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China Travel Video
Transcript of China Travel Video
Be The First To Get A Ticket To Paradise Canada U.S.A. Meixco South America Africa China Europe By: Amanda Malayil and Maria Kulapurathazhe JFK AIRPORT India Greenland Here we go,
us! Introduction to China You Have Reached Your Final Destination Dedicated To Our Inspirational Teachers:
Mrs.Lipes and Mrs.Vazquez Location of China China's Geography and Climate China is located on the Eastern side of Asia. China is bordered around fourteen countries including India and Russia. China is also surrounded by the North China Plain and the South China Sea. China has an area about 9.6 kilometers and this is the third largest country in the world. Population China is the first most populous country in the world. China has more than one billion people. The population grows quickly in the country of China. Australia China has many geographical features. The Chinese civilizations started 5,000 years ago. The country of China has plains, mountains, and major bodies of water. The North China Plain is built up of soil from the Huang River. This part of China doesn't get much rain, therefore the climate is dry. In the South the climate is warm and is moist. Monsoons from the South China Sea bring heavy rains which is why the climate is wet. Historic Sites and Landmarks Major Cities,
Well Known Places Arts and Culture Religion and Philosophies Important People Festivals and Other Activities You Will Enjoy Everyday Life Great Wall of China The Forbidden City The Terra Cotta Warriors Shanghai Beijing Xian As the largest city in China, Shanghai is located in central-eastern China, next to the East China Sea. Shanghai is mainly sectioned into two parts: Pudong (east of the Huangpu River) and Puxi (west of the Huangpu River). Pudong is the new development zone. Since Shanghai is the largest city in China it is the most populated and it is the location of Buddhist temples, the Shanghai Yuyuan Garden, the Shanghai Museum, and much more. Beijing is the capital of China, the center of the nation's politics, culture and international exchanges and a modern metropolis full of diversity. Beijing is one of the six ancient cities in China together with Xian, Luoyang, Kaifeng, Nanjing and Hangzhou. It had served as the capital for the dynasties such as Jin, Yuan, Ming,and Qin. The top attractions in Beijing are the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace, and the Great Wall. We are sure you will enjoy touring this city! There are many important people in the country of China. There are rulers, philosophers, and famous people that play an important role in Chinese Civilization in the past and present. Xi'an, also called Changan is the largest city in north-west China. It had served as the nation's capital for 13 dynasties such as Western Zhou, Qin, Western Han and Tang for more than 1000 years. It is famous for historical importance.The top attractions in Xian are the Terra-cotta Army, Banpo Museum, Huaqing Hotspring, and more. Huaqing Hotspring The Great Wall of China was ordered to be constructed by the first emperor of China Qin Shi Huangdi. He ordered farmers and merchants throughout China to connect the walls built by previous rulers to protect China's borders from foreign attacks. Even though the construction project was a success, many lives were taken. The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in the middle of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. The Terra Cotta Warriors was an army of terra cotta or clay sculptures depicting the powerful army of China's first emperor, Shi Huangdi who feared for his life even after he was dead. He ordered the sculptures to be built and placed inside his tomb to protect himself from any invaders or attackers. The Terra Cotta Warriors are an important part of Chinese history. National Symbols Major Bodies of Water in China China has many major bodies of water. The seas that surround China are the Yellow Sea, the South China Sea, and the East China Sea. The Yellow Sea is a important habitat for many animals. The Yellow Sea is called yellow because the rivers that flow into the sea carries so much loess, (yellow- brown soil) that the water turns yellow.The South China Sea is part of the Pacific Ocean. There are many rivers that flow into the South China Sea including the Pearl River. The East China Sea is also a part of the Pacific Ocean. The Yangtze River is the largest river that flows in this sea.The East China Sea is connected with the South China Sea by the Taiwan Strait and it is connected to the Sea of Japan by the Korea Strait. This sea also opens in the north to the Yellow Sea. There are many rivers in China, but there are only three major rivers. The three major rivers are the Yangtze River, the Huang River, and the Pearl River. The Yangtze River is the longest and largest river in China and in Asia. This river flows across nine provinces and the city of Shanghai. It stops at the East China Sea. The Huang River or the Yellow River is the second longest river in China. It is called Yellow because of the loess that the waters carry. When the Yellow River floods, it deposits loess to the surrounding areas, such as the Loess Plateau. The Pearl River is the longest river in South China. Yangtze River The Huang/Yellow River The Pearl River The national bird of China are the Red Crowned Cranes. The national fruit of China are the kiwifruits. Clothing Food The Peony is the national flower of China. The Gingko Trees are known to be the national tree of China. Ping Pong is widely known around the world, but it is the national sport of China. The dragon is the mythical symbol of China and is considered to be a friendly beast. The national colors of China is red and yellow which is used on China's flag. The national flag of China was first adapted by Chinese mythology. The five stars are the five different parts of the world according to Chinese mythology. The national anthem of China is called The March of the Volunteers, as heard here.It became the national anthem of China on September 27th, 1949. China has many different types of food which are all very delicious and unique. Historical Legends Present Icons China is home to home to many of the world's religions and philosophies including Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism. Legalism
