instrumentation
South Asian
One of the oldest musical traditions in the world
Instrumentation mainly consisted of woodwinds, string instruments, and a large variety of drums
South Asian classical music is usually polyphonic, but is often monophonic
Larger variety of instrumentation in South Asian music than Scandinavian Music
Use of percussion is heavily used in both regions
Although percussion is very common in classical South Asian music, many pieces are lyrical as well
Individual Contributions
Cultural Impact on Music
Aspects of Scandinavian mythology are common in music
Scandinavian music also reflects the landscape
The rhythm of Scandinavian music comes from folk dance rhythms
Classical Scandinavian composers incorporated a lot of their country's folk music during times of patriotism
"In the Hall of the Mountain King", by Edvard Grieg

Influences of Music on Society
Impact of Music on Society
In the medieval ages, music was played at funerals, while going off to war, and to worship the gods.
In Sweden, music has become an important part of their culture. Many places hold annual spelmansstamma
The Bingsjo Spelmansstamma
Comparison to Other Music
Höglorfen - by Hedningarna
Swedish Contemporary
This song is a traditional swedish folk song.
Note the lack of instrumentation and the unusual intervals in the smooth singing.
This is another song with scandinavian origins that blends medieval Scandinavian dance music with contemporary techno and rave.
These qualities make it both suitable for a dance club and a folk radio show.

"Contemporary" traditional music of Scandinavia continues to be greatly influenced by cultures that the Scandinavian region comes into contact with, such as
The Middle East
Eastern Europe
North America

Other modern pop genres from all over the world influenced Scandinavian artists:
jazz & swing
metal & rock

Music combining traditional music and other genres from across the globe is appropriately named "world music"
A modern example of a yoik can be found in the opening song of Disney's film Frozen, called "Eatenemen Vuelie" (Earth Yoik), written by Norwegian composer Frode Fjellheim.

Note the lack of clear words, the chant-like melody and the lack of symmetry in the overall song.
Born December 1st, 1969,
Sami singer and musician ; covers a broad range of topics: from hymns to technopop.
Most notable for her song "Ándagassii", the first Sami song in 28 years entered in the Norwegian Melodi Grand Prix, reaching the finals.
Frode Fjellheim
is of Southern Sami origin, reflected in his unique compositions and arrangements
combines jazz, electronic and traditional music into 'world music'.
works in Trondheim as a freelance musician and composer
He is most notable for composing "Eatenemen Vuelie" the opening song of Frozen.
This caused him to receive praise from the Norwegian Sami President for spreading Yoik to new audiences.
Historical Scandinavian Artists
Born in 1637
Famous organist in the Baroque Era, before J.S. Bach
Employed all his life as an organist with a deep interest in vocal music
Works were often inspired by spiritual texts and poems, and expressed emotions
Alice Tegner
Born 1864
Foremost composer of Swedish children's song during early 20th century
There is evidence of a playable bone flute from the 10th century
The Scandinavian region is defined to consist of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, as well as Finland and Iceland.

The extensive history of the Scandinavian region is reflected in the great quantity of music produced by the numerous cultures of people.

Today we will explore
music origins and characteristics
some Scandinavian artists,
influences of music on culture and vice-versa
comparison of Scandinavian music with other music from around the world.
Scandinavian Instruments
Is most famous for children's song "Mors Illa Olle", about a boy who meets a bear in a forest and feeds him his blueberries.
Mors Illa Olle

The fiddle was one the most common instruments
Most folk music for dancing
A lot of Nordic instrumental music had measures of two or three beats
Traditionally, folk music was played by two people in unison, or in octaves
There tended to be simpler harmonies
Folk music was played in simpler, diatonic scales
A common form of nordic music is called the "polska"
Polska Dalarna, played on a nyckelharpa
Music Characteristics
Notice the overlapping melodies
Many different types of string and percussion instruments
Not too lyrical
This is an example of a very lyrical piece
Notice the use of woodwinds and string
This particular piece has very little percussion
The Indigenous people of Scandinavia, the Sami people, have their own native music: the Yoik/Joik. It is:
almost exclusively vocal, and chant-like
It does not have a definite beginning or end
It had many practical, non-art purposes such as calming wolves and reindeer
with few to no lyrics
chanted a cappella
Full transcript