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Musical Elements

A Basic Overview of the 5 Elements
by

Gabriele Hingelberg

on 9 November 2016

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Transcript of Musical Elements

What makes music come alive
Musical Elements
Melody
Form
The Art behind it all...
High
&
Low
Rhythm
2. Steady Beat
...The way a song is put together.
...is the combination of all these things mixed with
Use a
Metronome
to know!
How
Fast
?
How
#3. Tempo
(Sounds like the tick-tock of a clock!)
Used to look like this...
Then it looked like this...
Timbre
Musical Expression
A
A
B
For example:
1
2
3
4
7. Time Signature:
#1.
Rhythm
is a combination of
short
and
long
sounds.
6
8
3
4
4
4
In Classical Music
In Pop Music
Verse
Refrain
Refrain
Bridge
Verse
Refrain
?
Bass Clef
Treble Clef
... the tone quality
Texture
The simple or complex layers of sound
Pitches & Range
Now it looks more like this...
(There's an app for everything!)
Each Instrument has its own
unique
sound
Trumpet
Flute
Cello
Marimba
Oboe
Let's listen to a few...
a bright and brassy sound
a light and airy sound
(Brass)
(Woodwinds)
a smooth and rich sound
(Strings)
a clean and soft sound
(percussion)
Quarter Note
Eighth Note
Sixteenth Note
Eighth Note
Eighth Note
1 beat
Whole Note
Half Note
Half Note
Harmony
Do
Mi
When two or more notes are sung or played at the same time
represents what type of note receives the beat. (1 beat)
4 beats
2 beats
1/2 Beat
It all starts with the....
3 beats per measure
= 1 beat
equals the # of beats in each measure.
6 beats per measure
= 1 beat
= 1 beat total
1/2 + 1/2 = 1
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Here's an overview:
it might look like this...
it might look like this...
Section
Section
Section
(Woodwind)
Double Reed
players always look a little funny when they play!
Homophony
Polyphony
Monophony
...a single melody line of music
"One"
"Sound"
UNISON:
Many people play or sing the same melody.
"Same"
"Sound"
CHORDS:
3 or more notes played together.
"Many"
"Sounds"
Popular during the Renaissance and Baroque Era
Dynamics
Articulation
How loud or soft music is played
HOW
the notes are played in relation to one another.
Fortissimo
Forte
Mezzo Forte
Mezzo Piano
Piano
Very Strongly played
Strongly played (loud)
Not too loud
Not too soft
Soft
Pianissimo
Very softly played
Pianississimo
Softer than
(almost inaudible)
8. Top #
9. Bottom #
a bright and duck-like sound
Gradually growing Louder!!
Gradually growing softer
+
a little
heart

and a
message

from the
composer


YOU!

and
artist

+
to
The same pitch
Different pitch
Here the artist must interpret part of the composer's intention with the
slur
markings.
The first note in each set of slur should be emphasized.
Slurs indicate a
Legato
articulation where notes are played smooth and connected.
2 beats
Sixteenth Note
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Eighth Note
Sixteenth Note
1/2 Beat
= 1 beat total
1/2 + 1/2 = 1
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Sixteenth Note
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Quarter Note
Eighth Note
Sixteenth Note
1 beat
1/2 Beat
= 1 beat total
1/2 + 1/2 = 1
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Sixteenth Note
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Eighth Note
Sixteenth Note
1/2 Beat
= 1 beat total
1/2 + 1/2 = 1
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Sixteenth Note
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Eighth Note
Eighth Note
Quarter Note
Eighth Note
Sixteenth Note
1 beat
1/2 Beat
= 1 beat total
1/2 + 1/2 = 1
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Sixteenth Note
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Eighth Note
Sixteenth Note
1/2 Beat
= 1 beat total
1/2 + 1/2 = 1
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Sixteenth Note
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Eighth Note
Eighth Note
Quarter Note
Eighth Note
Sixteenth Note
1 beat
1/2 Beat
= 1 beat total
1/2 + 1/2 = 1
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Sixteenth Note
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Eighth Note
Sixteenth Note
1/2 Beat
= 1 beat total
1/2 + 1/2 = 1
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Sixteenth Note
1/4 beat
= 1 beat total
1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1
Chords
When 3 or more notes are sung or played at the same time
Here are 2 examples of
instruments that play
chords
...
Guitar
Piano
C
E
G
For Example
When played at the same time,
these notes create a
CHORD
This one is called C Major.
Legato...
notes are played smooth and connected
Staccato...
notes are played separated and detached.
...a combination of high and low pitches that create a line of music.
...One melody with harmonic support
...a complex texture when multiple melodies occur at the same time.
The notation for Staccato is a dot over or under the note(s).
Whole Rest
Half Rest
Quarter Rest
Dotted Half Note
.
.
Dotted Half Rest
3 beats
Staff: 5 lines and 4 spaces
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2 Eighth Notes
4 Sixteenth Notes
Eighth rest
1/2 Beat
Beat - The steady pulse in the music.
The
speed
of the beat.
Tells us how to read and Beat and Rhythm
Full transcript