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Japanese Feudalism

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Amy Brower

on 13 February 2018

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Transcript of Japanese Feudalism

At the top of Japanese feudal system was the emperor;
, he held little power. He was merely a
1. Shogun
In 1192, a military leader called
Minamoto Yoritomo
had the Emperor appoint him shogun.
He set up his own capital in Kamakura, far to the east of the Emperor's capital in Kyoto, near present-day Tokyo.
Background Information
For almost 700 years after that, Japan was ruled mainly by a succession of shoguns, whose titles were usually passed on from father to son.
Sometimes the shogun's family would become weak, and a rebel leader would seize power from them, after which he would be named shogun and would start a new ruling family.
Background Information
Minamoto Yoritomo
Japan's First Shogun
Shoguns were the military leaders. They were often referred to as the "emperor's generals"
2. Daimyos
The daimyos answered only to the shogun.
They were
landowning nobility
in Feudal Japan.
The peasants worked their land and paid taxes in the form of rice.
In return, they
offered the peasants protection.
3. Samurai
4. Farmers or Peasants
5. Artisans
6. Merchants
The shogun was the political and military leader - THEY WERE THE "TOP GUY" DURING FEUDAL JAPAN.
The shoguns would rule in the name of the emperor, even though the emperor held little power during this time.
The government was called shogunate or
in Japanese.
Tokugawa Shogunate (
was the most famous shogun family and ruled for 15 generation (1603-1868)
10% of the population were warriors, or samurai
answered and pledged loyalty to their personal daimyo.
Samurai could possibly live in the daimyo's castle.
Due to Confucius beliefs, samurai were
educated and cultured
citizens (practiced poetry).
When a samurai died, all were supposed to bow. If they didn't follow these instructions, a person's head would be chopped.
According to Confucian ideals, farmers were "
productive members of society
" because they produced food for everyone.
In return for their service, the daimyo offered them

Artisans were
crafts people
that made beautiful and/or necessary goods.
The artisan class usually
lived on the outskirts of town
, separated from the samurai and the daimyo's castle.
Merchants were people that traded other's goods or shopkeepers.
Merchants were known as

because they would profit from other's hard work.
The upper class were forbidden to mix with the merchants.
Important Note
: During this time, the Japanese were VERY isolated from the rest of the world, so trading was not an important part of their society.
Even outsiders that were shipwrecked would be executed almost immediately.
Japanese Feudalism
(12th to 19th century)

While analyzing the Prezi notes, add the information to your social pyramid Google Drawing.

Watch the samurai video on your unit two notes.
Pay close attention to the idea behind the code of honor, the Bushido.

Be sure to record the information on your social pyramid.
What is feudalism?
Feudalism is a type of government common during the Middle Ages. Common people would work the land for nobles and in return the nobles would offer them protection.

The Japanese feudal system consisted of six, main tiers.

Daimyo's Castle
The End of Japanese Feudalism
In 1868, the emperor regained power during the
Meiji Restoration
The office of the shogun
and the samurai lost their power.
Japanese trading increased, and therefore, the power of the merchants increased.
After the Meiji Restoration, the new leader of Japan became Emperor Meiji.
For many years, especially starting in the 1600s, Japan focused on
The shogunate also banned Japanese people from leaving Japan and prohibited the construction of ships capable of ocean voyages.
Japan's geography helped it maintain its isolation for over many years because it is entirely surrounded by water.
Japan was able to restrict most ships from entering its ports and did not have to fear people entering the country by crossing land borders.
: Japan developed a very distinct culture, but later was behind other cultures regarding technology.

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