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Transcript of MAOIST INSURGENCY
3) The Communist Party of India are also known as the Maoist or the Naxalites.
1) The peasant movement in Andhra Pradesh just after India’s independence was a precursor to the rise of Maoist thought. But it was an attack on a tribal man in the Naxalbari village of West Bengal on March 2, 1967 that sparked the violent, extremist left-wing movement.
Prelude: The British Rule and the Telangana movement
1) Reconstruction of the Agrarian structure.
2) 110 uprisings from 1783 to 1900.
3) The New Indian state continued to support the unfair structure.
4) They expanded support base in the Telangana Region.
5) Peasant uprising turned violent in 1946.
6)They expelled the landlords, redistributed the land, abolished the bonded labour, introduced minimum wages and build up a militia.
7)In 1948 when Hyderabad was incorporated into the Unions territory.
The Trigger: The Naxalbari uprising and the Birth of the Movement
May 24th 1967 the persistent social and political tensions in the small village, Naxalbari in the Darjeeling District of the Federal State West Bengal unloaded after a landlord was attacked and led to a full-scale peasant riot.
Establishment of the Committee All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries (AICCCR) In May 1968 and declared its ideological aims.
Uprising in Srikakulam region, the northernmost district of Andhra Pradesh.
During 1970 and 1971 over 4000 Naxal inspired violent incidents took place throughout the country.
Charu Mazumdar also was caught and died in 1972 in police custody.
Escalation: Launching the People’s War
The emergency declared by Indira Gandhi in 1975 resulted in the ban of all Naxal organizations.
Kondapalli Seetharamaiah formed the CPI (ML) People’s War that became well known as People’s War Group (PWG) that constitutes the other major part of the biggest Maoist party today.
The Naxalites were not only able to enforce their demands for higher wages for their poor workers, but also to impose some kind of parallel government in liberating rural zones.
Collaboration with the LTTE.
In 1989 the government loosened restrictions against Naxalite organizations and released several prisoners.
IDEOLOGY AND THEORY
To formulate clear and concise propaganda slogans
To transform the slogans into Agitation via Action to Party Directive
To follow the class line and the mass line
To build mass organisation and to carry out mass movement
To build the Party amongst the dalit masses
To mobilize women/dalits/tribal/minorities into the revolutionary movement.
STRATEGIES TO RESOLVE
2) Aim: to overthrow the Indian state and to create a socialist- communist government.
4) They are a large group consisting of 20,000 armed fighters with 50,000 supporters.
1) The Maoist composed of the Adivasis, the original people of India
5) The single biggest internal security
challenge ever faced by India
It was founded on 21 September 2004, through the merger of the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) People's War (People's War Group), and the Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCCI).
Further, on May Day 2014, the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Naxalbari merged into the CPI (Maoist).
General Secretary: Muppala Lakshmana Rao
Persisting Thread and Recent developments
Theory: Theory of Contradiction
imperialism and the Indian people
feudalism and the broad masses
capital and labour
internal contradiction among the ruling classes
principles for the formation of strategy
NATURE OF CONFLICT
1) Security: conservative
2) Establishment: liberal
3) Revolutionary: radical
Revolutionary Internationalist Movement (RIM) was formed in 1984 to unify all the communist parties in the World.
During the year 1989-90 the CPI (ML) PWG was trained by ex-LTTE activists of Sri Lanka in landmine technology.
Ever since the formation of Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), it has links with Indian left wing extremist groups.
In July 1995, CPI-ML PW and CPN (Maoist) issued a joint press release and resolved to work together.
Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organizations of South Asia (CCOMPOSA) has been formed in June 2001.
There is no best solution to this problem. Attempts can be made to make situations better .
Government has to win the hearts of the maoist by including them in decisions affecting their life.
Support small scale industries
From the 1990’s onwards the Naxalites were able to expand their area of influence gradually that is now called the red corridor.
The most important
recent event that still marks today’s situation was the merger between the two dominant
Naxalite organisations PWG and MCC to the Communist Party of India (Maoist) (CPI(Maoist)) that took place on 21 September 2004.
In contrast to terrorists, the Naxalites are mainly engaged in discriminate violence, usually picking their targets carefully, trying to avoid collateral damage.
In 2009 the central government in alliance with the federal states started an offensive known as Operation Green Hunt largely led to an escalation in terms of violence.