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Common Breeds of Chicken in the Philippines
Transcript of Common Breeds of Chicken in the Philippines
(Egg laying and Meat)
The Chicken: Classes
Breeds and Varieties
The chicken is the most exploited species of poultry, which is utilized for food production in the whole world. Scientific researchers have been done on this species for past centuries and it is still the focus of the present and future experimentation. In the Philippines chicken rank first, while ducks rank second in economic importance as source of meat and eggs.
Breed of Chicken can be classified by its utility. This is based on the purpose for which the breed or variety is most efficient.
- to this class belong the breeds that are large, slow movement, quiet and gentle in disposition. Geneticist of the past described them as relatively slow maturing which may not hold true anymore with the present meat breeds. They are generally poorer egg layers and generally lay brown shelled eggs.
Chicken broiler and egg production are the most progressive animal enterprises in the Philippines today. The poultry industry in fact began as the backyard enterprise but has shifted to the formation of very large integrated contract farming operations.
Egg Class (Egg layers)
- The breed belonging to this class is characterized by their comparatively small size. They lay large white shelled eggs, very active and nervous in temperament. They are non-sitters. The earlier selection of geneticist for this class showed record of early maturity that may not necessarily be true with the modern breeds under this class. Examples: Leghorn, Minorcas, Anconas, Mikawa.
What is Breed?
a stock of animals or plants within a species having a distinctive appearance and typically having been developed by deliberate selection.
Meat and eggs of native chickens are preferred by many Filipinos over the same products from commercial poultry because of their taste, leanness, pigmentation and suitability to Filipino special dishes. Moreover, native chicken meat and eggs are priced higher than those coming from commercial poultry.
General Purpose Class
- Breeds of Chicken in this class are medium sized good layers and the young are fast growers. They are not as nervous as the egg class but much more active than the meat class.
Common laying egg breeds
Learning which breeds were best for our purpose saved us time and money by avoiding buying chickens not suitable for what we wanted. Now, twenty years later, we know which breeds work best for us.
They lay medium size brown eggs with an above average laying rate. Being both cold and heat hardy, Rhode Island
are good for any climate. They are easy to care for, adapting well to a penned or free-range environment.
are a more aggressive breed so be careful what breeds you place them with. These chickens are a good, dual-purpose breed and are well known for both egg production and meat. If you want a do everything breed, the Rhode Island Red is the one to pick.This is one of the most famous and all time popular breeds of truly American chickens.
The best egg layer available, these chickens lay extra-large white eggs, producing over 300 a year. Even with their smaller size, they make a good dual-purpose chicken; using them for meat, once their laying production declines.
This breed has an above average production of large brown eggs. Their friendly nature and cold weather hardiness makes them an excellent beginner chicken. If you plan to raise chicks, the Orpington is a good brooder and makes an excellent mother. The color for Buff Orpington is pure gold they are, symbolic of great value and high quality.
The hens are above average layers of large brown eggs and begin laying around five months. They are a hardy breed and easy to raise. These hybrid chickens are a cross between Barred Rock hens and Rhode Island Red roosters. The chicks are easily color sexed, meaning you identify males and females by their color. The males are black while females have gold plumage on their neck and breast. The Black Star is another good beginner breed with a calm nature making them good pets.
Also known as Easter Eggers, these chickens lay eggs in various shades of blue, blue-green, green and cream. These easy to handle birds lay medium size eggs, are winter hardy and have average to above average egg production. Ameracuanas adapt well to confinement or free range and are calm and non-aggressive making them a good family chicken. Your kids will love collecting the colorful eggs.
Common Meat class breeds
With the growing popularity of raising backyard chickens comes an increasing interest in raising meat chickens. Dual-purpose chickens, those yielding both eggs and meat, are the most popular. But many backyard chicken farmers are turning to meat chickens for their better flavor.
Broilers are chickens raised specifically for meat. They grow much faster than egg laying hens or dual purpose breeds. Most broilers have a fast growth rate with a high feed conversion ratio and low activity levels. In five weeks, broilers can reach a dressed weight of 4-5 pounds. Dual-purpose breeds, usually raised for both meat and egg production, are smaller with a slower growth rate.
The Cornish Cross is an excellent, fast growing broiler. Harvest time for a 4 pound broiler is normally 7 to 8 weeks. Their body make-up is superb, with broad breasts, large legs and thighs and a rich yellow skin.
Originating in the United States, this bird was developed to replace the turkey. A purebred chicken, the Giant’s weight averages 11-13 pounds. Jersey Giants grow at a slower rate than other meat birds, about 6 months to full maturity, making them undesirable to commercial industry. While originally a meat chicken, today, the Giant is prized as a dual-purpose bird, laying extra-large brown eggs.
A heavy bodied bird, the male can weigh up to 8.5 pounds and a female, 6.5 pounds. Originating from the U.S., the Delaware is hardy in heat and cold and matures quickly. The meat is delicious and the hens lay jumbo eggs. Delawares have calm and friendly dispositions
This relatively calm bird is nonaggressive so it does well around children and small dogs. Another dual-purpose chicken, the Dorking is a superior table fowl with tender flesh and meaty breasts and wings. Dorkings are productive winter layers, providing a steady egg supply when other breeds are not laying. Good broody hens and excellent mothers, they stay with their chicks much longer than other breeds.
Chickens are just like human mothers who talk to their babies in the womb- a mother hen begins to teach calls to her chicks before they even hatch.
Did you know??
Last but not least, chickens are adorable
take a look for yourself!