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The Song Dynasty Project

By Julie, Tenaya, Sonali, Ciara
by

Julie Lim

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of The Song Dynasty Project

The Song Dynasty Map of the Song The Tang vs the Song Social Classes Religious Beliefs Inventions Fun Facts By: Tenaya Whine, Julie Anne Lim, Sonali Dongerkery, Ciara Craig End to the Song The two parts of the Song Dynasty was the Northern Song and the Southern Song. The Northern Song was a time of great advancement, but it’s lack of a decent military defense caused the country to lose many of it’s fortunes. It's need for better leadership led to Wang An-shih. He was a brilliant man and started to improve the dynasty. However, his death caused the empire to decline Without his leadership the Song lost it’s land in the North due to the attack of the Juchens.

The Song Dynasty moved to South where they prospered, but it’s weak military once again caused this dynasty to fail when the Mongols invaded. Although the rule of the Northern and Southern Song was quite long, many of it’ survivals was because of agreements where the Song must cave in to the demands of their opponents. Despite such flaws both dynasties were considered prosperous times. *The magnetic compass was a developed idea before the Song Dynasty existed, but it was not as fully functional and useable as it was made during the Song Dynasty. They invented a method in which liquid is not necessary for the needle to function.

*The development of the gun powder gave them the ability and chance to construct new weapons for battle. However, their defense did not improve by much because of the fact that whenever they made a step to improve their military capabilities, so do their opponents. At the very top was the "gentry" who had scholar-officials in there families. Next were the "urban middle class" which consisted of merchants, shopkeepers, skilled artisans and minor officials. At the very bottom were the "urban society " which consisted of laborers, soldiers, servants and peasants. SOME RELIGIOUS BELIEFS :
Buddhism
Kaifeng Jews
Islam
Manicheism
Zoroastrianism
White cloud sect
The laughing budda *During the tang and song dynasties, China's population nearly
doubled, soaring to 100million.

*Important inventions during this time were the mechanical
clock, paper money, small rockets, and cannons.

*During the song dynasty the Chinese studied the
humans body and created charts and models of the body

*Paper money was just starting to be used in the Song Dynasty.

* High class women of the song dynasty stay at home while the husband
worked and provided for the home. Low class women had
to work and do house duties to keep their home stable.

*People from the Song Dynasty believed in having funerals but,
after the coffin and any items left behind were buried. The main religion of the song dynasty was Neo Confucianism. Neo Confucianism is a mixture of
Buddhist , Confucian, Daoism. The Mongols The Tang Dynasty The Song Dynasty Magnetic Compass Important Cities Kaifeng is a city in east-central Henan province, Central China. It
is also the capital of the song dynasty. Nearly 5 million people live
in the metropolitan area. Located along the southern bank of the
Yellow River, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the
west, Xinxiang to the northwest, Shangqiu to the east, Zhoukou to the
southeast, Xuchang to the southwest, and the province of Shandong to
the northeast. Timeline 960: Sung Dynasty founded by Zhao Kuangyin, emperor Sung Taizu. 

976 - 1068: Reigns of Sung Zhen Zong, Sung Ren Zong and Sung Ying Zong. Sung Empire flourishes.

1068 - 1076: Wang Anshi prime minister. Reforms that benefit commoners are introduced. Noble and upper classes are angered, force resignation of Wang Anshi in 1076 AD. 

1115: Jurchen from the north establish the Jin Dynasty(1115 - 1234). 

1120: Rebellion of Song Jiang, who establishes an impregnable camp at Liangshan Marsh. Subject of the popular novel Outlaws of the Marsh.

1125: Jin forces invade the Sung Empire.  Vocabulary movable type:
The system of printing and typography that uses movable components to reduce the elements of a document (usually individual letters or punctuation)

Before movable type printing evolved, people of china used a process called block printing. It was quite time consuming, and if you make a mistake it could ruin your whole writing piece, but then in the song dynasty, a man named Bi Sheng introduced movable type printing, which was little hardened pieces of clay that had carved letters or punctuation on them, and they could be re-used over again.

gentry:
people of good social positions; the class of people next below the nobility in position and birth.

the song dynasty introduced the concept of the scholar-officials who gained status through civil service exams. anyone was able to advance their status as long as they are able to pass the exams.

acupuncture:
a Chinese medical practice or procedure that treats illness or provides local anesthesia by the insertion of needles at specified sites of the body.

an ancient chines system of medicine which involves the practice of inserting needles in the skin Moveable Type Acupuncture Rulers The Song dynasty consists of 18 rulers. Most rulers of the song dynasty were sons.

The first ruler of the song dynasty was Song Taizu (Zhao Kuangyin). He trained in martial arts and joining the Zhou army and later promoted as a commander. He launched his own military and attained the thrown of the song dynasty. He also launched wars for the separatism from south china. Born:March 21, 927 AD
Died: November 14, 976 AD The last ruler of the song dynasty was Song Wei Wang (Zhao Bing). He became emperor after his brother. There is very little told about Wei Wang because he died at eight. Chancellor Lu Xiu carried him jumping into the sea after the Yuan army's invasion. They killed themselves rather than giving in to their enemies.
Born:10 May 1278
Died:19 March 1279 Resources http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/song/tech/gunpowder.htm http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/essays/cot/t3w10sungdynasty.htm http://www.bcps.org/offices/lis/models/chinahist/dynasties.html http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/tang/military.htm http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/china-history/the-song-dynasty.htm http://www.last.fm/listen/artist/%25E5%2591%25A8%25E6%259D%25B0%25E5%2580%25AB/similarartists http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/main_pop/ps/ps_china.htm http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/song/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_Dynasty http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Song/song-religion.html http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_religion_was_the_Song_Dynasty http://www.culture-4-travel.com/song-dynasty-2.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Society_of_the_Song_Dynasty http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Movable_type http://www.acos.org/articles/ancient-chinese-acupuncture/ Artifact Ceramic from Song Dynasty Primary Source 690AD-1276AD Thank You
for
Watching 1126: Jin troops capture Kaifeng(Bianjing), capital of the Northern Sung, and the two emperors Sung Wei Zong and Qin Zong, bringing the Northern Sung era to an end.

 1127: Southern Sung Dynasty established by Sung Gao Zong in Nanjing. 

1130s-40s: Patriot Yue Fei battles the Jin, inflicting crushing defeats and retaking much lost territory. However he is betrayed by the traitor Qin Hui and arrested by Emperor Gao Zong. He is subsequently executed. 

1161: First use of explosives in battle. 1206: Genghis Khan leads invasion of Jin Empire. 

1233: Sung troops, allied with the Mongols, destroy the Jin Empire. 

1240s-70s: Mongols turn on the Song after destroying the Tanguts, long war ensues. 

1260: Kubilai Khan succeeds to Mongol throne.

 1279: Despite heroic resistance, the Sung Empire is destroyed by the Mongols. Incribed on the stone is written “tian shan tsu” which can be translated into “respected in the Heavens”. The Song Dynasty had a weak military system
compared to the Tang
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