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Conditionals

УМК "Английский в фокусе" для 10 классa общеобразовательных учреждений

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Transcript of Conditionals

Conditionals К УМК О.В. Афанасьевой, Дж. Дули, И.В. Михеевой, Б. Оби, В. Эванс "Английский в фокусе" для 10 класса общеобразовательных учреждений К уроку 6с - Grammar in Use Автор: Полушкина Гульчачак Форзановна,
учитель английского языка КОГОАУ "Лицей естественных наук" Киров, 2012 Conditionals: type 0 Type O conditionals are used to express a general truth or a scientific fact. In this type of conditionals we can use when instead of if If-Clause Main Clause If/When + present simple present simple If/When water reaches 100 degrees, it boils. If/When you touch a fire, you get burned. Conditionals: type 1 Type 1 conditionals are used to express a real or very probable situation in the present or future. If-Clause Main Clause If/When + present simple future simple, imperative, can/must/may, ect. + bare infinitive If I have enough money, I'll buy some new stamps. She'll miss the bus if she doesn't leave soon. When the hypothesis comes before the main clause, we separate the two parts with a comma. When the main clause comes before the if-clause, then we do not use a comma to separate them. NOTE: With type 1 conditionals we can use unless+affirmative verb (=if+negative verb).

He will not speak to me unless I apologise.
(If I don't apologise, he will not speak to me.) Conditionals: type 2 Type 2 conditionals (unreal present) are used to express imaginary situation which are contrary to facts in the present, and therefore, are unlikely to happen in the present or the future. We can use either were or was for 1st and 3rd person singular in the if-clause. We can also use the strusture If I were you, .... to give advice. If-Clause Main Clause If + past simple/past continuous would/could/might + bare infinitive If I had a pet, I would look after it. If she wasn't playing the piano today, we could go for a walk. Conditionals: type 3 Type 3 conditionals (unreal past) are used to express imaginary situation which are contrary to facts in the past.They are also used to express regrets or criticism. If-Clause Main Clause If + past perfect/past perfect continuous would/could/might + bare perfect infinitive If I had known her adress, I would have visited her. If she had been studying that hard she would have passed her exams. Exercise 1 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.

1. If you ... (put) some water in the fridge, water ... (freeze).
2. If you ... (eat) much more junk food, you ... (have) some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the country, I ... (gather) a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You ... (feel) better unless you ... (sleep) enough.
5. If I were overweight, I ... (go) to the gym.
6. I wish I ... (pay) more attention to my health when I was young. Keys:
1. If you put some water in the fridge, water freezes.
2. If you eat much more junk food, you will have some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the country, I would have gathered a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You will not feel better unless you sleep enough.
5. If I were overweight, I would go to the gym.
6. I wish I had paid more attention to my health when I was young. Exercise 2 Choose the correct answer.

1) If you ate green foods, you will/would keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy.
2) If you eat red foods, it will/would protect you from many serious illnesses.
3) If you had eaten orange foods, It would have improved/would improve your powers of concentration.
4) Unless you eat yellow foods, you will/won't feel down in the dumps.
5) If I were you I will/would eat blue foods.
6) I wish I eat/had eaten purple foods. Keys:
1. If you put some water in the fridge, water freezes.
2. If you eat much more junk food, you will have some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the lived in the country, I would have gathered a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You will not feel better unless you sleep enough.
5. If I were overweight, I would go to the gym. Wishes We can use wish/if only to express a wish. Verb form Use +past simple/past continuous I wish he was not singing right now. (but he is)
If only I were going to the theatre tonight. (but I am not) to say that we would like something to be different about a present situation + past perfect I wish I had followed your advice. (but I didn't)
If only I hadn't been so selfish. (but I was) to express regret about something which happened or didn't happen in the past + subject + would + bare inf. I wish you wouldn't be so impolite to people.
If only you would stop shouting. to express:
a polite imperative
a desire for a situation or person's behaviour to change. NOTE:
If only is used in exactly the same way as I wish but it is more emphatic or more dramatic.
We can use were instead of was after "wish" and "if only".
I wish I was/were young again. Keys:

1) If you ate green foods, you would keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy.
2) If you eat red foods, it will protect you from many serious illnesses.
3) If you had eaten orange foods, it would have improved your powers of concentration.
4) Unless you eat yellow foods, you will feel down in the dumps.
5) If I were you I would eat blue foods.
6) I wish I had eaten purple foods. Exercise 3 Write sentences, as in the example:
You wanted to lose your weight but you ate a lot of ice-cream.
If I hadn't eaten so much ice-cream, I would have lost my weight.

