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Absurdly Brief Introduction to MENA, Part 2
Transcript of Absurdly Brief Introduction to MENA, Part 2
Gender, family, sexuality
Nuclear family increasingly the norm. Polygyny rare.
Marriage later. But control of women's sexuality still important for mainly conservative states & patriarchal societies.
Age of nation states leads to more homogenization & out-migration than age of empires, particularly driven by creation of Israel and by wars in Turkey (WWI) to Iraq (2003-) to Syria (2011-).
Weak, under-institutionalized authoritarian states, prone to capture
Limited legitimacy. Uneven penetration. Ineffective governance.
Family as basic unit. Religion bound to state power.
True of all to some extent: continuum
Oil economies; mixed oil economies; non-oil economies.
Implications for development, regime type, state/labor relations & migration, military spending etc.
dominant public sectors
oil is capital-intensive, not labor
globalization --> structural adjustment --> unemployment
rapid growth & urbanization (page 82)
skews young (86-7)
Urbanization + youth bulge + small formal private sector --> unemployment, underemployment, large informal sector
Wide variation in HDI (table 2.6, page 90)
mass education, but concerns about quality
Religion AND tradition in play versus socioeconomic development & women's activism
Women under-represented in power, but active in civil society and cultural life
Fragmented societies: rival power centers
Regime types: resilient authoritarianism; qualified democracy
Table 3.2 pages 118-9
Institutions: patrimonial militaries; parliaments as channels of patronage; weak parties; variable rule of law (table 3.7, p. 147); unsustainable media...