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History of the NCAA
Transcript of History of the NCAA
NCAA The NCAA was founded in 1906 to protect young people from the dangerous athletic practices at that time. The NCAA is made up of three membership classifications that are known as Divisions I, II and III. Each division creates its own rules governing personnel, amateurism, recruiting, eligibility, benefits, financial aid, and playing and practice seasons The 1940 NCAA Convention granted the Executive Committee more investigative powers with respect to protect amateurism. It was originally called the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (IAAUS) in 1906. Then later on in 1910, it was renamed as the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). In 1984 they came out with something called the Sanity Code it is named in part after a delegate at a previous Convention who called for “a return to sanity” with regard to members following established rules, in which contains strict regulations regarding financial aid, recruiting, academic standards, institutional control and amateurism. Walter Byers has been serving as a part-time executive assistant for the Association since 1947 and he was hired as the NCAA’s first executive director. Byers founded the NCAA national office in Kansas City, Mo., and a year later he begin assembling the first national office staff. Byers filed Case Report No. 1 which is representing the first formal action of the Subcommittee. It charges that 10 basketball players at the University of Kentucky had received impermissible financial aid. Which then the will suspend some of the Kentucky basketball team from league play for one whole year. The NCAA Council, through its Membership Committee, bans Kentucky’s entire athletics program from intercollegiate competition for one year. In effect, it was the Association’s first “death penalty." In 1956, The NCAA Council approved a recommendation from the Committee on Infractions that a member institution must “show cause” why its membership should not be suspended or terminated and give thorough reasons. That show-cause penalty is still an effective rule today. In 1964, several cases in which institutions do not cooperate fully with an investigation, the Council approves the following procedures:
The three-member Committee on Infractions (with NCAA staff assistance) performs the initial investigation, conducts a hearing and recommends penalties.
The NCAA Council reviews the findings and holds a hearing of its own.
The Council makes its own findings, if any, and imposes a penalty.
The principle controlling the type and severity of the penalty comes from the Association’s Long-Range Planning Committee: “Penalties should be broad if there is a basic institutional pattern of nondeservance, narrow if violations are isolated and institutional dereliction is not involved.” In 1971, the NCAA council creates a Special Enforcement and Reorganization Committee to offer and recommend changes to the enforcement process. In 1974, the NCAA enforcement staff added 6 field investigators to their team because of the changes that were adopted in 1973because of the changes adopted in 1973. During the years of 1975 to 1983, the Committee on Infractions measured out punishments in 96 cases. During these eight years, they strengthened the enforcement process. 69 of the punishments involved recruiting, 46 involved financial aid and 41 regarded extra benefits. The number and profile of the cases spurred more presidential involvement with the NCAA’s governance structure. In 1987, the Committee on Infractions suspended the Southern Methodist University football program for one year. This was called the "death penalty" because they were prevented from playing. Several other states adopted the Nevada law and are following it which posed a serious threat to the NCAA's ability to enforce and "lay down the law" with their rules equally in all states. In 1994, the NCAA Council (soon disbanded because the NCAA was becoming a coalition of its governance structure) in 1997, was relieved of its appealing duties in infractions cases. Through the years 1995 to 2003, there were exactly 100 cases that received penalties. There were about 65 were about recruiting violations, while 62 involved extra benefits and 13 involved academic fraud. In 2004, there was a Congressional hearing that was challenged again, but in the end, it with held the Association’s power to due-process standards.