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Dust Bowl

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by

Tyler Marenger

on 28 April 2015

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Transcript of Dust Bowl

Dust Bowl
By: Sam Tepsa, Tyler Marenger, Matt LeClaire, Matt Nykanen
Facts
A giant sand storm hit New York city and lasted for 5 hours.
The Dust Bowl was partially caused by the removal of prairie grass that held the dirt in place.
Drought from 1934 to 1937
Dust bowl covered 300,000 square miles
More than 350,000 people fled the areas where the dust bowl had affected.
Dust Bowl was both a man made and natural disaster.
Some storms were charged with static electricity some with enough to knock a man down.
Many cases of silicosis appeared due to people inhaling the dust.
The Government paid farmers to replant the grass lands and even bought their livestock to feed the homeless in big cities.
Most families did not flee the Dust Bowl.
A lot of cattle was killed by the dust by inhaling and suffocating on the dust. They would be found with stomachs full of sand and dust.
In 1935, federal conservation programs were created to recover from the Dust Bowl
Severe drought on the Great Plains during the Great Depression
Dry land farming and overgrazing on the Great Plains led to the destruction of prairie grasses
Winds whipped across the plains causing clouds of dust
Dust storms known as black blizzards
Life During the Dust Bowl
Economy
Sam likes anal
What Was The Dust Bowl
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/depwwii/dustbowl/
Houses would have a thick layer of dust on all the furniture
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/dustbowl-drought/

http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Dust_Bowl.aspx
This is Sparta
Attempts to End
http://www.history.com/topics/dust-bowl
Many of the Dust Bowl farmers stayed put and only about 16,000 moved away.
FDR talks with locals about the current situation
Many people did move because of the lack of crops produced during the Dust Bowl.
Federal aid was provided to drought stricken areas
By the end of the dust bowl, approximately 1 billion dollars of relief money was given (In 1930 dollars $1 billion would be about $14,084,507,042 today)
By a WPA report, 21% of all rural families in the Great Plains Region were getting federal aid
http://drought.unl.edu/DroughtBasics/DustBowl/EconomicsoftheDustBowl.aspx
Farming Methods were changed
Farmers began seeding grass, rotating crops, using contour and strip plowing, and planting trees.
Many people tried absurd ways to end the Dust Bowl some shot rockets into the air with chemical to make it rain and many big corporations tried selling their ideas to the government as solutions, ideas such as paving the plains and covering farms in waterproof paper are just some of the ideas that were purposed.

Sources
http://www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-dust-bowl
Black Blizzards
In 1932, only 14 storms were recorded on the Great Plains
Only a year later there were 38 storms
By 1934, it was estimated
100 million acres of farmland, an area roughly the
size of Pennsylvania,
had lost all or most of the
topsoil to the winds.
But it continued...
The Area Affected
The Oklahoma and Texas panhandles along with the neighboring sections of Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico were affected.
Causes
https://prezi.com/jwrnchojwrfh/the-dust-bowl-the-dirty-thirties/
The Dirty Thirties
People began immigrating to the Great Plains
Drought
Plowing Farmland
The increased demand for agricultural goods lead to the use of more farmland
Deep-plowing uprooted the grasses that kept the topsoil secure and retain moisture on the plains
Strong winds
Livestock
Many animals went blind due to the sand storms
The sand would get into their lungs making breathing difficult and slowing suffocating them
Adults and children would inhale the sand, cough up dirt, and many died of 'dust pneumonia'
The sand would get into the engines of tractors and cars ruining the engine
Great Depression
The Grapes of Wrath
Written in 1939 by John Steinbeck
He also wrote
Of Mice and Men
Described the flight of families from the Dust Bowl
It's about how a poor family of tenant farmers are driven from their home by drought, economic hardship, agricultural industry changes and bank foreclosure
Full transcript