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Injection Drug Use

HEA 290 Injection Drug Use Presentation

Erika Maynard

on 28 April 2010

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Transcript of Injection Drug Use

Injection Drug Use Blood-Borne Infections Among IDUs Transmit viruses through:
high-risk drug use-sharing blood-contaminated syringes and injection paraphernalia
high-risk sex-unprotected sex, sex with many partners, failure to treat STDs
Objectives Injection Drug Users Risk Factors Common Injectable Drugs Substance Abuse and Addiction Why People Take Drugs Treatment Approaches Resources
Bluegrass Alcohol Counseling
236 East Main Street
Richmond, KY 40475
(859) 353-2528
Substance abuse treatment services

Fayette County DUI Services
3439 Buckhorn Drive, Suite 140
Lexington, KY 40515
(859) 971-9710
Substance abuse treatment services

Bluegrass East Comprehensive Care Ctr
Jessamine Counseling Center
324 Southview Drive
Nicholasville, KY 40356 (859) 885-6315x232
Mental health services with substance abuse treatment services

Call SAMHSA's Referral Helpline 24/7 at 1-800-662-HELP (1-800-662-4357)
Drug addiction…a disease?

Is continued drug abuse a voluntary behavior? Individual domain
Early aggressive behavior
Poor social skills Family domain
Parents or older family members who abuse alcohol or drugs
Lack of parental supervision
Environmental domain
Drug availablity
Poverty No single factor determines whether a person will become addicted to drugs. To feel good.
To feel better.
To do better.
Because others are doing it and curiosity Heroin
Methamphetamine 1.No single treatment is appropriate for all individuals.
2.Treatment needs to be readily available.
3.Effective treatment attends to multiple needs of the individual, not just his or her drug use.
4.At different times during treatment, a patient may develop a need for medical services, family therapy, vocational rehabilitation, and social and legal services. Erika Maynard
HEA 290 Syringe Exchange Programs Harm Reduction Method
Help stop blood-borne infection transmission by providing clean needles to IDU's.
Also provide other services.
An IDU is an injection drug user or someone who uses a syringe to inject illegal drugs into their body.

It is estimated that there are 11.6 million IDUs worldwide (International Harm Reduction Association, 2008).
In 2002 and 2003, 354,000 (0.2 percent) persons aged 12 or older had used a needle to inject heroin, cocaine, methamphetamines, or other stimulants during the past year (SAMHSA, 2005).

In 2002 and 2003, males were twice as likely as females to report past year injection drug use (SAMHSA, 2005).

The last time they used a needle to inject drugs, 13.1 percent of past year injection drug users knew or suspected that someone else had used the needle before them, and 18.1 percent used a needle that someone else used after them (SAMHSA, 2005).

Injecting drugs produces a faster high. 5.Remaining in treatment for an adequate period of time is critical for treatment effectiveness.
6.Individual and/or group counseling and other behavioral therapies are critical components of effective treatment for addiction.
7.Medications are an important element of treatment for many patients, especially when combined with counseling and other behavioral therapies.
8.Addicted or drug-abusing individuals with coexisting mental disorders should have disorders treated in an intergrated way. 9. Medical detoxification is only the first stage of addiction treatment and by itself does little to change long-term drug use.
10. Treatment does not need to be voluntary to be effective.
11. Possible drug use during treatment must be monitored continuously.
12. Treatment programs should provide assessment for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and other infectious diseases, and counseling to help patients modify or change behaviors that place them or others at risk of infection.
13. Recovery from drug addiction can be a long-term process and frequently requires multiple episodes of treatment (NIDA, 2007).
What is a IDU?
Risk Factors of Drug Users
Common Injectable Drugs
Substance Abuse and Addiction
Why do people take drugs?
Blood-borne Infections among IDU’s
Syringe Exchange Programs
Treatment Approaches References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). Syringe exchange programs --- united states, 2005. MMWR Weekly, 56(44), Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5644a4.htm

International Harm Reduction Association. (2008). ‘Global State of Harm Reduction 2008: Mapping the response to drug-related HIV and hepatitis C epidemics’

National Institute on Drug Abuse, (NIDA). (2007, April). Drugs, brain, and behavior the science of addiction. Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov

Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2005, April 8). Injection drug use update: 2002 and 2003. Retrieved from http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/ivdrug/ivdrug.htm

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