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Literacy Rates

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Tricia Lewis

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of Literacy Rates

Timeline 1700's 1800's 1900's Present Day 0 + - = 9 8 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 c Literacy Rates Problem Japan is a prime example of creating laws to prohibit extraordinary learning. Their education emphasizes diligence, self-criticism, and well-organized study habits. Most of the schools goal is to teach correct attitudes, moral values, and to develop character while helping shape a proud Japanese citizen that is both literate and accustomed to the values of culture and society. Japanese children consistently rank at or near the top in successive international tests. Japan highly prioritizes education. Education is valued and educational achievement is often a necessity for success in work and in society. Because of this Japan has made laws regarding specific regulations and guidelines on education. This has lead Japan to be one of the world’s most technological advanced nation and to have a near perfect literacy rate of 99%. c Literacy Rates in Africa Now According to UNSECO in sub-Saharan Africa, more than 1 in 3 people can't read or write, which equals to over 176 million adults that are illiterate in just sub-Saharan Africa. Ages 15-24, 47 million are illiterate. Over 21 million adolescents are not in schools, based upon gender, and the government doesn't spend money on educational needs. This causes over 32 million primary aged do not have an education, and they have to provide themselves with some sort of education. Whether it be from their parents, and very little that they do know, or from semi-educated peers. How schools came about! More Solutions Education All Around The World Literacy Rates! All around the World! Literacy Rates What is wrong with literacy rates now? Literacy rates in the world vary on a very wide scale. In continents like the United States, Russia, Australia, and South Africa, the literacy rates are almost 100%. On the other hand, large countries in Africa have a literacy rate of barely over 35%. The continents like Africa does not have the money it takes to build a school, or find literate people to become teachers. According to this graph, in the southern regions of Africa, which is also known as 'Sub-Saharan Africa' are less literate than Northern Africa. " Sub-Sahran Africa is the region below the Sahara desert. A low literacy rate can affect just about everything a person does in their life after graduating. It will influence the career they choose, the amount of money they make, and the areas where they can afford to live. Many people are leaving high school with a dangerously low literacy rate, not knowing the consequences of poor learning, a lack of motivation or interest in academics, or even just the lack of proper learning tools, and what effect it can have on their futures.
Low literacy rates have been directly correlated to crime rates. Daily life is difficult for people with low literacy, as they are likely to feel frustrated. People with low literacy skills usually have insufficient problem-solving skills. As a result, they often feel isolated and vulnerable, and many of them feel like outcasts. This may partially explain why people who are not very literate are statistically more likely to be involved in crime, either as the offender or the victim. This concept helps explain why crime rates are higher in neighborhoods where a high percentage of people have low literacy. Relates to Standard This subject relates to the Standard of SS7G4- which states that...
SS7G4- The student must be able to describe the diverse cultures of people who live in Africa

c-Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the standard of living

This standard relates to our project when we talk about the literacy rates in Africa and how low the standard of living is because there are not enough literate people to have a good job that pays enough for themselves, and their family, which sometimes forces kids to go out and find jobs just to provide nearly enough for the rest of the family. Kids have to skip school just to work out in the fields, or find jobs in factories. "The decline of literature indicates the decline of a nation." -Johann Wolfgang Africa & Japan Long Term Effects 1704 – Private school opened for Africans and American Indians in New York City by Elias Neau, a Frenchman. 1731 - The African School for Blacks was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by Anthony Benezet, founder of the Abolitionist Society. 1750 – Private evening school established for Africans in Philadelphia by Anthony Benezet, founder of the Abolitionist Society. 1788 - State of New Jersey made teaching enslaved Africans to read compulsory, with a penalty of 5 pounds. Relation to a country Solution Low literacy rates can be easily solved but it will take time, money and patience. Laws can be made to ensure that all citizens in a country get a minimum level of education. Going to a school can be unaffordable to many in these countries. That is why a law can be made stating that all citizens should receive a minimum of a high school education and offer a decent subsidy for those wanting to move into higher degrees. If one wishes to further expand on their degree and specialization beyond, say, a bachelor’s degree, they must pay for the rest of their education. Making laws like this can make sure that a country’s literacy rate is dramatically increased.
“Art is literacy of the heart.”
- Elliot Eisner 1807-December: In a meeting held at the African Free School, John Teasman and Peter Williams Jr. plan an event to celebrate the coming abolition of the slave trade. Principal John Teasman introduces the Lancasterian (or monitorial) system of education to the African Free School.

