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Keystone XL Pipeline
Transcript of Keystone XL Pipeline
Across the Nation
Keystone XL Pipeline
The Keystone XL Pipeline is a TransCanada pipeline that is proposed to transport crude oil from Alberta to the Gulf Coast.
The pipeline is proposed to go through the following states:
This presentation will focus on the following topics:
282.5 miles of pipeline 
6 additional pump stations 
77% of proposed route crosses private property 
205 landowners, 66% signed easement contracts 
SB 363 has a loophole where the local government can claim any reason for aquiring property 
314.1 miles of pipeline 
7 additional pump station 
294 landowners - 92% of the proposed route is private property 
SD Public Utilities Commission granted permit in 2010 containing 50 conditions
3 failed attempts to pass a spill cleanup fund 
Broad restrictions on eminent domain for private development 
The pipeline affects more areas than just those along the route
254.1 miles of pipeline before the Sand Hills reroute 
5 additional pump stations 
99% of the proposed route is on private property 
Two bills were passed in special session to reroute the pipeline around the Sand Hills
Bold Nebraska is an action group focused on the politics of the pipeline 
155.4 miles of pipeline 
4 additional pump stations 
99% of proposed route is privately owned 
There are already 4,310 miles of exisiting pipeline 
The pipeline has to cross the Red and Canadian River 
The OCC Commissioner is limited to remediation after pipeline spills 
373.4 miles of pipeline 
6 additional pump stations 
11,941 miles of pipeline exist 
The pipeline goes over the Carrizo-Wilcox Aquifer which serves 10-12 million people in 60 counties 
100% of proposed route crosses private property 
Even though the pipeline is proposed to be on the other side of the country, Washington DC has been the center for many protests and rallies recently.
The pipeline has become a very politcal
topic for groups including:
Draw the Line
Eight protestors locked themselves to the construction equipment near Seminole, OK. Firefighters needed to use bolt cutters to remove some of them. 
Who: Almost 50,000 demonstrators
What: The largest climate rally in U.S. history
When: Feburary 17, 2013
Where: Washington Monument
Draw the Line
Who: Activists across the country
What: Community rallies
Where: From east coast to west coast
When: September 21,2013 
Nebraska is in the middle of the breadbasket of America where farming thrives and petroleum has a big impact on farmer's crops
Oil is used to make pesticides that help farmers to prevent their crops from being destroyed 
Many agriculture machines use gasoline and diesel fuel which are produces from the refining of oil 
Pros of Petroleum
Cons of Petroleum
The Ogallala Aquifer provides 30% of the nations water for irrigating farmland 
A spill or leak of the Keystone XL Pipeline could contaminate the Ogallala Aquifer
This would cause crops across the nation to become contaminated
Prospect of Gasoline
Texas is the Oil Capital Of America
One 42 gallon barrel of oil produces 19.4 gallons of gasoline 
This will allow oil companies to flourish 
There is a possibility that the oil piped from Canada will be shipped overseas and will have no positive influence on the price of gasoline in the United States 
Thompson v. Heineman
3 landowners suing Governor Heineman, claiming LB1161 is unconstitutional
LB1161 is a new bill that took the pipeline route approval power away from the Public Service Commission and gave it to Governor Heineman and the Department of Environmental Quality
May be unconstitutional because LB1161 does not allow for judicial review 
Susan Dunavan v. TransCanada
Dunavan wants to keep the restored prarie biodiveristy
Concern for plant replacement - TransCanada only offered to replace 6 out of over 100 plant species that would be affected
TransCanada threatened the use of eminent domain before it was granted to them 
Crawford v. TransCanada
Crawford's land is on Indian burial grounds
TransCanada initially offered $5,000 for 2 acres, increased that offer to $21,000 after court trial
Case is still ongoing and expected to be appealed to higher levels 
Various environmental groups v. Army Corps of Engineers
Clean Energy Future of Oklahoma, Sierra Club, East Texas Sub Regional Planning Commission
Court rules that the environmental groups were unable to prove that the possible environmental harm would outweigh the economic risk of halting construcion 
TransCanada's Contributions to the Community
In North America, TransCanada donated over $10 million in 2011 to go towards wellness, safety and the environment. They are also partners or sponsors in the following organizations: 
Careers Next Generation
Dawson's Path Project
Engineers without Borders
G(irls) 20 Summit
Impact Society - HEROES program
National FFA Organization
Stephen's Backpacks for Children in Need Society
TransCanada Alberta Backstage Series-SKUA Radio Network
TransCanada's Alberta Music Series -EPCOR
University of Calgary - The School of Public Policy
WordFest - TransCanada Reads 
 R. Davies, "ND3358," 2012. [Online]. Available: http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/2893665. [Accessed 25 October 2013].
 Orlando, Elizabeth. United States. Department of State, “Keystone XL Project,” WestLaw Database. 2011. [Online]. [Accessed 22 October 2013].