During the Qin dynasty the first emperor Shi Huangdi restricted the freedom of his people by ordering them to follow the philosophy of Qin scholars which is legalism strictly and brutally. Legalists believed good behavior should be rewarded and bad behavior should be punished. Legalists also believed that the people should work to serve their government and emperor. Taoism Most Chinese believed that life should be lived in harmony with nature and happiness came from living a balanced life. A religious philosophy known as Taoism supported this idea and was based on the writing of Laozi, a Chinese thinker who lived during 500 B.C.The Taoists loved nature, and they believed in leading simple and selfless lives. Confucianism Confucianism was based on the teachings of Confucius. Even though Confucius did not write down his own teachings his students gathered a collection of his sayings after his death. Together these writings made up a philosophy today known as Confucianism. Buddhism Buddhism was spread in China by missionaries from India who traveled the Silk Road. Buddhism is a major religion in both India and China and is based on following the Middle Way of the Buddha, to reach lasting peace. The Chinese have many different styles of clothing from men's clothes to women's clothes as well as clothes for the children. Most of the clothing made in China is made from a valuable cloth called silk orginally made in China. In the beginning of the Han dynasty, Han farmers learned how to raise caterpillars called silkworms which produced the silk. Han workers learned how to thread and dye the silk and turn it into a valuable cloth. The Silk Road or the trade route from China to the country of Turkey was named after this cloth. Traders from China traded silk, other goods, and ideas to merchants in the countries around the Mediterranean who were willing to pay or trade. Shanghai Yuyuan Garden The Summer Palace Confucius was a Chinese philosopher who lived during 500 B.C. Confucius was born to a poor but noble family in the North China Plain. He was self- taught and loved to learn.The goal of Confucius was to bring order and peace to society which would lead to prosperity throughout the society. Shi Huangdi was the founder of the Qin dynasty and the first emperor of China.To protect China's borders he ordered the Construction of the Great Wall. Shi Huangdi also organized the government and unified China and the economy throughout his rule until 210 B.C. Liu Bang and Wudi were the emperors of the Han dynasty.Liu Bang was the founder and emperor of the Han dynasty. He overthrew the Qin dynasty and set up a stable government and civil service system based on Confucianism. Wudi brought the Han dynasty to it's greatest strength using military powers and extended the empire throughout Asia. Sima Qian was a Chinese scholar, astronomer, historian, and author of the most important history of China, Historical Records. Before his time no one was sure about the past which lead into conflict.Sima Qian wrote from mythological times to the reign of Wudi which helped shape Chinese government and history. Festivals Sports and Games Laozi Confucius The Silk Road = Buddhism in China Appetizers Dinner Dessert Dumplings are a great appetizer that is usually served with a dipping sauce. Spring Rolls are another appetizer that is smooth and has a covering which is crackly and light. Spring Rolls are filled with tender vegetables and are delicious. Fried Crab Sticks are one of the most tasty foods in the history of Chinese appetizers. Fried crab sticks are not just to put in a salad. You could eat them alone and it will make an appetizing appetizer. Women's Clothing Women wore different styles of clothing in each dynasty. The cheongsam is a body-hugging one-piece Chinese dress for women. In Qin and Han Dynasty, women usually wore loose clothes with long large sleeves called a kimono. Under the long skirt was a pair of high-heeled clogs with some embroidery on them. Chinese appetizers also include different types of soups. Some soups are Egg Drop Soup, Hot n' Sour Soup, and Wonton Soup. Egg Drop soups are made up of diced chicken with an egg mixture. Wonton soup is made up of a mixture of vegetables and two or three dumplings are placed in the soup. Hot n' Sour soup has pieces of chicken and a variety of vegetables. Egg Drop Soup Wonton Soup Hot n' Sour Soup Each social class in ancient and modern day China had a different sense of fashion. Most Chinese men wore Chinese black cotton shoes, but wealthy higher class people would wear tough black leather shoes for formal occasions. Very rich and wealthy men would wear very bright, beautiful silk shoes sometimes having leather on the inside. A tangzhuang is a Chinese jacket that orginated at the end of the Qin dynasty. A changshan is a body- hugging one piece Chinese outfit for men. Men's Clothing Historic Achievements and Accomplishments Modern Achievements and Accomplishments The Arts Silk Weaving- originally made in China
Bronze Working and Architecture- enabled the making or sculpting of sculptures, temples, and palaces
Poetry and History- The arts and scholarships flourished in China as well as learning and record keeping.
