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History Revision Guide

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by

Divashri Balakrishnan

on 27 April 2017

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Transcript of History Revision Guide

Definition of Key Terms in History

Chronology
-putting events in order of the time they happened.
Objective
-not influenced by personal emotions/feelings;judged on true facts.
Interpretation
-someone's personal opinion/feeling on something
Fact
-based on true information; opposite of interpretation.
Source
-a piece of resource/information that is true and you can use for guessing the result of something.
Significant -
did something that changed/made an impact on the world.
Empathy
-putting yourself in someone else's shoes





History Revision Guide
Dates into a Chronological order
Greeks
(500BC - 320BC)
Romans
(753BC- 1453AD)
Vikings
(800AD - 1050AD)
Elizabethan era
(1558 - 1603)
Victorian era
(1837 - 1901)
Twentieth century
(1901 - 2000)
reasons why people moved from Britain to America
Prisoners
- People who committed crimes were sent to a different country

Slaves
- People who were slaves were sold to others and stayed in a different country for a long time.

Royalists
- People left because their kings were
executed and the parliament ruled England.

Farmers
- People moved to other countries because their harvests and crops didn't grow.
Interpretation and Fact
Interpretation
- Somebody's opinion or view of something.

Fact
- A thing that is known or proved to be true.
Horatio Nelson: Why was he famous and significant
Famous:
Nelson's eye got damaged by splinters but he didn't stop fighting.
Nelson had other ideas of how to defeat the French navy, he didn't wait for the ships to come instead he went all the way to Cadiz.
Contents
Slide 1 - Definition of key terms in history
Slide 2 - Putting dates into a chronological order
Slide 3 - four reasons why people moved from britain to america
Slide 4 - Difference between interpretation and fact
Slide 5 - horatio nelson: why was he famous and significant
Slide 6 - What was life like in the medieval town
Slide 7 - 1066: three contenders of the throne who thought they should be king
Slide 8 - Battles in 1066
Slide 9 - why william won the battle of hastings
Slide 10 - Domesday Book: How it was used to help william
Slide 11 - feudal system: How it helped william to control England
Slide 12 - Bayeux Tapestry : was it a reliable source of information
Slide 13 - motte and bailey castle: strengths and weaknesses
Life in the Medieval Town
1066: THree contenders of the throne

Significant:
He kept fighting after being injured which inspired many people .
He protected Britain ever since then other countries were afraid of attacking.
Battles of 1066: Order of these Battles
Battle of Fulford - Harald Hadraada against the English army
Location : Outskirts of the village of Fulford near York in England.
Harald Hadraada won
Battle of Stamford Bridge - Harold Godwineson against Harald Hadraada and Tostig Godwineson.
Location : Stamford Bridge, England
Harold Godwineson won
Battle of Hastings - Harold Godwineson against William of Normandy
Location : Hastings, East sussex, England
William of Normandy won

The three contenders to be king were Harald Hadraada,Harold Godwineson and William of Normandy.

Harald believed he should be king as the previous kings were Norwegian so he believed he should be king.He was also king of Norway so he had experience.

Harold believed he should be king because he was British so he knew what it was like in England and he was also Edward's brother-in-law.

William believed he should be king as he was Edward's cousin so he was actually blood related to Edward. William also gave shelter when Harold attempted to kill Edward
WHy William the conqueror won the battles of 1066
Reason 1 :
He shot Harold Godwineson in the eye by an arrow, that made him win the battle.

Reason 2 :
William was better prepared for the battle. His men were well fed and rested.

Reason 3 :
Williams army were stronger than Harold's. Lots of Harold's men were just farmers, but all the Norman soldiers had good weapons.

Reason 4:
William had good tactics. when the Normans pretended to retreat, the saxons ran after them breaking their own shield wall. This meant that when the Normans turned back, the Saxons were not well defended.

How the Domesday Book was used to help William
The Domesday book provides records of landholders, their tenants, the amount of land they owned, how many people occupied the land, any buildings present etc. This information was used so that William could decide how much to tax people.
People weren't allowed to carry weapons or wear masks for safety purposes.
Criminals were put in the stocks or the pillory. Crimes such as theft were punished severly.

Negatives :
The streets of the Medieval town was narrow and busy. With the town crier, church bells and traders calling out their wares.
Everyone had a curfew. When the bell rang it was time to go home.
Positives :

How the feudal system was used to help william
The Feudal system helped William because he was complete control under it, he owned all the land in the country and decided who he would lease the land to. Before they were given any land they had an oath to remain faithful to the King at all times. The land were given to people according to their ranks.
Motte and bailey castle
Strengths :
The drawbridge could be closed to provide additional protection.
The castle were quick to build and could be made in about a week.
Weaknesses :
The keep was the last line of the defense (not very strong)
They could be easily destroyed by fire-arrows.
Once an enemy enters there is no way of escaping.


Bayeux Tapestry : Reliable Source of information?
The Bayeux Tapestry tells the story, in pictures, of the events leading up to and including the Battle of Hastings. It was an embroidered piece of cloth. It was made in the 1070's.
This doesn't necessarily have to be a reliable source because women sew this cloth and women didn't fight the war, so they wouldn't exactly know about the Battle of Hastings.
Watch some Videos
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