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El Filibusterismo

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Rovie Doculan

on 14 March 2014

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Transcript of El Filibusterismo

History
El Filibusterismo
PI 100 WFX3 - Group 6
El Filibusterismo
Dedicated by Rizal
to Gomburza
"...I have the right to dedicate my work to you as victims of the evil which I undertake to combat."
Concept Review: Introduction
Concept Review:
Plot
Concept Review:
Characters
Concept Review:
Themes
Concept Review:
El Fili and the Revolution
"El Filibusterismo"
- Spanish for "The Filibuster" / "The Filibustering"
Interpretation by Blumentritt in the Leipzig journal
Unsere Zeit
:

"To the modern Spaniards,
'filibusterismo' = Idea of the breaking away of the colony from the mother country
'filibusteros' = Those who aspire for the realization of this idea"
- Has been translated as "The Reign of Greed"

(by Charles Derbyshire), "The Revolution" and "The Subversive"
Interpretation by Rizal as implied in the novel:
"All those who in modern civilized countries and under normal conditions would be considered good citizens, lovers of progress and enlightenment.
October 1887
- began writing it in Calamba while practicing medicine
1888
- made changes to plot and revised some chapters already written while in London
- wrote more chapters in Paris and Madrid
March 29, 1891
- finished manuscript in Biarritz
September 18, 1891
- Rizal had moved to Brussels to Ghent because:
(1) cost of printing in Ghent was cheaper than in Brussels
(2) cost of living was lower
(3) to escape from attraction of Suzanne Jacoby
- El Filibusterismo came off the press
July 5, 1891
- printing had to be suspended because Rizal could no longer pay and support himself
- Valentin Ventura - when he learned of Rizal’s predicament, he immediately sent him the necessary funds

· August 6, 1891
History
July 1891
- Press: F. Meyer-Van Loo Press
- Rizal paid by installment, where majority of his funds came from:
(1) His pawned jewels
(2) Earnings from Morga's Sucesos: some money from Basa and 200 from Rodriguez Arias
After publication
- Rizal immediately sent 2 copies to Hong Kong: 1 for Basa and 1 for Sixto Lopez
- Rizal gave original manuscript of El Fili and an autographed, printed copy to Ventura
- "Filibustero" learned by Rizal when Gomburza execution took place
Motivation
To download the slides for El Filibusterismo, just visit
bit.ly/el-fili-slides
Thank you!
Original Intention.
Rizal expressed his regret of killing Elias, and reasoned that when he published the Noli his health was very much broken, and was
unsure of being able to write the continuation
and speak of a revolution.
Change of Heart.
Rizal to Del Pilar: He was
haunted by certain sad presentiments
, and that he had been
dreaming of dead relatives and friends
before his 29th birthday. Hence, he wanted to finish the second part of the Noli at all costs.
Effect of Calamba Incident.
Rizal's ideas for El Fili
changed completely
when he heard about the Calamba incident and oppression of his family by the Spanish friars, in general. He considered the idea of revolution. His frustration and anger are evident in his portrayal of Simoun.
Purpose.
Rizal to Blumentritt: "I’ve not written it with any idea of vengeance against my enemies, but only for the
good of those who suffer and for the rights of Tagalog humanity
"
Themes
El Filibusterismo and the Revolution
Plot
Filipino Translation
"Madaling ipagpalagay na isang rebelde (pilibustero) ay lihim na umaakit sa liga ng mga panatiko ng mga prayle at mga paurong nang sa gayon, wala man sa loob na sumunod sa mga panunusol, ay dapat nilang panigan at paigtingin ang patakarang sumusunod lamang sa iisang layunin; ang maipalaganap ang mga kaisipan ng rebelyon sa kabuuang haba at lawak ng lupain, at mahikayat ang bawat pilipino sa paniniwalang walang katubusan liban sa seperasyon mula sa inang bayan."

-Ferdinand Blumentritt
The Characters
Simoun
wealthy jeweler who likes to wear blue-tinted glasses
confidant of the Captain General
Crisostomo Ibarra back to life
his cover was discovered by BASILIO
wanted to avenge
start a revolution
1. Reasons and Philosophies of the Revolution
For one’s freedom
For the country’s freedom

2. Planning for the revolution
Stockpiling of weapons
Encourage people to join the revolution
Creating a sophisticated plan

3. Hindrance to the revolution
Being uneducated
Being unpatriotic

4. Failure of the revolution
Revenge is the first priority
Being selfish to incite a revolution

El Filibusterismo and Noli Me Tangere
WHY?
The plots and subplots are stories of failure, defeat, and death
Moral tone is darker
Politics is more central
Rizal exposes thoroughly and systematically the decadence of the system as the beginning of a revolutionary situation

