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Farewell Address by Dwight D. Eisenhower
Transcript of Farewell Address by Dwight D. Eisenhower
"Until the latest of our world conflicts, the United States had no armaments industry. American makers of plowshares could, with time and as required, make swords as well. But we can no longer risk emergency improvisation of national defense. We have been compelled to create a permanent armaments industry of vast proportions."
History: Background of Speech
"During the long lane of the history yet to be written, America knows that this world of ours, ever growing smaller, must avoid becoming a community of dreadful fear and hate, and be, instead, a proud confederation of mutual trust and respect."
"We face a hostile ideology global in scope, atheistic in character, ruthless in purpose, and insiduous [insidious] in method."
"A vital element in keeping the peace is our military establishment."
By: Dwight D. Eisenhower
To: US citizens
Eisenhower's Farewell Address was given in the early sixties. He served in office from 1953-1961. During this time, America was generally peaceful and prosperous. Servicemen returned home from war resulting in a huge population growth called the Baby Boom. There was a bigger selection of jobs, and for the first time ever, people had extra money and could buy unessential items for fun. The term "teenager" began to be used because for the first time, children didn't have to work full time. Aside from the prosperity of the US, Americans were fearful of communism and nuclear weapons. Joseph McCarthy began the hunt for communists in America in the early fifties. Alleged "communists" were blacklisted from society. This became known as "McCarthyism". Americans were also becoming very prepared for an attack from enemy countries. Bomb shelters were constructed, and it was routine for children to be educated about bombings in school. Pamphlets were distributed, and educational videos were made.
"Throughout America's adventure in free government, our basic purposes have been to keep the peace, to foster progress in human achievement, and to enhance liberty, dignity, and integrity among peoples and among nations. To strive for less would be unworthy of a free and religious people."
Eisenhower wanted to make the audience realize the intentions of the US. These intentions are emotional and right from wrong, and he also wanted to persuade the audience that not doing what was stated previously would be a waste of their human and religious potential.
Eisenhower wanted to persuade the audience that the US needed to spend more attention on the nation's defense and the industry of making military weapons. He used logic in the way that he stated that in the past, the US would create weapons quickly and ineffectively.
Eisenhower is addressing the fact that communication is making the world seem like a smaller place, and the citizens should not be fearful and hateful of the new information that they are beginning to get. The world isn't literally getting smaller, and there is not literally a lane of history.
Eisenhower creates a contradictory statement by saying that weapons and fighting can create peace. He goes on to explain himself later, saying that our military must be strong enough to ward off enemies from fear of their own self destruction. Even with that being said, it is ironic considering his military background.
"Another factor in maintaining balance involves the element of time."
"It is the task of statesmanship to mold, to balance, and to integrate these and other forces..."
Eisenhower repeats the words "balance" and "peace" throughout the entirety of his speech. This is to make his opinions and desires clear.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th President of the United States of America
1st Supreme Allied Commander Europe
16th Chief of Staff of the Army
1st Governor of the American Zone of Occupied Germany
13th President of Columbia University
United States Army 1915–1953 1961–1969
Parallelism in this sentence adds effect to what Eisenhower is trying to condone to his readers. It creates emphasis on his words and the meanings. Also, it makes the sentence easier to read and understand, which furthermore adds emphasis to his words.
"Understandably proud of this pre-eminence, we yet realize that America's leadership and prestige depend, not merely upon our unmatched material progress, riches, and military strength, but on how we use our power in the interests of world peace and human betterment."
The majority of the speech is about Eisenhower's opinion of America's decisions and system. He continually boasts about how wonderful America is, but he tries to convince the audience that they must not let it go to their heads;America must use their goodness to help themselves, help others, and help the world. He says that no matter how rich and prosperous the country is, it is nothing without using that power for good.
"It is the task of statesmanship to mold, to balance, and to integrate these and other forces, new and old, within the principles of our democratic system--ever aiming toward the supreme goals of our free society."
"Another factor in maintaining balance involves the element of time. As we peer into society's future, we--you and I, and our government--must avoid the impulse to live only for today, plundering for our own ease and convenience the precious resources of tomorrow."
Eisenhower believes that it is the duty of the statesmen to strive for the goals of our society. It is their job to make sure we are free and maintain our democratic system. He fears that we as a nation will become tied down by electronics and no longer be able to think for ourselves, and our thoughts will not be valued.
Eisenhower wants to make the audience understand that they should not live with only today's desires in mind. What they do will effect the future in a negative way.
1). N.p.. Web. 12 Dec 2013.
2). N.p.. Web. 12 Dec 2013. <http://www.shmoop.com/1950s/society.html>.
3) Bradley, B.. N.p.. Web. 12 Dec 2013. <http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade50.html>.
4). N.p.. Web. 12 Dec 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dwight_D_Eisenhower>.
5) Shmoop Editorial Team. "Teaching McCarthyism & Red Scare." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 16 Dec. 2013.
This critique states that perhaps Eisenhower's Farewell Address has a deeper meaning than just bidding farewell. After welcoming his audience, he warns them about the faults and dangers he sees in the current system. He also emphasizes the need for the US to enlarge its military and arms. He says that if the US does this, they can prevent a foreseeable disaster. The critique then states that the second main point made in the speech is that the citizens of the US should plan for the future. It says that Eisenhower is someone who fears for the future of the world; he is worried about the fate of the US and the fate of the rest of the world. I agree with the statements made in this article because they are valid and supported by the original speech.