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Biomimicry & the Living Building Challenge - Abridged

Connecting the principles of Biomimicry and the Living Building Challenge
by

Matt Piccone

on 10 October 2013

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Transcript of Biomimicry & the Living Building Challenge - Abridged

How do we reduce the volume of peak water in the city combined sewer system?
How can we manage peak stormwater flows at building, district, and city scales?
GENIUS OF PLACE
Looking to the living organisms and systems of a particular place to provide guidance and models for establishing locally attuned strategies for design.
GENIUS OF PLACE
VISION: Inspiring innovation in Oregon by emulating nature’s genius
MISSION: Biomimicry Oregon seeds life-friendly innovation by inspiring people to emulate nature’s genius through:
connecting people from all sectors with biomimicry resources and each other,
increasing awareness of the value and practice of biomimicry, and,
catalyzing projects and celebrating successes.

collect
store
absorb
attenuate
transport
"How does nature manage water flows?"
Biological Research
Identify local challenge(s).
Biological research - look and listen for ways local organisms/ecosystems (the geniuses) address the challenge.
Translate the biological research into design principles.
Ideate locally attuned design strategies based on the design principles.
Genius of Place Process
a world empowered by nature’s genius
oregonbiomimics.net
www.biomimicry.net
ecosystem
process
form
the conscious emulation of nature’s genius
What can we learn
from nature’s designs
to help sustain ourselves
on Earth while
protecting and restoring what’s still here?
Biolytic Filtration Process
COMOLEVI Forest Canopy
Function
Strategy
Design Principle
Challenge:
What Do Biomimics Imitate?
LIMITS TO GROWTH
URBAN AGRICULTURE
HABITAT EXCHANGE
CAR FREE LIVING
NET ZERO WATER
ECOLOGICAL WATER FLOW
NET ZERO ENERGY
CIVILIZED ENVIRONMENT
HEALTHY AIR
BIOPHILIA
RED LIST
EMBODIED CARBON FOOTPRINT
RESPONSIBLE INDUSTRY
APPROPRIATE SOURCING
CONSERVATION & REUSE
HUMAN SCALE & HUMANE PLACES
DEMOCRACY & SOCIAL JUSTICE
RIGHTS TO NATURE
BEAUTY & SPIRIT
INSPIRATION & EDUCATION
How does nature:
restore an ecosystem?
preserve its food sources?
Maintain integrity though self-renewal
How does nature organize food production?
Leverage cyclic processes
Use readily available materials and energy
How does nature preserve its habitat?
Maintain integrity though self-renewal
Cultivate cooperative relationships
How does nature create, manage, & optimize distribution networks?
Incorporate diversity
Embody resilience through variation, redundancy, and decentralization
Cultivate cooperative relationships
Use low energy processes
How does nature:
filter & purify water?
recycle water?
store water?
capture water?
distribute water?
Recycle all materials
Leverage cyclic processes
Use readily available materials & energy
How does nature:
Recycle water?
Infiltrate water?
Manage abundant flows?
Use low energy processes
Recycle all materials
Maintain integrity through self-renewal
Leverage cyclic processes
How does nature:
Capture energy?
Store energy?
Maximize energy efficiency?
Distribute energy?
Use Feedback Loops
Use low-energy processes
Use readily available materials & energy
How does nature:
Utilize sunlight?
Utilize air movement?
Maximize comfort?
Maintain integrity through self-renewal
Use low energy processes
Create conditions conducive to life
How does nature purify air?
How does nature:
attract with beauty?
build mutual relationships?
What makes Nature beautiful?
Incorporate diversity
Use multi-functional design
Replicate strategies that work
How does nature:
dispose of toxins?
create without toxins?
regulate toxins?
Self-organize
Use feedback loops
Break down products into benign constituents
Build selectively with a small subset of elements
How does nature:
recycle carbon?
balance carbon?
capture carbon?
Maintain integrity through self-renewal
Cultivate cooperative relationships
How does nature
select for sustainability?
At what rate does nature produce these materials?
Self-organize
Use feedback loops
Maintain integrity through self-renewal
Use readily available materials and energy
How does nature:
distribute resources?
migrate to resources?
Use feedback loops
Maintain integrity through self-renewal
Cultivate cooperative relationships
Use readily available materials and energy
How does nature:
minimize, eliminate, or avoid waste?
redistribute its resources?
What does nature consider to be waste?
Maintain integrity through self-renewal
Use readily available materials and energy
How does nature:
encourage interaction?
avoid isolation?
Fit form to function
Build from the bottom up
How does nature:
define ownership?
distribute ownership of resources?
create privacy?
Does nature recognize ownership?
Cultivate cooperative relationships
Incorporate diversity
Embody resilience through variation, redundancy, and decentralization
How does nature:
maximize sunlight exposure?
provide resource access to a diverse user group?
Fit form to function
Cultivate cooperative relationships
Leverage cyclic processes
Use readily available materials and energy
How does nature:
transcend function with form?
attract with beauty?
Integrate the unexpected
Fit form to function
Reshuffle information
How does nature:
share information?
learn?
Replicate strategies that work
Build from the bottom up
Self organize
Biophilia
Bio-Utilization
Resources:
AskNature.org
Encyclopedia of Life
Arkive.org
University Libraries
Local Biologists, Ecologists, and Naturalists
The natural world
Functions to manage water:
"If there is an evolutionary basis for biophilia, ... then contact with nature is a basic human need: not a cultural amenity, not an individual preference, but a universal primary need. Just as we need healthy food and regular exercise to flourish, we need ongoing connections with the natural world." - Dr. Judith Heerwagen
Using natural organisms and ecosystems to perform ecological functions and services for human benefit
the experience of...
Rain Garden
Living Machine
African Savannah
Johnson Wax building by Frank Lloyd Wright
Biomimicry
Want to Learn More?
thenatureofcities.com
Zygote Quarterly
zqjournal.org
Find us on the web:
Facebook
LinkedIn
oregonbiomimics.net
living-future.org
Eastgate Center: Zimbabwe
temperatures outside range from 35 degrees F at night to 104 degrees F during the day
uses less than 10% of the energy of a conventional building its size
owners have saved $3.5 million alone because of an air-conditioning system that did not have to be implemented
rents are 20 percent lower than those of occupants in the surrounding buildings
Ecological Succession
How do we map ecological succession to economical & urban frameworks?
Nature as Model, Measure, & Mentor
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