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Ancient Greek Theatre and Storytelling
Transcript of Ancient Greek Theatre and Storytelling
Theatre in ancient Greece was a really big event. Thousands of people would attend, and prisoners were even temporarily released from jail to go. The plays usually were about the 12 Olympians, to honor them. They were always in the plays. There were three types of plays. First, tragedy. Tragedies usually had disastrous endings. Then there was comedies. They had happy endings. Finally, there was satires. These made fun of leaders, just never the gods. But you could make fun of your leaders. Satires could change peoples mind on political matters and current events.
The architecture of the theatre
What is a myth? A myth is a spoken or written story. Here I will tell you about the greek gods and goddesses. Before the Olympians, there were the titans. Uranus and Gaea married and had the 16 titans. Then the most powerful titan, Cronus, overthrew his father so he could claim the throne. He married Rhea and they had 6 children. Zeus, Hera, Demeter, Poseidon, Hades, and Hestia. Cronus ate all the children except for Zeus, because Rhea tricked him into eating a rock instead. Then Rhea sent Zeus away. Years later, Zeus grew up and returned to Mount Olympus as a fake slave. He gave Cronus a potion that would make him vomit up all Zeus's siblings. Then they all overthrew Cronus and took over. Later more gods and goddesses joined them and they became the Olympians.
Theatre was not only used for entertainment. In certain types of plays, called satires, they would poke fun at leaders and try to change change peoples minds on political matters and current events. If I had to put on a satire, I would make it about how a war vote is bad and you should vote for peace.
Music was an important part of theatre. There was always a chourus in the plays. In earlier times, the chorus was the most important part and the actors didn't speak, just moved. Later in time, both became equal.
Theatre and plays
Other uses for theatre
Shows were performed in a theatre. The theater was outdoors, with an area for an orchestra, and a semicircle stage for the actors. Then there was the theatron, which means "watching space," so guests would sit there. Later in time, a screen was added as a backdrop and a wall for actors to change behind. This was the "Skene." The theatre was also called an amphitheater, because it was built for voices to be amplified.
Masks were important in the plays. Usually made of wood and linen, they were used to stress characters and emotions. They were diferent for different types of plays.
Masks were the biggest parts of costumes, and body painting was also used. There were different parts of costumes.
There were different pieces of a costume:
Chlaina: over wear
Chlamys: short cloak
Kothurnus: short boots with laces
Himation: over wear
Thank you for watching and I hope you learned something new!