 L. Song, "Keystone XL Primer: How Six States are Dealing with the Pipeline," 5 January 2012. [Online]. Available: http://www.hcn.org/articles/on-keystone-xl-route-states-allow-different-risks-reap-different-benefits/print_view. [Accessed 12 October 2013].
 Castle Coalition, "Legislative Center," 2002. [Online]. Available: http://www.castlecoalition.org/index.php?option=com_content&id=57. [Accessed 13 October 2013].
 Bernstein, "Nebraska Trial Could Delay Keystone XL Pipeline," The Washington Post, 4 August 2013.
 T. Genoways, "Keystone XL on Trial," Onearth, 27 September 2013. [Online]. Available: http://www.onearth.org/articles/2013/09/the-property-rights-case-that-could-block-the-keystone-xl-pipeline. [Accessed 5 October 2013].
 Wikimedia Commons. (2011). File: Ogallala Aquifer – Keystone XL.png [Online]. Available: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ogallala_Aquifer_-_Keystone_XL.png. [Accessed 21 October 2013].
 (2013). Agriculture, Energy, and Climate Change [Online]. Available: http://www.sustainabletable.org/982/agriculture-energy-climate-change [Accessed 10 October 2013].
 (2013). Other Uses of Petroleum [Online]. Available: http://www.petroleum.co.uk/other-uses-of-petroleum. [Accessed 21 October 2013].
 A. Textor. (2010). Top 16 Uses of Petroleum [Online]. Available: http://gasoilenergy.com/2010/04/top-16-uses-of-petroleum/. [Accessed 23 October 2013].
 L. Brown. (2009). Agriculture Industry’s Oil Addiction Threatens Food Security [Online]. Available: http://insideclimatenews.org/news/20090716/agriculture-industrys-oil-addiction-threatens-food-security. [Accessed 22 October 2013].
Figure 1: An oil pipeline http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/2893665 
Figure 3: Protestor tied to construction equipment http://insideclimatenews.org/news/20130523/defeat-keystone-environmental-movement-goes-beltway-grassroots 
 J. F. Marks, "The Oklahoman," 24 June 2013. [Online]. Available: http://newsok.com/keystone-xl-pipeline-protesters-stage-largest-action-yet-in-oklahoma/article/3855783. [Accessed 15 October 2013].
 K. Bagley, "inside climate news," 23 May 2013. [Online]. Available: http://insideclimatenews.org/news/20130523/defeat-keystone-environmental-movement-goes-beltway-grassroots. [Accessed 18 October 2013].
 R. Plushnick, "Ruling a Victory for Keystone XL Pipeline," Toronto Star, p. B1, 24 August 2013.
 D. Kashi, "TransCanada's Keystone XL May Be a Step Closer to Get Approval After Court Upholds Ruling," International Business Times, 11 October 2013. [Online]. Available: http://www.ibtimes.com/transcanadas-keystone-xl-may-be-step-closer-get-approval-after-court-upholds-ruling-over-sierra. [Accessed 20 October 2013].
 Wikimedia Commons. (2008). File: West. Texas Pumpjack.jpg [Online]. Available: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:West_Texas_Pumpjack.JPG. [Accessed 20 October 2013].
 TEEIC. Oil and Gas Resources and Their Uses [Online]. Available: http://teeic.anl.gov/er/oilgas/restech/uses/. [Accessed 19 October 2013].
 A. Heartwell, "The Story of #ForwardOnClimate," 350.org, 20 February 2013. [Online]. Available: http://350.org/en/about/blogs/story-forwardonclimate. [Accessed 15 October 2013].
 R. Breaux, "This is how we Draw the Line on Keystone XL," 350.org, 21 September 2013. [Online]. Available: http://350.org/about/blogs/how-we-draw-line-keystone-xl. [Accessed 13 October 2013].
 Great Plains Tar Sands Resistance, "Drawing the Line: Speech from GPTSR," Great Plains Tar Sands Resistance, 26 September 2013. [Online]. Available: http://gptarsandsresistance.org/drawtheline/. [Accessed 5 November 2013].
 TransCanada, "Reports Publications and Policies," 2013. [Online]. Available: http://www.transcanada.com/social/responsibility/2011/common/pdfs/TransCanada_2011_CRR_summary.pdf. [Accessed 17 October 2013].
 TransCanada, "Current Partnerships," TransCanada, 4 October 2013. [Online]. Available: http://www.transcanada.com/5823.html. [Accessed 19 October 2013].
Figure 5: Protestors rallying for #ForwardonClimate Credit: Shadia Fayne Wood of Project Survival Media http://350.org/en/about/blogs/story-forwardonclimate .
Figure 6: Protestors at a Draw the Line Rally. Credit: Great Plains Tar Sands Resistance http://gptarsandsresistance.org/drawtheline/ .
Figure 2: This figure shows the location and concentration of the Ogallala Aquifer. 
Figure 4: Oil Rig in Texas