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TH [S14]-Classes 9-13

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Sergio Costola

on 23 August 2014

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Transcript of TH [S14]-Classes 9-13

Brunelleschi's First Experiments in Perspective Nigel Konstam demonstrates
Perspective
1.Function: noun Etymology: Middle English perspectyf, from Medieval Latin perspectivum, from neuter of perspectivus of sight, optical, from Latin perspectus, past participle of perspicere to look through, see clearly, from per- through + specere to look -- more at PER-, SPY; archaic : an optical glass (as a telescope)
2. Function: noun Etymology: Middle French, probably modification of Old Italian prospettiva, from prospetto view, prospect, from Latin prospectus -- more at PROSPECT
1 a : the technique or process of representing on a plane or curved surface the spatial relation of objects as they might appear to the eye; specifically : representation in a drawing or painting of parallel lines as converging in order to give the illusion of depth and distance b : a picture in perspective
2 a : the interrelation in which a subject or its parts are mentally viewed <places the issues in proper perspective>; also : POINT OF VIEW b : the capacity to view things in their true relations or relative importance <urge you to maintain your perspective and to view your own task in a larger framework -- W. J. Cohen>
3 a : a visible scene; especially : one giving a distinctive impression of distance : VISTA b : a mental view or prospect <to gain a broader perspective on the international scene -- Current Biography>

4 : the appearance to the eye of objects in respect to their relative distance and positions
Perceptual methods of representing space and volume, which render them as seen at a particular time and from a fixed position and are characteristic of Chinese and most Western painting since the Renaissance, are in contrast to conceptual methods.
Egyptians did not try to draw a cat, but they drew cat; the basic rule was that all essentials of the subject, whether actually visible at the same time or not, ought if possible to be shown because they were there.
Masaccio, Trinity (1427cs.)
Alan Greenspan
Chairman of the Federal Reserve (1987-2006)
What's an Ideology?
What is so amazing, however, is that this subject, the most esoteric of mysteries in all Christianity, should be the first example ... of Brunelleschi's new perspective. One can only assume ... that by painting this sacred subject ... viewers would behold it "just like [the prophets] see God or his divine mysteries behind the images and likenesses of sensible things"; that is, as a mirror reflection literally of the "real" Trinity in heaven, just as Antonino preached in his sermon on Coritnhians 1:13
Edgerton, 78
Metaphysical subject in human scale
New International Version (NIV)

13 If I speak in the tongues[a] of men or of angels, but do not have love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal. 2 If I have the gift of prophecy and can fathom all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have a faith that can move mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing. 3 If I give all I possess to the poor and give over my body to hardship that I may boast,[b] but do not have love, I gain nothing.

4 Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. 5 It does not dishonor others, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. 6 Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. 7 It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres.

8 Love never fails. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; where there is knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in part, 10 but when completeness comes, what is in part disappears. 11 When I was a child, I talked like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I put the ways of childhood behind me. 12 For now we see only a reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known.

13 And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love.
Edgerton, 87
Alazhen (965-1040)
The Camera Obscura
From Perspectiva Naturalis to Perspectiva Artificialis
Edgerton's claim (41)
Saint Paul's first Epistle to the Corinthians 1:13:
"For now we see through a glass darkly, but then face to face"
Videmus nunc per speculum in enigmate: tuc autem facie ad faciem.

Quadrivium
Arithmetic
Geometry
Music
Astronomy
Trivium
Grammar
Rhetoric
Logic
Liberal Arts
(1404-1472)
The Veil
Gustave Courbet, L'origine du Monde (1866)
Marchel Duchamp,
Etant donnés (1946-1966 ca)
Annie Speinkle, Public Cervix Announcement (1990)
Full transcript