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Zora Neale Hurston

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Annie Yun

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Zora Neale Hurston

Zora Neale Hurston [1891-1960]
Their Eyes Were Watching God
Accomplishments
Established a school of dramatic arts at Bethune-Cookman University in Daytona Beach, Florida (1934)
Rosenwald Foundation Fellowship (1935)
Guggenheim Fellowship (1936)
Honorary Doctorate, Morgan State College (1939)
Anisfield-Wolf Book Award (1943)
Distinguished Alumni Award, Howard University (1943)
Education and Human Relations Award, Bethune-Bookman College (1956)
The Last Chapter of Her Life
1948 - falsely accused of molesting a 10-year old boy
personal life is seriously disrupted due to the incident
faces financial and medical difficulties
enters a welfare home
suffers from a stroke
Jan. 28, 1960 - died of hypertensive heart disease
Buried in an unmarked grave in the Garden of Heavenly Rest in Fort Pierce.
Early Life
Zora Neale Hurston was born the fifth of eight children to parents John Hurston and Lucy Ann Hurston on Jan. 7, 1891.
Though she was born in Alabama, Hurston always considered Eatonville, FL to be her true home.
Both her father and grandfather were preachers, and her father went on to become the mayor of Eatonville, which was one of the first one of the first all-black towns to be incorporated in the United States.
Early Life
Childhood
Hurston mother died in 1904, and Hurston’s father remarried to Matte Moge almost immmediately after the death of Hurston’s mother, sparking rumors that he had been having an affair with Moge before his wife was deceased.
Hurston was sent away to boarding school in Jacksonville but was expelled after her father and step mother stopped paying tuition.

Who are you, Ms. Hurston?
American folklorist, anthropologist & author during the Harlem Renaissance
Hurston was first introduced to the magic and beauty of literature in 1901 when Northern school teachers visiting Eatonville gave her books to read.
Later on in life, Hurston would repeatedly claim that her actual birth date was 1901 rather than 1891 because she considered this moment in her life to be her intellectual birth.
Literary Career
Summary
Hurston's Life Inspiring Her Literature
Fractured family
Eatonville
Hurston's father and Joe Starks
Love life
Janie grew up with Grandmother
Independent and confident
Wants to find love which scares Grandmother
Married off to Logan Killicks
Is continually unhappy and runs off with Joe Starks.
Moves to Eatonville
Joe Starks dies and she falls for a younger man, Teacake
Teacake and Janie move to Jacksonville, FL
Forced to shoot her true love
Moves back to Eatonville
Young Adult and College Life
Characters:
Sykes - abusive husband
Delia - abused wife
Bertha - Sykes's "portly" mistress
Themes:
domestic abuse
empowerment
survival

Hurston traveled to Baltimore and enrolled in Morgan Academy, the high school division of Morgan College in Baltimore, Maryland in 1917.
In 1918, Hurston graduated from the Morgan Academy and enrolled in Howard, where she joined Zeta Phi Beta and founded the school newspaper.
While there, she took courses in Spanish, English, Greek and public speaking and earned an Associate's Degree in 1920
Adult Life
In 1924, Hurston left Howard and was offered a scholarship to Barnard College, Columbia University in 1925, where she was the college's only black student.
Hurston received her B.A. in anthropology in 1927, and also married Jazz musician and former classmate Herbert Sheen.
This marriage ended in 1931.
In 1939 Hurston married Albert Price who was 25 years her junior (he was 23 years old), but this marriage ended after only seven months.
Short Stories
John Redding Goes to Sea (May 1921)
Drenched in Light (December 1924)
Spunk (June 1925)
Magnolia Flower (July 1925)
Muttsy (August 1926)
‘Possum or Pig? (September 1926)
The Eatonville Anthology (September- November 1926)
Sweat (November 1926)
The Gilded Six-Bits (August 1933)
Mother Catherine (1934)
Uncle Monday (1934)
The Fire and the Cloud (September 1934)
Cock Robin Beale Street (July 1941)
Story in Harlem Slang (July 1942)
High John De Conquer (October 1943)
Hurricane (1946)
The Conscience of the Court (March 1950)
Escape from Pharaoh (1950)
The Tablets of the Law (1951)
Essays/Articles
Novels
Jonah's Gourd Vine (1934)
Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937)
Moses, Man of the Mountain (1939)
Seraph on the Suwanee (1948)

Plays
Color Struck
(1925)
won 2nd place in contest for best play
not staged during Harlem Renaissance
Mule Bone
(1930)
worked with Langston Hughes
relationship is broken over authorship of
Mule Bone
not staged until 1991
Sweat
"Hoodoo in America" (1931) in The Journal of American Folklore
Mules and Men (1935)
Tell My Horse (1938)
Dust Tracks on a Road (1942), autobiography
"How It Feels to Be Colored Me" (1928)
"But I am not tragically colored. There is no great sorrow dammed up in my soul, nor lurking behind my eyes. I do not mind at all. I do not belong to the sobbing school of Negrohood who hold that nature somehow has given them a lowdown dirty deal and whose feelings are all but about it. "
"What White Publishers Won't Print" (1950) in Negro Digest
Non-Fiction
Color Struck (1925)
Characters
Emmaline (Emma): color-obsessed and paranoid Black woman
John: mulatto man; deeply in love with Emma
Effie: mulatto woman Emma is jealous of
Themes:
Colorism
Insecurities/Self-destruction
Hate/Anger/Animosity
Distorted Vision/Blindness
Fun Fact
a Guggenheim is currently attending Villanova University as an undergraduate student
Places Hurston Has Been: Alabama, Baltimore, Washington D.C., Harlem, Florida, Jamaica, Haiti, South Carolina, Honduras
Full transcript