1) You want to go to the gym but you have to work late.
2) You wanted to be fit but you continued to stuff yourself with fast food.
3) You want to enjoy a home-cooked dinner with your family but you have to go on business trips.
4) You wanted to cook dinner but you had no vegetables left. Keys:
1. If you put some water in the fridge, water freezes.
2. If you eat much more junk food, you will have some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the lived in the country, I would have gathered a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You will not feel better unless you sleep enough.
5. If I were overweight, I would go to the gym. Keys:

1) If you ate green foods, you would keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy.
2) If you eat red foods, it will protect you from many serious illnesses.
3) If you had eaten orange foods, It would have improved your powers of concentration.
4) Unless you eat yellow foods, you will feel down in the dumps.
5) If I were you I would eat blue foods.
6) I wish I had eaten purple foods. Keys:

1) If I didn't have to work late, I would go to the gym.
2) If I hadn't continued to stuff myself with fast food, I would have been fit.
3) If I didn't have to go on business trips, I would enjoy a home-cooked dinner with my family.
4) If I had had some vegetables left, I would have cooked dinner. Exercise 4 Translate.

1) Если ты будешь делать зарядку по утрам каждый день, ты будешь сильный и здоровый.
2) Пока ты не избавишься от вредных привычек, ты не будешь здоровым.
3) Если бы ты не ел так много, у тебя бы не болел живот.
4) Если бы ты не проводил много времени перед компьютером, у тебя было бы больше времени для прогулок на свежем воздухе.
5) Если бы ты делал достаточное количество упражнений, ты бы не страдал от сердечных приступов.
6) Мне жаль, что ты не учился усерднее. Keys:
1. If you put some water in the fridge, water freezes.
2. If you eat much more junk food, you will have some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the lived in the country, I would have gathered a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You will not feel better unless you sleep enough.
5. If I were overweight, I would go to the gym. Keys:

1) If you ate green foods, you would keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy.
2) If you eat red foods, it will protect you from many serious illnesses.
3) If you had eaten orange foods, It would have improved your powers of concentration.
4) Unless you eat yellow foods, you will feel down in the dumps.
5) If I were you I would eat blue foods.
6) I wish I had eaten purple foods. Keys:

1) If I didn't have to work late, I would go to the gym.
2) If I hadn't continued to stuff myself with fast food, I would have been fit.
3) If I didn't have to go on business trips, I would enjoy a home-cooked dinner with my family.
4) If I had had some vegetables left, I would have cooked dinner. Keys:

1) If you do morning exercises every day, you will be strong and healthy.
2) Unless you get rid of your bad habbits, you won't be healthy.
3) If you didn't eat to much, you wouldn't have a stomach ache.
4) If you hadn't spent hours in front of your computer, you would have had more time for walking in the fresh air.
5) If you had taken enough exercises, you wouldn't have suffered from heart attacks.
6) I wish you had studied harder. Информационные ресурсы Английский язык. 10 класс: учеб. для общеобразоват. учреждений/[О.В. Афанасьева, Дж. Дули, И.В. Михеева и др.]. - 4-е изд. - М. : Express Publishing : Просвещение, 2011. - 248с.:ил.
http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2010/12/01/article-0-00C1E1D21000044C-732_468x288.jpg Keys:
1. If you put some water in the fridge, water freezes.
2. If you eat much more junk food, you will have some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the lived in the country, I would have gathered a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You will not feel better unless you sleep enough.
5. If I were overweight, I would go to the gym. Keys:

1) If you ate green foods, you would keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy.
2) If you eat red foods, it will protect you from many serious illnesses.
3) If you had eaten orange foods, It would have improved your powers of concentration.
4) Unless you eat yellow foods, you will feel down in the dumps.
5) If I were you I would eat blue foods.
6) I wish I had eaten purple foods. Keys:

1) If I didn't have to work late, I would go to the gym.
2) If I hadn't continued to stuff myself with fast food, I would have been fit.
3) If I didn't have to go on business trips, I would enjoy a home-cooked dinner with my family.
4) If I had had some vegetables left, I would have cooked dinner. Thank you for attention! http://namonitore.ru/uploads/catalog/nature/rog_izobiliya_1600.jpg http://www.turinfo.ru/images/content/object_14951_rest/51.2.jpg http://img1.liveinternet.ru/images/attach/c/3/75/153/75153721_large_gim1.jpg http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TcWwk-2TLo4 Ссылка на видео
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