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Greek Theatre Timeline

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megan & jessica

on 21 December 2012

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Transcript of Greek Theatre Timeline

Timeline of 7th Century B.C. Greek Theatre Arion at Corinth creates the idea of a chorus. 625 BC 6th Century B.C. 600-570 BC Cleisthenes, tyrant of Sicyon, transfers the idea of choruses to Dionysus, the god of wine and fertility. 540-527 Pisistratus, tyrant of Athens founded a festival called "City of Dionysia" in Athens, which paid homage to the Greek god Dionysus. During this festival, which took place during spring) men used to perform songs to welcome Dionysus. Plays were only presented at City Dionysia festival. This festival took place during the spring. 536-533 BC A man named Thespis, a Dionysian priest, stepped out of the chorus and took on the role of an actor. Thespis acted out a Dionysiac myth through spoken dialogue rather than a song, creating Greek tragedy. He is considered to be the first actor and the first playwright. 530 BC The popularity of tragedy plays lead Pisistratus, an Athenian tyrant, to construct a theater for the performance of tragedy, in Dionysus' honor. Under Pisistratus' rule, tragedy turned into a competition for the best play. The first recorded festival of Dionysus was instituted. The first recorded victory at the Dionysian Festival occurred that same year when Thespis, also a playwright, won the event 534 BC 525 BC Aeschylus, the first playwright for tragedy, is born. Aeschylus wrote many tragedies in Greek theatre, such as (467 BC);
(458 BC) and (458 BC).
Aeschylus also introduced the
second actor on stage. Pratinus of Phlius introduces the satyr play to the City of Dionysus festival. A satyr is comical character and a satire of people being half man, half goat. 500 BC Seven against Thebes Agamemnon Eumenides 496 BC Sophocles, another main tragedy playwright was born. Sophocles wrote many great Greek tragedies such as Ajax (445 BC) Antigone (441 BC), and Oedipus the King (429 BC). Also during his lifetime, he introduced the third actor on stage. 485 BC Euripides, one of the major tragedy writers, was born. Euripedes wrote many plays throughout his career. Some of the include: Medea (431 BC), Helen (412 BC) and Orestes (408 BC). 450 BC Aristophanes, a major comedy playwright was born. Aristophanes wrote the plays The Acharmians (425 BC), The Birds (414 BC) and the ever famous Lysistrata (411 BC) 5th Century, BC 4th Century, BC megan & jessica 380 B.C. Greek tragedies and comedies are critiqued by
the philosopher Plato in Plato's Republic. 330 BC Aristotle, another Greek philosopher defends Greek tragedies and comedies in his Poetics. the end
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