Chapter 39 of El Filibusterismo
Rizal shows Simoun’s path to be the wrong one
Armed revolution (Simoun)
Will not win by itself
Active nonviolent resistance (Padre Florentino)
Filipino people, in the face of oppression, must “endure and work”
Our misfortunes are our own fault
Filipinos must win freedom by deserving it

History
rescue Maria Clara from the convent
rebuke the EVILS of the Philippine society

El Filibusterismo
Basilio at Juli
Basilio-one of Sisa's sons, an aspiring, Juli's boyfriend
Juli- "Juliana de Dios", Basilio's girlfriend, daughter of Kabesang Tales
Kabesang Tales

1. Ibarra's Return
After 13 years, Ibarra came back as Simoun the jeweller. He was among the people in the steamship Tabo, which was sailing on Pasig river on the way to Laguna
former cabeza de baragay of
Sagpang
later on became known as the bandit named "Matanglawin"
son of Tandang Selo
dies with the hands of his own grandson, Tano (guardia civil)

2. Cabesang Tales' Hardships
Cabesang Tales and his family cultivated a piece of land. When he was about to harvest his crop, a religious order lays claim to the land and demands annual rent. He agreed but every year the rent keeps going up
He went to the court to demand a proof of the order’s ownership but after a long and expensive litigation, he lost the case. He was abducted by bandits demanding ransom. Her daughter, Juli, borrowed money from Hermana Panchang to pay the ransom and agreed to work as a servant.

Telesforo Juan de Dios
Don Custodio
"Custodio Salazar y Sanchez de Monteredondo"
married a rich woman to be part of Manila's high society
Famous journalist
was asked by his students re: decision for Academia de Castellano
Paulita Gomez
Isagani's girlfriend
niece of Donya Victorina
Marries Juanito Pelaez (teachers' favorite, part of a well-known Spanish clan)
Leonor Rivera was said to be the inspiration for this character
Padre Florentino
Isagani's godfather
a secular priest who was supposed to get married but opted to enter priesthood
chose to be assigned in a remote place
Inspiration: Fr. Leoncio Lopez
Isagani
poet; Paulita's boyfriend
Vicente Ilustre
Rizal's friend from Madrid
Came from Batangas
said to be Rizal's inspiration for this character
Padre Fernandez
Isagani's priest friend
promised that other priests shall give-in to the student's demands
Quiroga
Chinese businessman
dreamed of being a Consulate of China in the Philippines
Hid Simoun's weapons inside his house
3. Christmas Eve
On Christmas Eve, Basilio visited the grave of his mother and a stranger, Elias. Through Capitan Tiago, he was able to study and he was planning to marry Juli.
Basilio was about to leave the forest, when he saw Simoun. Simoun tried to convince him to cooperate in his plans of avenging but Basilio told him revenge would not bring back his mother and brother.

Simoun visited Cabesang Tales’s house to sell his jewelry to the rich people of San Diego.
The following day, Simoun discovered that his revolver had been stolen by Tales. News circulated in the town that three people had been murdered: the friar administrator, the new tenant and his wife.
A piece of paper with the word “Tales” written in blood was found near the dead tenant’s wife.
Placido mets and joined Simoun in his trip around the city. Placido learned that Simoun is organizing a revolution in order to rescue Maria Clara from the convent.
5. Maria Clara's and Kapitan Tiago's Death
Basilio was studying in Capitan Tiago’s house when Simoun arrived and tried to convince Basilio to assist in the revolution. Basilio informed Simoun that Maria Clara was dead. Simoun left weeping, tormented, and bereaved.

Basilio and other students were arrested by soldiers after finding posters of revolution in the University.

Capitan Tiago died and he had willed his properties to Sta Clara, to the pope, to the archbishop and to religious corporations.
6. Basilio's Imprisonment
Juli was deeply troubled as she heard the news about Basilio’s imprisonment. She was compelled to ask for the help of Padre Camorra.
In jail, Basilio learned about Juli’s death.
Simoun befriended Don Timoteo Pelaez, who was busy preparing for the wedding of his son to Paulita Gomez
7. The Lamp
Basilio was released from prison and immediately approaches Simoun to help him in his plans.
Simoun directed Basilio to meet Tales at a designated time to get the rifles he hid in Quiroga’s warehouse.
Simoun was to place a dynamite-laden lamp during the wedding that would explode to signal the attack.
Basilio was about to leave the place when he saw Isagani. He told Isagani about the lamp. Isagani then rushed to the house and quickly threw the lamp into the river to save his love, Paulita.

8. Close to the end
Simoun went to Padre Florentino’s house to hide from the guardia civil.
After taking a poison, he informed Padre Florentino of his true identity.
Padre Florentino reprimanded him, saying that freedom can’t be won through violence and bloodshed but by education, constant work, and suffering.
Saan ito makikita sa Diliman
¿Dónde podemos encontrar esto en Diliman
Doculan, Fulgencio, Manguera, Marfito, Marquez
The Cover
Full transcript