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The Oregon Trail
Transcript of The Oregon Trail
Emigrants, wagons, and livestock all had to cross the river.
Before the ferry was established, river crossing required careful planning.
Crossing rivers were probably the most dangerous thing pioneers did.
Being run over by wagon wheels was the most frequent cause of injury or death.
Diseases and serious illnesses caused the deaths of nine out of ten pioneers.
Camping Along the Oregon Trail
There wasn't much wood, so the pioneers had to burn buffalo dung.
After a few days on the trail the emigrants would settle into a well defined daily routine.
They had a hour break for lunch and at about six p.m. they set up camp.
The emigrants circled their wagons to keep livestock together.
When the trail got crowed in 1849 and later camping became more difficult.
Native Americans on the Oregon trail: Help or Foe?
Oregon Trial Burials
Many emigrants caught Cholera and were for sure dead.
There was no known cure and they were to die in 24 hours or less.
They had no time to stop if they wanted to get to Oregon before winter.
Some were abandoned and left alone to die.
Others watched them dig their own grave and researchers show some were buried before they took their final breath.
*Traveled the Oregon Trail by two ox named Dave and Dandy.
The Oregon Trail
Stampeding herds of buffalo sometimes charged right through wagon trains.
Huge herds of buffalo roamed the high plains, often coming to the river to drink water.
White buffalo skulls were scattered among the grass.
Begun by a fur trader as Fort William in 1834
U.S Military purchased it and named it in honor of Jacques LaRamie in 1849.
Served many functions.
Been preserved as a National Monument
Preserved by National Park Service since 1937.
Was a vital supply point for wagon trails.
First established in 1843 by Jim Bridger & his partner Louis Vasquez as a trading post.
Different than Fort Laramie.
Crude collection of rough-hewn log buildings.
Was privately owned & operated by Jim Bridger.
Within a decade, Jim stopped operating the fort and moved on.
First military post on the Oregon Trail to protect emigrants.
Pioneers purchased food here.
Took advantage of mail service.
Buildings mostly made of sod.
Fun w/ Buffalo Dung
Buffalo droppings were inescapable.
Children on the trail would throw them around like frisbees.
Didn't have any firewood.
Buffalo dung burned odorless and very good.
They would gather chips and make a big group bonfire.
*He migrated from Iowa to the Pacific Coast.
*Decided to move from Iowa because of its winters.
*He also moved from Iowa in search of a farm and his family.
*He was the first mayor of Puyallup Washington
Million Dollar Wagon
*Henderson Luelling took his family to Oregon in 1846.
*Two extra wagons with apple, cherry, pear, plum and black walnut trees.
*He pampered the seeds on the trip.
*His orchids and fruit trees were a great success.
*William Barlow estimated the amount of money for the items he planted was one million dollars.
Resources/Works Cited Slide
*Shortcut that leads to the Oregon trail.
*Built in 1846 by Sam Barlow and Phillip Foster
Courthouse Rock/Jailhouse Rock
3 Island Crossing
Craters of the Moon
*Begins at the Dalles
*Heads South to Tygh Valley
*Turns West to the White River
*Crosses South of Mount Hood
*Follows Camp Creek and the Sandy River
*Leads to the Oregon Trail
"I have established a small fort with blacksmith shop and iron in road of emigrants. They, in coming out, are generally well supplied with money, but by the time they get there are in want of all kinds of supplies." - Jim Bridger
Chimney Rock is located twelve miles west of courthouse and jailhouse rock.
This landmark signaled the end of the prairies as the trail became more steep and rugged.
www.america101.us "Fort Bridger"
www.wikipedia.com "Fort Bridger"
www.historyglobe.com "Fort Laramie"
www.america101.us "Fort Kearny"
www.america101.us "Fun with BuffaloDung
www.wikipedia.com "Barlow Road"
www.wikipedia.com "Ezra Meeker"
www.EdHelper.com:The Story of Henderson Luelling
www.oregontrailcenter.org "Buffalo Stampedes"
www.america101.us "Native American on the Oregon Trail"
"Camping Along the Oregon Trail"
Devil's Gate is a natural rock formation.
It is located a few miles southwest of Independence Rock.
Map of the Trail
Independence Rock is 1,900 feet long, 850 feet wide, and 130 feet high.
The emigrants planned to get to Independence Rock by the fourth of July, if they did not make it in time they would be behind schedule. Of course they made in time.
CourtHouse Rock/ Jailhouse Rock
Jailhouse Rock and Courthouse Rock are located in Platte River Valley.
They were both the first landmarks seen by pioneers.
They twelve miles west from Chimney Rock.
Map of southwestern Wyoming showing location of South Pass at the headwaters of the Sweetwater River.
3 Island Crossing
The 3 Island Crossing is on the Snake River where 53,000 emigrants crossed.
Some taking the southern route did not cross the Snake River here at Three Island Crossing but stayed on the south side until they reached Fort Boise.
The problem with this route was the lack of grazing for livestock.
The Emigrants worried about Native Americans attacks but instead the Native Americans helped the emigrants with stuck wagons, and rescuing drowning emigrants.
Very few emigrants were ever actually killed by Native tribes.
Emigrants offered clothes and tobacco in exchange for Native American horses or food.
Craters of the Moon
It is located in the Snake River Plain in central Idaho.
The Monument and Preserve encompass three major lava fields and about 400 square miles (1,000 km2) of sagebrush steppe grasslands to cover a total area of 1,117 square miles (2,893 km2).
Independence Rock, named after wagon trains on the Oregon Trail tried to reach it by July 4th in order to cross the Rocky Mountains before winter, bears the names of many pioneers who carved their names in its surface.
It has over 5,000 named carved onto
It is a preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte River.
The Oregon Trail here was winding up towards South Pass.
One night when we were encamped on the south fork of the platte they came in such droves that we had to sit up and fire guns and make what fires we could to keep them running over us and trampling us into the dust. We could hear them thundering all night long. The ground trembled with vast approaching bands, and if they had not been diverted, wagons, animals, and emigrants would have been trodden under their feet. - Emigrant on the Oregon Trail in 1841