Jewelry- Jade carvings and jewelry Medicine Artifact of China Acupuncture- the treating of disease using needles
Herbal Remedies- Using plants to make medicine
Circulatory System- the discovery that blood travels systematically throughout the body Technology Paper- made from wood pulp
Iron plow- used in farming to break apart soil
Rudder- a device used to steer ships
Seismograph- a device that alerted the occurrence of an earthquake
compass- tool used for navigation
Wheelbarrow- used for farming and carrying goods Chinese New Year- Chinese New Year is the longest and most celebrated holiday in the Chinese lunar calender. Legend has it that Buddha asked all the animals in the world to meet him on Chinese New Year but only 12 came. Buddha named each year after an animal and it was told that a person born in that year had some of the animals characteristics. Chinese new year is celebrated with much dancing, singing, and fireworks! Chinese months are reckoned by the lunar calendar, with each month beginning on the darkest day. New Year festivities traditionally start on the first day of the month and continue until the fifteenth, when the moon is brightest. In China, people may take weeks of holiday from work to prepare for and celebrate the New Year. Other festivals include the Dragon Festival and Lantern Festival which celebrates part of the lunar calender. Jackie Chan is a famous actor, director, and stunt master. Some movies Jackie Chan was in are New Police Story, the Medallion, and The Karate Kid. Jackie Chan is a karate master and he doesn't care if breaks a bone while performing a stunt. Jackie Chan Could you believe your eyes?! Jackie Chan is performing a stunt by hanging off the edge of a building. He is a daredevil and he doesn't care if he falls off the building. Bruce Lee Bruce Lee was a Chinese- American martial arts master and an actor. He acted in many movies such as Fist of Fury. Unfortunately on July 20, 1973 , he passed away in Hong Kong. Ping Pong- national sport of China
Aerial Sports- This will involve the use of swings, ropes and the springboard
Aquatic Sports- These encompass swimming, diving and boating events such as the famous dragon boat races.
Kung Fu- traditional Chinese sport which has developed over a long historical period. In order to survive the extremely hostile environment, Chinese ancestors learned some primary means of attack and defense such as leaping, tumbling and kicking. The national animal of China are the Panda Bears. Panda Yao Ming Yao Ming is a professional basketball player. He plays for the Houston Rockets. He was in a Chinese National basketball team before becoming a member of the Houston Rockets. Yao Ming is friendly to his fans, which makes the crowd go wild. Mao Zedong Mao Zedong was a military leader and political leader who led his nation's communist revolution. Mao Zedong also is called Mao Tse-tung. He is most known for being the Founding Father of the People's Republic of China. Are you wondering how Mao Zedong looks? He was an incredible man but he passed away on September 9, 1976. Yuan Longping Yuan Longping is a scientist that was born in China. He wanted to make a better rice breed. Around the 1970s, Yuan Longping made a hybrid rice breed that changed many people's lives. This rice fed a numerous amount of people and is still used today. Yuan is still living today at the age of eighty two. Dinner Time!!!?? Noodles or Lo Mein is a traditional dinner of the Chinese people. There are different types of Lo Mein such as, the Vegetable Lo Mein, Shrimp Lo Mein, the Beef Lo Mein, and Chicken Lo Mein. Depending on the Lo Mein you choose, the ingredients may vary. All Lo Meins you choose have noodles and vegetables. Sesame Chicken is one of the best Chinese dishes. This dinner dish is usually served with broccoli and the sesame chicken. The sesame chicken is covered with soy sauce and there is always soy sauce for you to dip your chicken in. Singapore noodles with fried rice is another delicious dinner platter. The Singapore noodles are served with noodles and vegetables. It taste even better if you eat the noodles with hot sauce. There are different types of fried rice such as beef fried rice, shrimp fried rice, and you could order plain fried rice. Singapore Noodles Fried Rice Egg Foo Young is a dish that could be served for breakfast, lunch, or dinner and it is a popular platter across the world. It is a Chinese omelet stuffed with vegetables and served with rice and some types of meat. There are different choices of Egg Foo Young such as shrimp and roast pork. Kung Pao chicken and shrimp also known as Gong Bao, is a dish named after a Chinese official, Kung Pao. Kung Pao is a spicy dish with diced up chicken and shrimp. It also has peanuts and chilli peppers. Takes approximately 12 hours to travel 11,000 miles from the JFK Airport to Beijing. After a delicious appetizer and dinner, it is time for a sweet or sour dessert. The most traditional dessert is the fortune cookie. Fortune cookies are made up of thin dough folded back. Inside the cookie you will find a fortune that is good or bad. You could dip your fortune cookie in chocolate to make it tastier. Almond cookies are delectable to eat after the main course. Almond cookies include almonds, lard, butter, and margarine. The almond is placed in the center of the cookie. China has different types of puddings. One type of pudding that the Chinese eat is the Eight Treasure Rice Pudding. The Eight Treasure Rice Pudding is chewy and creamy and is nice way to end your meal. This pudding has apricots, walnuts, sugar cubes, and many more ingredients. Another type of pudding is the Mango Pudding. The Mango Pudding is creamy and a nice way to present the flavor of mangoes. Eight Treasure Rice Pudding Mango Pudding The Chinese Steamed Sponge Cake is a tasty dessert. It is very moist and it is delicious after you steam the cake. Usually The Chinese Steamed Sponge Cake is served plain, but you could serve it with other ingredients. Music and Dance Imported Items or Items Made in China: Vehicles (some types)
