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THE CONSTITUTION: Art. 1
Transcript of THE CONSTITUTION: Art. 1
Signed Sept. 17, 1787
Ratified June 21, 1788
70 delegates appointed, 55 showed up, 39 signers
Author: James Madison
Shortest and longest-lasting
Used by 100 countries
7 Articles, 27 Amendments
1. The legislature will be bicameral
2. House of Representatives
5. Rules and procedures
6. Privileges and restrictions
7. Bills and laws
8. Delegated powers
9. Limits on legislature
10. Limits on states
The House of Representatives: "The House" "The People's House"
The Senate: "The Upper House"
Maria Cantwell (D)
2 from each state (100)
6 year terms
1/3 up for election every 2 years
30 years old
9 years a citizen
Tries impeachment (2/3 to convict)
Approves treaties and Pres. appointments
Patty Murray (D)
Derek Kilmer (D)
ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS:
Current # of members in House
Each state's legislature decides time, where and
manner of holding elections for Representatives
Must meet once a year on the 1st Monday
in December. (Keeps schedule from Executive
control!) Changed to Jan. 3rd.
ection 5: Rules & Procedues
Each house can determine its own rules for proceedings, punishment for members, or expel a member with 2/3 vote.
Each house must keep a journal and publish it. No secrets! (What exceptions might there be?)
Section 6: Privileges and Restrictions
They set their own salary but don't
get any raises until after next election.
Paid out of the Treasury
$174,000/year + benefits
Can't be arrested (Conditional!)
Cannot hold another office in govt.
Section 7: Bills & Laws
Senators originally elected by State Legislatures.
17th Amendment: Senators elected by direct vote like Representatives.
Bills raising $ start in the House. (**Power of the Purse**)
How a bill becomes a law
(Videos at end of lecture)
Override a Veto
Section 8: Delegated Powers
Section 9: Limits on Leg.
The Legislature canNOT
Suspend Habeas Corpus
No Bills of Attainer
No Ex Post Facto Laws
Favor 1 state over another
Use $ that hasn't been appropriated!
Section 10: Limits on States
1. Raise taxes
2. Run a debt
3. Regulate commerce
4. Make naturalization
5. Coin money
7. Establish post office
8. Copyright/patent laws
9. Create inferior courts
10. Deal with Pirates
11. Declare War
12 Raise Army
13. Raise Navy
14. Regulate army/navy
15. Call up National Guard
16. Regulate National Guard
17. Govern the Capitol
18.** Make all laws "Necessary & Proper to carry out first 17 laws.
Can't enter into treaties
long list, but...
....basically States can't do what the 17 powers given to the Congress can do!
Good 7 minute recap
2 year terms
25 years old
7 years a citizen
Power of impeachment
Starts all appropriation bills
Breaks Electoral College tie
Speaker of the House
President Pro Temp.
7 min, more detailed explaination
of how a bill becomes a law.
Theee classic... 3 min.
3rd in line for Presidency!
6th Congressional District