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Transcript of 1929-1945
National Film Board
The creation of the National Film Board of Canada (NFB) is the central event in the history of Canadian cinema. The NFB; founded May 2 1939, has pioneered developments in social documentary, animation, documentary drama and direct cinema; and it has been a continuing initiator of new technology. Originally, the NFB was designed as a moderately staffed advisory board. But with the demands of wartime production by 1945 the NFB had grown into one of the world's largest film studios with a staff of 787. More than 500 films had been released, including 2 propaganda series, shown monthly both in Canadian and foreign theaters.
Bennett was elected during one of the worst times in canadian history; the great Depression. In 1930, Bennett tried to fight the depression by imposing tariffs for imports from outside the british empire. He promised that this would blast Canadian markets into world exports. The result ended up being the complete opposite. Around 25% of previously employed workers were now unemployed. Many young, single, unemployed men rode the rails in search for work. The government provided some support to canadians including vouchers for necessities and labour camps. To put things into perspective this time was so bad for canadians they did not have any cash to spare for gasoline and maintinece of their Ford model T cars. This resulted in having their vehicles pulled by horses and named "the Bennett Buggie". In summation, although Bennet raised taxes with the best of intentions the result was complete failure, this event left an eternal mark on canadian citizenship.
The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews. Canada, although not directly linked to the Holocaust, was greatly affected by the tragedy. Canada's restricting immigration policy closed the doors on jews wanting to escape Europe. Canada's wartime policies put nearly 2,300 men in camps across Canada as "Enemy Aliens" (1940). These men were mostly jewish Refugees from Austria and Germany. This affected canadian citizenship as 40,000 Holocaust survivors, resettled across the country after the war.
The Manhattan Project
The Manhattan Project was a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada. The project was a desperate effort by the Canada and US to beat the Nazis to the development of a nuclear weapon. It was a huge 130,000 people effort that cost over $2.2 billion. This involvement and contribution from Canada was a big event in creating the identity of Canada.
How the NFB affected Canadian Heritage
By the late 1920's many canadians were tuning into american stations. This along with the primary steps of canadian radio,led the federal government, in 1928, to establish a royal commission to advise on the future of broadcasting in Canada. January 1, 1941, was the big day. The formal opening of the CBC News Service. Several special radio broadcasts took place in the 1940s including Winston Churchill's speech from the House of Commons in Ottawa. By mid decade, a number of private radio stations were affiliated with the national network and a total of 43 hours of French and English programs were being broadcast daily, compared with 10 hours just a few years earlier in 1936. In summation the CBC was a big part of capturing breaking news and other important events, the CBC molded the way for radio and greatly affected canadian heritage.
And affect on Canadian heritage
and his affect on canadian citizenship
From 1937-1939 refugees were not welcome in Canada. A number of individuals and groups called on the federal government to admit refugees to Canada, particularly Jewish refugees. Prime Minister mackenzie King did not agree with this and instructed his representatives to not approve any measures of support to assist refugees. A refugee crisis developed in Europe, with people desperately trying to flee the Nazis...but Canada still refused to take refugees, standing by its general policy. This restricted immigration to just American citizens, British subjects and agriculturalists with economic means.In 1938, in the infamous St. Louis incident, Canada forced over 900 Jewish refugees to return to Europe where the majority were killed by the Nazis. With Canada entering ww2, new regulations were passed which stopped the entry or landing in Canada of immigrants from the countries with which Canada was fighting against. Three years after the start of ww2 Canada's immigration reached a century low; only 7,576 immigrants.
Impact on canadian citizenship
affect on canadian citizenship
affect on canadian identity
The government arranged with Britain for canadian forces to join the attack on Sicily in July 1943. Canada was heavily engaged in the Sicilian campaign as part of the British Eighth Army, and therefore a part of the December 1943 advance up the mainland of Italy.Canadians played a leading role in breaking the hitler boundries in Liri Valley (Italy). These battles cost Canada the most amount of casulties in the Italian battle. These victories sparked so much excitment in canadians that Canadian troops began to ask for their return to join the main Canadian force in Northwest Europe.
The Aggression by Italy
Affect on canadian identity
Canada's Signing of the United Nations universal Declaration of Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, was a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot, Paris. With the end of World War II and the holocaust, and the creation of the United Nations, the international community vowed never again to allow atrocities like those of that conflict happen again. It has affected Canada in a positive way as Canada is known to be one of the most diversified and multicultural country in the world. Canada has been a consistently strong voice for the protection of human rights and the advancement of democratic values, from our central role in the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1947/1948 to our work at the United Nations today.
The Hate Crime Law took place on August 16th, 1933. The Criminal Code of Canada states that a hate crime is committed to intimidate, harm or terrify not only a person, but an entire group of people to which the victim belongs. The victims are targeted for who they are, not because of anything they have done. Canada has been affected by the Hate Crime law significantly as Canada is a very accepting country and does take action towards discriminatory or derogatory actions. This really speaks for Canada's heritage and how it has opened the eyes of many people who are starting to realize that there is absolutely no reason to harm a group for who they are.
Below is a picture that really shows hate crime as derogatory terms are being used on Muslims for absolutely no reason.
affect on canadian citizenship
Hate Crime Law
affect on Canadian identity