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Intro to Study Comparative

Methods used to compare countries
by

Terri Ritchey

on 2 December 2016

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Transcript of Intro to Study Comparative

Ways to study the different countries
Comparative Methodology
Analyzing state/nation using structural approach model (process)
Case Study
Comparing different countries using a variety of methodology with statistical methods and subjective analysis
Comparative Study Approach
Qualitative
Or
Quantitative Methodology
Looks at Dependent Variable
Comparative Method
Look at similar structures, but
Dependent variable varies
Most Similar Approach
Structure is different from one case studied to another, but dependent variable is similar from case to case
Most Different Approach
Ways elements all link together to make policy
Process
: Interest groups & individuals INPUT-to policymakers, impacted by media, public opinion, elections and FEEDBACK from public as well as rest of ENVIRONMENT, (i.e. international community)
System
: Government OUTPUT of policies and recruitment, communication and socialization by government and parties
Qualitative:
Small number of cases studied using statistical methods and subjective analysis
Examines a small number of cases
Ex:Study political and economic impact of REVOLUTIONS in Russia, China
Revolution in Russia produced new political structure and economic freedoms
Lead by Worker Rebellion
Revolution in China produced new economic freedoms
Lead by Peasant Rebellion
Study both UK and USA as Democracies (similarity of structure), but look at amount of budget (dependent variable) spent on military and how it varies
Look at Participation (dependent variable) in UK (different structure) as compared to Participation in China (different structure)
UK: Free & competitive elections, Active voluntary civil society

China: No competitive elections
Active civil society of State sponsored organization,some voluntary organizations that must be registered with the State
(ping pong clubs are BIG)
Comparative Politics
Factors
Study domestic politics of countries to compare domestic political institutions, processes, polices, conflicts and attitudes
USE SCIENTIFIC METHOD TO EXAMINE COUNTRIES
HDI, Gini Index, Freedom House,Transparency International
1) HDI measures quality of life (education, basic services)
2) Gini Index measures income inequality
3) Freedom House measures civil and political rights
4) Transparency International measures corruption, openness of gov)


Looks for connections/correlations
Relating 2 VARIABLES together

Ex: poor economy relates to
increase in conflict

Correlation DOESN'T prove causation!
Poor economy doesn't prove it caused conflict

EX: The way we studied USA GOVERNMENT
Quantitative:
Large number of cases studied using statistical methods and subjective analysis

Empirical Questions-using factual data to
study country (look at life expectancy rates between countries) and ask what happened and why. It can be proven. ex: It's 82 degrees today.

Normative Questions-value, opinion related insights "what if or what should be" (If Russia allowed more internet access, it would be a better place to live) It can't be proven. ex:Green is a prettier color than red.
Deductive Reasoning-logical premise to reach a conclusion
Inductive Reasoning-observations used to establish generalities
Defense Budget
USA 569.3
China 190.0
UK 66.5
Russia 53.2
Full transcript