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Copy of Junior College Information Literacy

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UM Library

on 5 February 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Junior College Information Literacy

Need for Information
Information literacy is knowing when and why you need information, where to find it, and how to evaluate, use and communicate it in an ethical manner [Cilip, 2004].
Creating proper keywords -
how am I going to find the information?
Basic online search techniques -
how am I going to find the information?
Evaluating Information Sources
HyDi - Library searching system
Information Literacy
Need for information
Need for information - create proper keywords
Finding information - basic online search techniques
Evaluating information resources
HyDi - Library searching system
A need for information is:

recognizing that information is required
understanding why information is needed.
identifying the kind of information [Cilip, 2004].

Planning an assignment:

1. What is the topic? What do I need to write about?
2. Where am I going to look for the information?
3. How am I going to find the information needed?
- a word used to indicate the content of a document [oxforddictionaries.com].
Identify the key concepts in your research topic:
How has the disposal of plastic water bottles impacted the environment?

Pull out main points out of the research question to find the search terms:
disposal, plastic water bottles, impact, environment

Look up other related words e.g. phrases or synonyms:
Disposal = removal, destruction, dumping; Impact = effect, hazard;
Environment = pollution, recycling, resources;

[Productive Researcher, Syracuse University Library].
Finding synonyms:
If you are having trouble finding synonyms for your keywords, try using thesaurus! e.g.www.thesaurus.com
One of the ways to narrow down or expand your search is to use Boolean operators.
There are 3 basic operators that you can use and they define the relationships between words or groups of words. They are:

Operator "AND"
Operator “
” is used to narrow down the search. It searches the results containing all the words it separates.


Operator "OR"
Operator “
” is used to expand your search and retrieve records containing any of the words it separates.

plastic bottles
water bottles:

Using this operator will allow you to see all the results including the word “bottles” and the word “disposal”.
Operator "NOT"
Operator “
” is used to narrow down your search. It searches and retrieves records that do not include the term following it.

plastic pollution

Using this operator will allow you to find all the results with the phrase “plastic pollution” but will not show any results with the word “recycling”.
Searching using "Wildcard characters"
You can include the following wildcard characters in your searches:

– enter a question mark to perform a single character wildcard search.


to search for records that contain words bottle or bottles.

- enter an asterisk to perform a multiple character wildcard search.


to search for records that contain strings, such as bottle, bottles, bottled or bottling.

You are surrounded by information. The question becomes then, how can you verify the reliability of the source?

Learn to evaluate the quality of information that you can find on the web, in the books, magazines and television.

Do not believe in everything you read, try to find and compare different information sources.
Who created this information and why?
Do you recognize this author or their work?
What knowledge or skills do they have in the area?
Where does the information originate?
Is this a primary source or secondary source of information?
Is a bibliography provided citing the sources used?
Does the page provide information about timeliness such as specific dates of information?
How current are the sources or links?
HyDi is your one stop search gateway to both print and online Library resources.

From a single search you can discover books and dissertations held in the Library, as well as full-text online journal articles and other information resources.
Why is HyDi important?
Through HyDi you can find reliable scholarly material such as:

Journal articles
Peer-reviewed articles

Peer-reviewed articles are publications that have been evaluated before by several researchers or specialist in the academic community. Peer-review indicates quality and reliability of publications.
How to access HyDi?
Before you access HyDi, make sure you are using the right Internet browser. We are recommending Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox.
1. Access Junior College Website -

2. Log into your account. To do that, click on “sign in” on the right top corner of the screen. Only after you’re sign in, you will have full access to articles and dissertations.

How to access HyDi?
3. From "Facility or Service" tab select Library - Junior College:
4. Click on HyDi banner at the bottom of the page to access HyDi interfarce:
Are the sources truth worthy?
Does information come from a school, business, or company site?
Main objective of the session:

How to become effective and independent researchers.

Main Proposition:

Research skills are relevant for success in your studies at Junior College and in any higher education Institution.

Understanding research skills:

Research involves the ability to learn to ‘locate, retrieve and evaluate information’ about any subject, for example the Systems of Knowledge coursework and project experience.

Introduction to Research Skills
All coursework and project work involves a number of topics.

In the Systems of Knowledge Project one of the tasks is to carry out research in science and technology.

In this case, research requires searching for and reading through a number of varied sources to find out relevant information about science and technology.

The sources of information can range from books, TV, magazines, websites and newspapers.

Introduction to Research Skills
Always write the reference of the source from which you are accessing and retrieving the information so that you avoid plagiarism.

Plagiarism is the citation of other works without acknowledging the source of information.

Related Sources


In-Text Citations
When you use others' ideas in your paper, you should credit them with an
in-text citation

Several different systems of citation are in use in various academic communities (such as footnotes and endnotes), but APA Style uses a kind of
parenthetical referencing
called the
author–date system
Basic In-Text Citation Style:

As the name author–date system implies, APA Style in-text citations include the author and date, either both inside parentheses or with the author names in running text and the date in parentheses. Here are two examples:

• After the intervention, children increased in the number of books read per week (Smith & Wexwood, 2010).
• Smith and Wexwood (2010) reported that after the intervention, children increased in the number of books read per week.

The reference list entry for an e-book includes the author, date, title, and source (URL or DOI). For a chapter in an e-book, include the chapter title and page numbers (if available).
Whole e-book:
Author, A. (date). Title of book. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxx
Author, A. (date). Title of book. doi:xxxxxxxxxxxx
Chapter in an e-book:
Author, A. (date). Title of chapter. In E. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pp. xx–xx). Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxx
Author, A. (date). Title of chapter. In E. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pp. xx–xx). doi:xxxxxxxxxx

Doi is a digital object identifier, a unique string of letters, numbers, and symbols assigned to a published work to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet. The DOI is typically located on the first page of an electronic document near the copyright notice and on the database landing page for the document. When DOIs are available, include them in the reference information. Place the DOI at the end of the reference, and don’t add a period at the end of it. Here’s an example:

Author, A. (year). Title of article. Journal Title, X, xxx–xxx. doi:xxxxxx

For a passing reference to a website in text, the URL is sufficient; no reference list entry is needed.
Gussie Fink-Nottle has set up a discussion forum for newt fanciers
However, when you are citing a particular document or piece of information from a website, include both a reference list entry and an in-text citation. The key to creating the reference list entry is to determine the type of content on the web page. Basically, provide the following four pieces of information:
Author, A. (date). Title of document [Format description]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxx
The in-text citation includes the author and date (Author, date), as with any other APA Style citation.

The citation of interviews depends on the nature of the interview.

Third-party interviews:
If the interview is in a form that is recoverable (e.g., a recording, transcript, published Q&A), use the reference format appropriate for the source in which the interview is available.

Informational interviews:
If you have interviewed someone for information about your topic and that person has agreed to be identified as a source, cite the source as a personal communication (in text only):
(G. Fink-Nottle, personal communication, April 5, 2011)
Personal communications do not have reference list entries because they cannot be retrieved.

Interviews of research participants:
No citation is needed for remarks made by participants in the research on which you’re reporting. Do not cite these as personal communications; this would breach the participants’ guarantee of confidentiality.

Bibliography Versus Reference List
What’s the difference? A
reference list
consists of all sources cited in the text of a paper, listed alphabetically by author’s surname. A
, however, may include resources that were consulted but not cited in the text as well as an annotated description of each one. Bibliographies may be organized chronologically, or by subject, rather than alphabetically.
If you have been given an assignment that asks for a bibliography, consult your instructor for more specifics about the required format.

Source: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/quick-guide-on-references.aspx#In-Text
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