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"I've Been to the Mountaintop." -Martin Luther King. Rhertic speech. By: J Hester

The famous speech "I've Been to the Mountaintop" by Martin Luther King Jr broken down by composition and rhetoric techniques.
by

Julie Hester

on 10 February 2013

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Transcript of "I've Been to the Mountaintop." -Martin Luther King. Rhertic speech. By: J Hester

By: Julie Hester Martin Luther King Jr:
"I've Been to the Mountaintop." "I've Been to the Mountaintop." Examples Composition. Examples "I've Been to the Mountaintop" is a persuasive speech spoken by Martin Luther King Jr on April 3, 1968. Martin Luther Kind Jr gave the speech at Mason Temple in Memphis Tennessee. The speech mainly concerned the Memphis Sanitation Strike, a strike which promoted the advancement of colored people in a time where they felt unequal compared to white people. The day after Martin Luther King Jr delivered his speech, he was assassinated. "It's always good to have your closest friend and associate to say something good about you. And Ralph Abernathy is the best friend that I have in the world." In writing, composition is how an author purposely sets up a piece of work. Composition techniques include repetition, alliteration, comparisons, and more. Composition techniques keep the reader or audience interested in the composition. "But I wouldn't stop there," "Somewhere I read," "If I had sneezed." Rhetoric In Martin Luther King Jr's "I've been to the Mountaintop" he uses different types of persuasive rhetoric techniques. Rhetoric techniques are used in writings and speeches to persuade audiences to join or do what the writer or speaker wants them to. Here are a few of the techniques he purposely placed into his speech to allow him to have the upper hand. -This is an example of plain folk. A technique that turns famous or well-known people to act as if they are just another person. Here we see how Martin Luther King Jr is making a remark about his best friend, Ralph Abernathy. Martin Luther King Jr is cleverly making each of them seem like everyday people.This will appeals to audiences, making them think of Martin Luther King Jr and also Ralph Abernathy seem just like them. "But now, no longer can they just talk about it. It is no longer a choice between violence and nonviolence in this world; it's nonviolence or nonexistence. That is where we are today." In "I've Been to the Mountaintop" Martin Luther King Jr used these phrases in repetition. This caused powerful moments within his speech. In this sentence, Martin Luther King Jr used a technique called fear. This tactic is used to scare the audience to get them to do what the speaker wants them to do. Martin Luther King Jr spoke this to scare his audience, to tell them the world is violent and that equality will come at a price but that it will be worth it. "...sometimes we were stacked in there like sardines in a can." This is an example Martin Luther King Jr used for alliteration. "Sometimes," "stacked," and "sardines" gives the sentence a constant "S" sound. "One day a man came to Jesus, and he wanted to raise some questions about some vital matters of life...." Here we see an example of an allusion. An allusion is were an author uses a reference from a famous piece of work. Martin Luther King Jr used a reference from the bible to gain the side of christians in the audience. "I'm delighted to see each of you here tonight in spite of a storm warning. You reveal that you are determined to go on anyhow." This technique is known as glittering generalities. Glittering generalities are used to feel good about themselves. By Martin Luther King Jr telling the audience how determined they are and how glad he is to see them makes the audience feel more important. Therefore, gaining the audience's side. "Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. Longevity has its place. But I'm not concerned about that now. I just want to do God's will. And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain. And I've looked over. And I've seen the Promised Land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the promised land!" -Martin Luther King Jr:
"I've Been to the Mountaintop." Citations http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/mlkivebeentothemountaintop.htm examples.yourdictionary.com
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