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Conditionals

УМК "Английский в фокусе" для 10 классa общеобразовательных учреждений

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Transcript of Conditionals

Conditionals
К УМК О.В. Афанасьевой, Дж. Дули, И.В. Михеевой, Б. Оби, В. Эванс "Английский в фокусе" для 10 класса общеобразовательных учреждений
К уроку 6с - Grammar in Use
Автор: Полушкина Гульчачак Форзановна,
учитель английского языка КОГОАУ "Лицей естественных наук"
Киров, 2012
Conditionals: type 0
Type O conditionals
are used to express a
general truth
or a
scientific fact
. In this type of conditionals we can use
when
instead of
if
If-Clause
Main Clause
If/When + present simple
present simple
If/When
water
reaches
100 degrees, it
boils.
If/When
you
touch
a fire, you
get burned
.
Conditionals: type 1
Type 1 conditionals
are used to express a
real
or
very probable
situation in the
present
or
future
.
If-Clause
Main Clause
If/When + present simple
future simple, imperative, can/must/may, ect. + bare infinitive
If
I
have
enough money, I
'll buy
some new stamps.
She
'll miss
the bus
if
she
doesn't leave
soon.
When the hypothesis comes before the main clause, we separate the two parts with a comma. When the main clause comes before the if-clause, then we do not use a comma to separate them.
NOTE:
With type 1 conditionals we can use
unless+affirmative verb (=if+negative verb).

He will not speak

to me
unless
I apologise.
(If I don't apologise, he will not speak to me.)
Conditionals: type 2
Type 2 conditionals (unreal present)
are used to express
imaginary situation which are contrary to facts in the present
, and therefore, are
unlikely to happen in the present or the future
. We can use either
were
or
was
for 1st and 3rd person singular in the if-clause. We can also use the strusture
If I were you, ....
to give advice.
If-Clause
Main Clause
If + past simple/past continuous
would/could/might + bare infinitive
If
I
had
a pet, I
would look after
it.
If
she
wasn't playing
the piano today, we
could go
for a walk.
Conditionals: type 3
Type 3 conditionals (unreal past)
are used to express
imaginary situation which are contrary to facts in the past
.They are also used to express regrets or criticism.
If-Clause
Main Clause
If + past perfect/past perfect continuous
would/could/might + bare perfect infinitive
If
I
had known
her adress, I
would have visited
her.
If
she
had been studying
that hard she
would have passed
her exams.
Exercise 1
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.

1. If you ... (put) some water in the fridge, water ... (freeze).
2. If you ... (eat) much more junk food, you ... (have) some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the country, I ... (gather) a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You ... (feel) better unless you ... (sleep) enough.
5. If I were overweight, I ... (go) to the gym.
6. I wish I ... (pay) more attention to my health when I was young.
Keys:
1. If you
put
some water in the fridge, water
freezes
.
2. If you
eat
much more junk food, you
will have
some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the country, I
would have gathered
a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You
will not feel
better unless you
sleep
enough.
5. If I were overweight, I
would go
to the gym.
6. I wish I
had paid
more attention to my health when I was young.
Exercise 2
Choose the correct answer.

1) If you ate green foods, you
will/would
keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy.
2) If you eat red foods, it
will/would
protect you from many serious illnesses.
3) If you had eaten orange foods, It
would have improved/would improve
your powers of concentration.
4) Unless you eat yellow foods, you
will/won't
feel down in the dumps.
5) If I were you I
will/would
eat blue foods.
6) I wish I
eat/had eaten
purple foods.
Keys:
1. If you
put
some water in the fridge, water
freezes
.
2. If you
eat
much more junk food, you
will have
some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the lived in the country, I
would have gathered
a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You
will not feel
better unless you
sleep
enough.
5. If I were overweight, I
would go
to the gym.
Wishes
We can use
wish/if only
to express a wish.
Verb form
Use
+past simple/past continuous
I wish he
was not

singing
right now. (but he is)
If only I
were going
to the theatre tonight. (but I am not)
to say that we would like something to be different about a present situation
+ past perfect
I wish I
had followed
your advice. (but I didn't)
If only I
hadn't been
so selfish. (but I was)
to express regret about something which happened or didn't happen in the past
+ subject + would + bare inf.
I wish
you wouldn't be
so impolite to people.
If only
you would stop
shouting.
to express:
a polite imperative
a desire for a situation or person's behaviour to change.
NOTE:
If only
is used in exactly the same way as
I wish
but it is more emphatic or more dramatic.
We can use
were
instead of
was
after "wish" and "if only".
I wish I
was/were
young again.
Keys:

1) If you ate green foods, you
would
keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy.
2) If you eat red foods, it
will
protect you from many serious illnesses.
3) If you had eaten orange foods, it
would have improved
your powers of concentration.
4) Unless you eat yellow foods, you
will
feel down in the dumps.
5) If I were you I
would eat
blue foods.
6) I wish I
had eaten
purple foods.
Exercise 3
Write sentences, as in the example:
You wanted to lose your weight but you ate a lot of ice-cream.
If I
hadn't eaten
so much ice-cream, I
would have lost
my weight.

