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Structure of UK Political System

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by

Andrew Wilson

on 19 September 2017

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Transcript of Structure of UK Political System

Executive - The executive is the organ that exercises authority in and holds responsibility for the governance of a state. The executive executes and enforces law.
It gets more complicated...
Can you identify the following?
Quick Fire Quiz
Multi-Layered Government
The UK
Executive - PM and Cabinet

Legislative - Parliament

Judiciary - Supreme Court
Separation of Powers
The role of Parliament is to hold the Government (executive) to account, scrutinise what they are doing and pass laws.

The Government is made up of Members of Parliament...
The Government is formed by the party with the biggest majority in the House of Commons...
The PM appoints members to the House of Lords...

Where is the balance of
actual
(political) power in the UK?
Parliament - not just the legislative branch!!!
The Civil Service...

Incredibly powerful...

Provides advice and assistance to the Government
Research
Writes the actual laws
Provides centralised services
Passports
Driving Licences
Helps the Goverment implement policies...
The actual hard bit...but...can be very difficult to deal with...very entrenched ways of thinking...can block policies they think are difficult to implement...EVERY Prime Minister has complained about them
Last bit...
Structure of UK Political System
UK Parliament
House of Commons
The Monarch-in-Parliament
The House of Lords
Devolved Governance
Scottish Parliament
Welsh Assembly
Northern Irish Assembly
London Mayor and Assembly
Legislative - A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
Judiciary - The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
Who is who in the UK?
The UK DOES not have a system of separated powers - power is centralised in Parliament...doctrine of Parliamentary Supremacy
It keeps going...
Local Governance
County Councils (for example Hertfordshire County Council)
Parliament
District Council
Borough Council
City Council
Parish, community and town councils
Some areas only have Tier 1 local governance
Some areas have joint authorities over 'city-wide' isses...police and fire - London Fire Service for example
Full transcript