1809- The opening of an evening school at the African Free School's Cliff Street location.

1813-By order of the legislature of the State of New York an act is established calling for payments from the Common School Fund to the African Free School and other schools in the City of New York.
1904-Educator Mary McLeod Bethune founds a college in Daytona Beach, Florida specifically for the blacks. The college today is known as Bethune-Cookman University.

1906- Alain Locke of Philadelphia, a Harvard graduate, becomes the first African American Rhodes Scholar.

1907-A Black Rural School Fund was established by Anna Jeanes, aimed at improving education for rural southern African Americans To this present day, African Americans still struggle to get the equality they deserve. Blacks are still discriminated against all across the world. Just because of the color of their skin, this neglects them from getting the education that they really need In an annual report from the Department of Education said the overall dropout rate was unchanged from 1992. All told, 3.4 million people aged 16 to 24 were high school dropouts, with 381,000 dropping out last year. Now reasons for people dropping out of school do vary, but the most common reason is a lack of motivational teachers. Many times a kid cannot learn well due to a lack of interest in the lessons at school. Hiring teachers that are more motivational and teach students by their personal learning style can encourage students to want to learn more. Hence, the literacy rate is increased. Finland is a great example for his particular solution. All the teachers are prepared in universities. Teachers are highly respected and appreciated in Finland, partly because all teachers must have a master’s degree to qualify for a permanent job. Finland improved its public education system by strengthening the educational professions and making sure teachers are well prepared and have a great support system. Their high level knowledge and skills means that Finnish teachers can have a lot of independence in their classroom to choose their preferred appropriate academic methods. That makes teachers more willing to work on themselves and be more open to new ideas and broader perspectives. They are eager to be involved in the school’s development. Increasing literacy rates is a country’s most top priority. If it isn’t solved now, it can only get worse. Solving literacy rates opens a gateway of beneficial things for a country. You find more ways to solve problems quickly and efficiently, when you have a nation of highly educated individuals. The standard of living of a country is increased when the literacy rate is also increased. This is because there are more, better quality, and more advanced jobs open to an individual or population that has a higher literacy rate, especially high-paying jobs. Increasing the literacy rate of a country can only mean progress, and progress is what every country strives for. How will we pay? Increasing literacy rates require many things, money being high on the list. There are many ways we can fund our goal of increasing literacy rates. A country can have fundraising events, like marathons, to raise money. All the money raised can go to investment in human capital and ways to raise a country’s literacy rate. Doing this causes the country to unite for a main cause, increasing their literacy rate. Another way to raise money is to borrow money from the World Bank. Since the goal of the World Bank is to reduce poverty and to improve the living standards of the people in low and middle-income countries . We can try to negotiate a deal with them. If we can convince them to provide money for the latest instruments for education we can, in return, pay them back every year with interest of about 10-20%. Of course for a low literacy rated country to pay back The World Bank with interest, they must have some success. I suggest that we give and guide a country a “trial run”. We will help and guide them for about 5 years and if their literacy rates do not increase then the country must pay back the World Bank. To make sure that everything is being done fairly and justly, a council should be made up. It can include financial representatives from the World Bank and educators from each main district or region. This way, the more prominent problems can be solved so the literacy rates can quickly increase.
Using about 10-25% of the money that goes to funding war can be a good solution too. As an example, The United States, on average, spends $720 million on funding wars each day . Imagine if 10-25% of that money, about $72 million dollars can be used to make better schools, hire better teachers, and invest in more human capital in this country or poor African countries. With this solution, it might even be possible to reduce the numbers of wars a country engages in and just maybe the world benefits from education.
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