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History of Rock 2/14/12
Transcript of History of Rock 2/14/12
do you associate with the '70s?
The '70s: An Overview
In the seventies, the music industry was expanding rapidly in size and power.
Rock and roll had become mainstream--older and middle class audiences were listening to rock, but their younger, working class counterparts were attracted to music with a stronger beat, loud distored guitars, and simple, sexually oriented, escapist lyrics.
Politically, America was a society exahausted by past and ongoing struggles over human rights issues, the military was still in Vietnam, civil rights protests were still in full swing, and President Nixon resigned in disgrace.
Led Zeppelin were an English rock band, active in the late 1960s and throughout the 1970s. Formed as the New Yardbirds in 1968, they consisted of guitarist Jimmy Page, singer Robert Plant, bassist/keyboardist John Paul Jones, and drummer John Bonham.
The band are widely considered to be one of the most successful, innovative and influential groups in the history of music.
After changing their name, the band signed a favourable deal with Atlantic Records that allowed them considerable artistic freedom.
Led Zeppelin did not release songs from their albums as singles in the United Kingdom, as they preferred to establish the concept of album-orientated rock.
Their first two albums, with their heavy, guitar-driven blues rock sound, led to Led Zeppelin being regularly cited as one of the progenitors of heavy metal and hard rock, even though the band's individualistic style drew from varied sources and transcends any single music genre.
Their next two albums incorporated wider musical influences, particularly from folk music; the fourth, untitled album, which featured the track "Stairway to Heaven", is among the most popular and influential works in rock music, and it cemented the status of the group as "superstars".
Subsequent albums saw greater musical experimentation and were accompanied by record-breaking tours, which, like the group's previous, earned them a reputation for excess.
Although they remained commercially and critically successful, in the later 1970s the band's output and touring schedule were limited by the personal difficulties and circumstances of the members. Led Zeppelin disbanded following Bonham's sudden death in 1980.
The Zeppelin Influence: Hard Rock and Heavy Metal
Alice Cooper, a band name adopted by lead singer Vince Furnier, was known for its provocative theatricality. Among other things, Furnier generally donned a boa snake for a scarf.
Kiss took theater a little further, wearing greasepaint makeup and platform shoes and spitting fire and blood, as smoke and firebombs exploded aroung them.
Ozzy Osbourne took it one step further, using images of animal mutilation to advance his career.
The Softened Version of the Hard Rock Sound
Some bands softened musical elements of the hardrock-heavy metal fomula on their way to mainstream success.
Bad Company scored major success, as did:
New Hampshire's Aerosmith (with Jaggar look-alike front man Stephen Tyler)
Boston's Boston (guitarist-composer-electronics wizard Tom Sholz layered sounds in his basement studio),
San Francisco's Journey
Seattle's Heart featured two sisters, Nancy and Ann Wilson, more acoustic guitar, lyrical senstivity, and less onstage posturing.
Art rock and progressive rock became common terms to describe British bands who created lush, well orchestrated music while expounding on the world through lyrics.
Pink Floyd, who began as the darlings of the London psychedelic underground, shifted gears when leader Syd Barrett lost touch with reality and was replaced by guitarist David Gilmour.
Floyd created two major lengthy works, the Dark Side of the Moon and Roger Waters-conceived epic The Wall.
Yes produced lushly orchestrated works with a revolving lineup that included guitarist Steve Howe, keyboardist Rick Wakeman, and drummer Bill Bruford.
King Crimson relied on the considerable talents of guitarist Robert Fripp.
Fleetwood Mac began in 1967 as a blues-revival group led by former Mayall guitarist Peter Green.
The band was named for the rhythm section of drummer Mick Fleetwood and bassist John McVie--known for a distinctive, elementary, yet forceful rhythmic style.
Having moved to LA, they auditioned and hired singer-songwriters Lindsay Buckingham and Stevie Nicks and recorded the gem Fleetwood Mac (#1, 1975).
Their follow-up, Rumours, (#1, February 1977), was recorded as relationships between the McVies and Buckingham and Nicks fell apart.