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The Effects Of Temperature On Balloons

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by

Jenna Thompson

on 17 February 2016

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Transcript of The Effects Of Temperature On Balloons

Hypothesis
Materials
2 latex balloons
2 empty 2-liter soda bottles
Access to a refrigerator/freezer
Pan of hot water
poster bored
Markers
Pen or pencil
Lab notebook

procedure
The Effects Of Temperature On Balloons
My hypothesis is that when the balloon is put into the pan of hot water, the volume of the air will rise and then the balloon will expand, this will happen because the particles in the balloon will warm up and want more space, so the particles will push off on the balloon, making the balloon bigger. Now when i put the balloon on the refrigerator, it will be the opposite. The volume of the air in the balloon will go down and the balloon will shrink, because of the particles when they get cold so they will get close together so they are not pushing of the balloon so it will shrink.
The effects of temperature on balloons
Results
Data
Effects of cold temperature
when balloons are put in cold temperatures, the balloon will start to shrink and crinkle, this happens because of the partials in the balloon will start to get closer together so the balloon will get smaller because when particles get cold they get closer together, then causing the balloon to shrink, also the intense cold will make the balloon to wrinkle.
First I pulled the neck of a balloon over the mouth of one of the bottles and placed it in the refrigerator. Then I pulled the neck of a balloon over the mouth of the second bottle and placed the bottle into a pan of hot water. Then I wrote down how the temperature was affecting the balloon. Then I thought about how the balloon would look in the refrigerator.Then I looked inside at the balloon in refrigerator. I thought about if it looked like how I predicted it would. Then I placed both bottles in the freezer. After several minutes, I checked on the balloons. Then thought and wrote down how the cold temperature affected the balloons. I used a piece of poster board and markers to sketch the balloons in each state in order to illustrate my results.
Purpose
My purpose is to figure out how balloons will effect on cold and hot temperatures. I wonder if the balloon will get bigger when the the balloon is in the hot pan of water, or if it gets too hot and the balloon will explode. But when the balloon is in the refrigerator, the balloon will deflate and start to eventually start to wrinkle after it has deflated because of the cold temperature, this is because the particles in the balloon get closer together when they are cold. But when they are hot, the particles push of on the surface it is in forcing it to expand.
After 3 minutes, the balloon in the hot water expanded. After 3 minutes, the balloon in the refrigerator contracted into the bottle and started to wrinkle. Nothing changed after my timer got to 5 minutes. Then I put the bottles into the freezer. After several minutes, I took the bottles out of the freezer. It turned out that my hypothesis was that opposite of what actually happened, the balloon that was in the pan of hot water wrinkled and even the bottle contracted, so what actually happened was the opposite of what I thought would happen.

After 3 minutes, the balloon in the hot water expanded.
After 3 minutes, the balloon in the refrigerator contracted into the bottle and started to wrinkle. Nothing changed after my timer got to 5 minutes. Then I put the bottles into the freezer. After several minutes, I took the bottles out of the freezer. It turned out that my hypothesis was that opposite of what actually happened, the balloon that was in the pan of hot water wrinkled and even the bottle contracted, so what actually happened was the opposite of what I thought would happen.

I put the balloon over the cap of the bottles, then I put one of them in the pan of hot water and the other in the refrigerator. After 3 minutes the one with the blue balloon in the pan of hot water expanded. The yellow balloon in the refrigerator was contracting into the bottle and was getting wrinkled. After 5 minutes the balloons stayed the same. I then put both bottles in the freezer. After a few minutes I took them both out of the freezer. The blue balloon/bottle that was in hot water was deflated and wrinkled and had contracted with ice on the outside. The yellow balloon/bottle that was earlier in refrigerator was expanded and the yellow balloon later started to expand as we took the bottle out of the freezer.
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