1) You want to go to the gym but you have to work late.
2) You wanted to be fit but you continued to stuff yourself with fast food.
3) You want to enjoy a home-cooked dinner with your family but you have to go on business trips.
4) You wanted to cook dinner but you had no vegetables left.
Keys:
1. If you
put
some water in the fridge, water
freezes
.
2. If you
eat
much more junk food, you
will have
some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the lived in the country, I
would have gathered
a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You
will not feel
better unless you
sleep
enough.
5. If I were overweight, I
would go
to the gym.
Keys:

1) If you ate green foods, you
would
keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy.
2) If you eat red foods, it
will
protect you from many serious illnesses.
3) If you had eaten orange foods, It
would have improved
your powers of concentration.
4) Unless you eat yellow foods, you
will
feel down in the dumps.
5) If I were you I would eat blue foods.
6) I wish I had eaten purple foods.
Keys:

1) If I didn't have to work late, I would go to the gym.
2) If I hadn't continued to stuff myself with fast food, I would have been fit.
3) If I didn't have to go on business trips, I would enjoy a home-cooked dinner with my family.
4) If I had had some vegetables left, I would have cooked dinner.
Exercise 4
Translate.

1) Если ты будешь делать зарядку по утрам каждый день, ты будешь сильный и здоровый.
2) Пока ты не избавишься от вредных привычек, ты не будешь здоровым.
3) Если бы ты не ел так много, у тебя бы не болел живот.
4) Если бы ты не проводил много времени перед компьютером, у тебя было бы больше времени для прогулок на свежем воздухе.
5) Если бы ты делал достаточное количество упражнений, ты бы не страдал от сердечных приступов.
6) Мне жаль, что ты не учился усерднее.
Keys:
1. If you
put
some water in the fridge, water
freezes
.
2. If you
eat
much more junk food, you
will have
some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the lived in the country, I
would have gathered
a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You
will not feel
better unless you
sleep
enough.
5. If I were overweight, I
would go
to the gym.
Keys:

1) If you ate green foods, you
would
keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy.
2) If you eat red foods, it
will
protect you from many serious illnesses.
3) If you had eaten orange foods, It
would have improved
your powers of concentration.
4) Unless you eat yellow foods, you
will
feel down in the dumps.
5) If I were you I would eat blue foods.
6) I wish I had eaten purple foods.
Keys:

1) If I didn't have to work late, I would go to the gym.
2) If I hadn't continued to stuff myself with fast food, I would have been fit.
3) If I didn't have to go on business trips, I would enjoy a home-cooked dinner with my family.
4) If I had had some vegetables left, I would have cooked dinner.
Keys:

1) If you do morning exercises every day, you will be strong and healthy.
2) Unless you get rid of your bad habbits, you won't be healthy.
3) If you didn't eat to much, you wouldn't have a stomach ache.
4) If you hadn't spent hours in front of your computer, you would have had more time for walking in the fresh air.
5) If you had taken enough exercises, you wouldn't have suffered from heart attacks.
6) I wish you had studied harder.
Информационные ресурсы
Английский язык. 10 класс: учеб. для общеобразоват. учреждений/[О.В. Афанасьева, Дж. Дули, И.В. Михеева и др.]. - 4-е изд. - М. : Express Publishing : Просвещение, 2011. - 248с.:ил.
http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2010/12/01/article-0-00C1E1D21000044C-732_468x288.jpg
Keys:
1. If you
put
some water in the fridge, water
freezes
.
2. If you
eat
much more junk food, you
will have
some problems with your health.
3. If I had lived in the lived in the country, I
would have gathered
a lot of berries and mushrooms.
4. You
will not feel
better unless you
sleep
enough.
5. If I were overweight, I
would go
to the gym.
Keys:

1) If you ate green foods, you
would
keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy.
2) If you eat red foods, it
will
protect you from many serious illnesses.
3) If you had eaten orange foods, It
would have improved
your powers of concentration.
4) Unless you eat yellow foods, you
will
feel down in the dumps.
5) If I were you I would eat blue foods.
6) I wish I had eaten purple foods.
Keys:

1) If I didn't have to work late, I would go to the gym.
2) If I hadn't continued to stuff myself with fast food, I would have been fit.
3) If I didn't have to go on business trips, I would enjoy a home-cooked dinner with my family.
4) If I had had some vegetables left, I would have cooked dinner.
Thank you for attention!
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