Iron or steel
Some types of clothing, Not knitted
Clothing, Knitted, Wore in the Winter
Footwear, sneakers, boots
Toys, Games, Sport Equipment
Power Generation Equipment
Cellphones, Laptops, Computers Paper Making Printing Gunpowder Compass The invention of paper was important to the world. Before paper was invented people were writing on bones and shells.In 105 A.D. Cai Lun started writing on paper from cloth. He spread his ideas to neighboring countries. Later when a war was going on, a paper factory was set up. The paper that the Chinese made is much like the paper we use today. Around 600 A.D., the Chinese fixed up a type of engraved printing. Bi Sheng made a reusable clay which could be used for different types of writing. The Chinese spread this idea to other countries which made up a thing called printing. This let the people of China write down records of what was happening. In Chinese, gunpowder means flaming medicine and was discovered by accident. Gunpowder is a mixture of charcoal, sulfur, and saltpeter. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, gunpowder was being used in military events. The discovery of gunpowder developed the inventions of cannons and fire arrows. During the 12th century, gunpowder spread all over the world. The compass was discovered around the 14th century. During the Warring States period, people used a device called Si Nan to navigate. In the 11th century the Chinese made tiny needles made up steel, which led to the discovery of the compass. This let people find their ways from long distances. The compass was introduced to Europe in the late 1400s. Fireworks Fireworks were made from bamboo tubes and gunpowder. The fireworks were said to scare evil spirits away. Fireworks are still used today for weddings and other holidays. The Peacock Dance is the most common type of folk dance of Dai ethnic group. The dancer that performs this type of dance imitates a peacock's movements such as, when a peacock runs down a hill, spreads it's tail and wings, and drinking water. During the performance the dancer's every joint is bending. There are different hand movements to represent the peacock. Chinese folk dances has its own unique meaning the way the dancer performs the dance. It is connected to the real world and reflects the life struggle. China is one of the oldest civilizations in the world and it is the home of the earliest music. China also has different types of instruments that is used in the music. The Peacock Dance The Lion Dance Music Types of Music: Instruments The Lion Dance is one of the most popular dances performed. The dancer or performer mimics the movements of a lion while the performer wears a lion costume. This dance is good luck for many people. The Lion Dance could be classified into two styles: the Northern and Southern style. The Northern style is performed as entertainment in royal courts. The Southern Style is performed during rituals or ceremonies. Dance The Dragon Dance The Dragon Dance is performed during traditional programs and festivals. It also could be performed at any special event. The dragon is said to be a friendly beast and this beast brings rain. The Chinese say that the dragon avoids disasters. "Descendant of the Dragon" is a sign that the Chinese used for years. During the dance, the dancers move with force to show the strength of the dragon. The Dragon Dance is performed for different festivals and is the best when it is performed for Chinese New Year!!!! Delta Airlines One type of music is the instrumental music. This type of music is played with different types of instruments such as the woodwind, bowed strings, and the plucked strings. Some of these instruments people around the world use.
Ethnic Han Music is includes hetero phonic music, which is where musicians perform in one melodic line. This type of music has many meanings and has different feelings.
Chinese Opera has been popular for many centuries. The Beijing Opera is one of the many popular operas. People often sing it in high pitched voices.
Folk Music is played for weddings and ceremonies. This is different than other types of music. The most popular folk song is China is Mo Li Hua ("Beautiful Jasmine"). There are eight different categories that the instruments are grouped into: Silk, bamboo, wood, metal, clay, gourd, and hide. Guqin- seven stringed zither
Qinqin- plucked lute with a wooden body and fretted neck; also called meihuaqin.
Xiqin - ancient prototype of huqin family of instruments
Xiao - bamboo flute
Pipa- has four-stringed lute with thirty frets and pear-shaped body like the recorder.
Chinese Chimes -are made flat with sharp corners like two tiles pieced together Guqin Qinqin Xiqin Xiao Pipa Chinese Chimes Dragon Festival Lantern Festival Aerial Sports Aquatic Sports Kung Fu Thank You!!!