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The Life and Achievements of William Shakespeare

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by

Valerie Cortez

on 2 May 2014

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Transcript of The Life and Achievements of William Shakespeare

The brilliant playwright grew up in Stratford-upon-Avon.
In Stratford there was also the New King's School, most scholars believe he attended.
William Shakespeare was brought into this world on April 26, 1564
William also had two sisters Joan and Judith who were older than William, and three younger brothers, Gilbert, Richard, and Edmund
His father was a successful merchant and held high positions as a bailiff, which is an job resembling a mayor
Early Life
Before the Publicity
For seven years after the twins were born, there is no written record of any activity that Shakespeare had been involved with. Most scholars consider these the "lost years." The theories people have come to believe are that he sustained himself on other jobs before writing the plays that got him known. Scholars believe the jobs could have been:
an assistant schoolmaster in Lancashire
horse attendant at some of London's theaters
an actor

It wasn't until 1592 that William Shakespeare become a playwright in London, and received attention from many people around Europe.
Early Work
Married Life
Magdalena Landeros & Valerie Cortez
The Life and Achievements of William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare was married to Anne Hathaway on November 28, 1582. She was from a small village, called Shottery, and was the local farmer's daughter. At age 26, she was 8 years older than he was. Their first child, Susanna, was born 6 months later, on May 26th 1583. Two years later, the pair had twins, Hamnet and Judith, but at 11 years old, Hamnet passed away.
Susanna, on the left, and the twins, Hamnet and Judith are shown in this picture.
Soon after building his family, Shakespeare, moved from Stratford to London
By the year 1592 Shakespeare became a public figure in London for being an actor and playwright, showcasing himself at the famous Globe Theater
While The Globe was closed down because of the plague, Shakespeare took to writing poetry
Besides poetry, much of Shakespeare's early work consisted of histories and comedies.
Pieces such as
Much Ado About Nothing
,
Henry V
, and
The Two Gentleman of Verona are considered some of his early work
This is what the globe theater looked like from inside and outside.
Receiving Criticism
While many people were great fans of Shakespeare's work, there were still people who though he was a phony. Robert Greene, was a London playwright who believed this. He considered William to be a lowly man who was trying to make himself seem up to the level and skill of some of the other popular playwrights of the time, but without the proper capability. In an article of the Stationers' Register, a newspaper, he wrote about the works of Shakespeare and how little he thought of it. Though this may have been out of spite or jealousy, this is proof that although he was a great writer, and poet, there were some people who didnt think he compared.

Tragedies and Tragicomedies

Most scholars consider Shakespeare's later works to be those written after or in the year 1600. Some of the pieces written include
Macbeth
,
Hamlet
, and
Othello
. Most of his tragedies tell tales that include timeless themes such as betrayal, anger and exploring one's own moral ethics. These plays were so popular because they were easy to relate to because of the common issues between the characters in the play and the intended audience.
The last works produced by Shakespeare are known to be tragicomedies. Some of these are plays like
Cymbeline, The Winter's Tale
, and
The Tempest
. These tended to be darker dramas, but unlike the tragedies, they also had a warming resolution.



The Death of a Legend
On April 26th, 1616, William Shakespeare is believed to have died. Many scholars believe this is a myth, however we know for certain that his body was taken to the Trinity Church.
In his will,
he left most of his things to his daughter Susanna.
Although his wife Anne was entitled to one- third of his estate, it seems she didn't receive much other than the "second-best bed," which refers to marital bed.
Although this is made to suggest problems within the couple; traditional customs show the "first-best bed" is reserved exclusively for guests and honored people. The "second- best bed," is reserved for the mistress, or master of the house. As far as records show, the two were united, even in the death of Shakespeare.
Controversial Writing
About 150 years after the death of Shakespeare, questions started to arise about whether or not Shakespeare was actually the true author of the pieces accredited to his name. Some people even wondered if he was even a real person!
The reason behind this suspicion was the little evidence of a proper education that could have led Shakespeare to his literary gifts.
Scholars also worried about the little tangible evidence that William Shakespeare was who we say he is.
However, the critique he received and the paper evidence is proof that he was there, and that he is responsible for his work
Achievements
Altogether he wrote 154 sonnets
38 plays
2 narratives throughout his lifetime
Full transcript