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Switzerland

by Yann Ran and Sakiko Okayama
by

Yann Ran

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of Switzerland

SWITZERLAND
Geography
Facts and figures
Switzerland has an area of 41,285 square kilometres (15,940 square miles). The productive area - that is, the area without the lakes, rivers, unproductive vegetation and no vegetation at all - covers 30,753 square km (11,870 square miles).

It measures 220 kilometers (137 miles) from north to south and 350 km (217 miles) from east to west.

The Jura, the Plateau and the Alps form the three main geographic regions of the country.


Population
Switzerland has a population of 7.7 million. Population density is high, with 193 people per square km (500 per square mile) of the productive area in 2008. In the agglomerations, which cover about 20% of the total surface area, the density is 590 per square km (1528 per square mile).
Water sources
Towns
Where people live
Just over two thirds of the Swiss population now live in urban areas. About one third of the population live in the conurbations of the five biggest cities: Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Bern and Lausanne.

Of the rest, about half live in the other urban regions and half live in rural areas.

Only 16 towns have a population of over 30,000.
Culture
Seasonal Customs
Traditional clothing
Bürli (Small bread)
Dreikönigskuchen (Epiphanies cake)
Zopf (Bread)
Birchermüesli
Fondue
Pastetli (Meat pie)
Rippli (Loin ribs, also known as smoked pork loin)
Sauerkraut
Teigwaren (Pasta), vegetarian menu
Gemischter Salat (mixed salad with three different dressings)
Wurstsalat (Sausage salad)
Zürcher Eintopf (Hot-pot Zürich style)


Silvesterkläuse in Urnäsch
.










Epiphany and star singing

Food Of Switzerland
Religion
Family Life
People marry relatively late; they concentrate on their training and career before they start a family. Swiss women are among the oldest in Europe at the birth of their first child. The majority of couples have only 1 or 2 children.
Languages
Flag and National Anthem
Flag
National Anthem
Emblem: white cross on red square background
National: colors red and white
Origins: from the coat of arms of canton Schwyz
Introduction: as a national flag: 1840
Correct form: square (except for flags on ships)
Correct size: length of cross arms : width must be 7:6
during the Helvetic Republic (1798 to 1815),
a French style green-red-yellow tricolor flag was used


Lake Geneva
Lake Constance
Middle Ages
-The Swiss did not have many natural resources and farming land. Therefore they relied on imports. This sometimes led to poverty and famine.
-There were some conflicts caused by rivalry between country/ urban towns and different churches.
-Despite these clashes, which in certain instances bordered on full-scale war, the Old Swiss Confederacy began to take root from the end of the Middle Ages and the start of the Early Modern era.
Timeline
1291- Three small towns and states form an alliance
1798-The French invades Switzerland
1798-1848-The Helvetic Republic
1848- Constitution established, formation of Switzerland as it is today
History
Government
Neutralism
Switzerland is the oldest neutral country in the world. Being neutral, they do not participate in wars. They also have an important role in humanitarian affairs.
Canton- A small district or state
Neighbouring countries, such as Italy and France, also affected the creation of modern day Switzerland, and because of this, Switzerland has the advantage of being a multilingual country.
French Influence
-One-third of the Swiss population speaks French.
-The two countries share 600km of border.
-France is Switzerland’s third largest trading partner.
-By the end of the 19th century, France was the only country with a legation in Switzerland.
-18% of the Swiss population is French.

French is spoken in Romandie, which is in the western part of Switzerland.
Language
The variety of French spoken in Romandie is known as Swiss-French.
French/ Swiss Relations
-Mountains cover a large part of Switzerland and mountain routes have been used to bring in people and goods since prehistoric times. Mountains acted as a barrier from other countries and the Swiss was able to develop their own traditions and forms of government.
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