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Fall of the Berlin Wall
Transcript of Fall of the Berlin Wall
Chan Hou Cheng Aug 13, 1961: West Berlin was barricaded in, virtually overnight. Families and loved ones were separated. People lost their jobs. A city divided. 9 Nov, 1989:
The Berlin Wall fell. Yet, 20 years later... Why? Thesis: the emotional valences surrounding hope caused people to move forwards and backwards between wanting and detesting the Berlin wall. Why did the east Berliners
want the wall to fall? the wall was a physical barrier. There was no escape from oppression by the German Democratic Republic. the GDR was very successful in keeping the east
- Shoot to Kill order in 1971
- Stasi Police this
hopeless. On 1989 9th November... Immediately after After the war, Germany was divided West Berlin was constantly under threat East Berlin faced economic & immigration problems East German Solution: "No one has the intention to erect a wall" - Walter Ulbricht, 15 June 1961 How did joy emerge from the fall of the wall What is Happiness? a state of feeling good How does the fall of Berlin Wall causes the germans to experience joy or happiness? How does happiness works? Berliners now divided by a
The Mauer im Kopf Start End issit? Happiness is intentional: It directed towards object. It can be said as end orientated Happiness does not stay in the object. Instead it is presumed to follow after reaching the end In the case of Berlin A B C Wall end end end End Now with the wall gone "Happiness is directed towards certain objects, which function as a means to what
is not yet present. If objects provide a ‘means’ for making us happy, then in directing ourselves towards this or that object, we are aiming somewhere else: towards a happiness that is presumed to follow. The temporality of this following does matter. Happiness is what would come after. Happiness does not reside in objects; it is promised through proximity to certain objects. "(Ahmed 2008 :121) Furthermore the hope for the fall of the wall amplifys the joy. As they had passed their first milestone This joy slowly morphs into hope as now the open future is make more possible with the fall of the wall bleak grief they lost: family friends freedom Easterners
the fall of
the wall Hope Future has thus been opened Loss of East German identity Grief undoes us Stems from the un-mooring of self Need for some sort of re-anchoring Perpetuated by how fast the Wall
disappeared East German loss of identity The Germans felt hurt by this loss They grieved for it So how did they cope? "Ressentiment in this context is a triple achievement: it produces an affect (rage, righteousness) that overwhelms the hurt; it produces a culprit responsible for the hurt; and it produces a site of revenge to displace the hurt (a place to inflict hurt as the sufferer has been hurt). Together these operations both ameliorate (in Nietzche's term, "anaesthetize") and externalize what is otherwise "unendurable." "Ressentiment in this context is a triple achievement: it produces an affect (rage, righteousness) that overwhelms the hurt; it produces a culprit responsible for the hurt; and it produces a site of revenge to displace the hurt (a place to inflict hurt as the sufferer has been hurt). Together these operations both ameliorate (in Neitzsche's term "anaesthetize") and externalize what is otherwise "unbearable."
-Wendy Brown, Wounded Attachments Lack of time for 'Vergangenheitsbewältigung' Anger and dissatisfaction at the situation Sense of Ostalgie Nostalgia for the East Seen in films like Goodbye Lenin, and Sonnenallee Romanticization of the East Ampelmann as a cult symbol DDR Museum Resultant longing for the east Blame the fall Blame the West Blame the East Divide the City Continued sense of division We are not one Berlin. Perpetuated through sites of remembrance Constant reminders of the wall Continued nostalgia for the Wall "Rebuild the Wall!" How did joy spread then? A B C Wall end end end Was it because joy was contagious? Grief Ressentiment Hope "So when happy objects are passed around, it is not necessarily the feeling that passes. To share
such objects (or have a share in such objects) would simply mean you would share an orientation
towards those objects as being good." (Ahmed 17) The fall of the wall was a sudden one
- Hasso Herschel
- Student Digs From the west:
- Conrad Schumann
- Propaganda HOPE. "Becoming hopeful is marked, therefore, not by a simple act of transcendence in favour of a good elsewhere or elsewhen but by an act of establishing new relations that disclose a point of contingency within a present space-time."
- Ben Anderson