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Rama Tulasi

on 5 August 2013

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Transcript of Hiroshima

Hiroshima and Nagasaki
presentation by Rama
historical context
historical context
historical context
historical context
historical context
at start of WW II (1939) the atomic bomb wasn't invented

scientists discovered about that time a powerful explosion
Manhattan Project :
The first atomic bomb :
Germany had already surrendered

World War II in Europe was over

Japan was defeated as well, but would not surrender

The US was contemplating an invasion of Japan

Army leaders figured that anywhere from 500,000 to 1 mio. US and Allied soldiers would die in an invasion

-> President Truman decided to drop the atomic
bomb instead
Any questions ?
Final word .....
The atomic bomb is a weapon of mass destruction, which has shown its effect in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
WE have to learn not to do the same mistakes again.
Thank you for your attention ......
Contents of the presentation :
1. historical context
2. Hiroshima
3. Nagasaki
4. acute sickness
5. long-term illness
The atomic bomb :
Albert Einstein :
came up with many of the theories

-> was frightened about what might happen if Hitler learned how to make the bomb first.

So he wrote a letter to US President Franklin Roosevelt (about the atom bomb)

-> Roosevelt set up the Manhattan Project.

research and development program for the atomic bomb

started small, but as the bomb became more real, the U.S. added scientists and funding

By the end of the project:
-> funding had reached $2 billion
-> around 200,000 people working on the project.
July 16, 1945 the first atomic bomb was exploded

The explosion was massive and the equivalent to 18,000 tons of TNT.

When President Harry Truman heard of the bomb's success he wrote
-> "We have discovered the most terrible
bomb in the history of the world".
Deciding to drop the Bomb :

an atomic bomb named ''Little Boy'' was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan

The explosion was huge

the city was destroyed

tens of thousands of people were killed

The bomb was dropped by a plane named the Enola Gay ( piloted by Colonel Paul Tibbetts
According to U.S. estimates 140.000 people were killed

The clothes of the victims were burned by the heat

85 % of Hiroshima's buildings were destroyed
after the terrible destruction Japan still refused to surrender

9th August , 1945 '' Fat Man '' was dropped on Nagasaki , Japan

40.000 people were killed

39 % of all buildings were destroyed
15th August 1945 Japan surrendered to US forces

Japan's Emperor announced this on the radio
various types of radiations emanate from the explosion

these radiative particles may last years or even centuries in dangerous amounts

gamma radiation caused thousands of cases of radiation sickness in Japan
Acute Effects
Hair Loss
symptoms of damage to muscous membranes
bleedding from gums
impeded blood - forming functions.
Leukemia and other cancers
Birth Defects
Long term damages
At this point I want to say , that these are just examples - there ARE so many other people suffering every day ..... even worst
'' War is over ..... If you want it . '' - John Lennon
share love ;) - Rama
http://www.hiroshimacommittee.org/Facts_NagasakiAndHiroshimaBombing.htm (accessed on 20 th January 2013)
http://www.history.com/topics/bombing-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki (accessed on 20th January 2013 )
http://history1900s.about.com/od/worldwarii/a/hiroshima.htm ( accessed on 20 th January 2013 )
http://www.ducksters.com/history/world_war_ii/ww2_atomic_bomb.php (accessed on 20 th January 2013 )
http://www.atomcentral.com/hiroshima-nagasaki.asp (accessed on 19th January 2013 )
picture : http://s1.ibtimes.com/sites/www.ibtimes.com/files/styles/article_slideshow_slide/public/2012/10/04/2011/08/09/144795-1945-atomic-bombings-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki.jpg ( accessed on 20 th January 2013 )
https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:04V1Q75bXAoJ:rutlandhs.k12.vt.us/eisenman/Files/US%2520History/world%2520War%25202/Hiroshima%2Band%2BNagasaki.ppt+hiroshima+and+nagasaki+presentation&hl=de&gl=de&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESiMGgg5Lv8LhMdOIPN-16EC0HUNYkqt8c7PXTk8tx3dlpZ4Xw5QhPlG_CWKCYaMkszOiLAlo_WvzMYsOfgdmLDq2wBlsXMlKttYYwEHXpSTK2jqaDN8oZJQJ_UMyGqb0563MJSb&sig=AHIEtbTP60KqJNRrClYfjaWTnCIl8D_z-g (accessed on 19 th Janauary 2013 )
Full transcript