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The Evolution of Hockey Equipment

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Nick Matson

on 3 March 2017

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Transcript of The Evolution of Hockey Equipment

The Evolution of Hockey Equipment
Nick Matson
Hockey Equipment in 1875
Hockey was first played in 1875 in Montreal.
During this first ice hockey game the puck was wooden.
The players lacked any equipment besides a wooden hockey stick, ice skates, and team uniforms.
Hockey Equipment by the Early 1900s
During the early 1900s, hockey was not played as much because of the war that was going on.
In 1903, the first goalie pads were worn at a high school.
Between 1903 and 1920, there weren't much of any other advancements in hockey equipment.
The first hockey helmet was worn in 1920. The helmet was made out of leather, and similar to the football-style helmets during this time.
In 1930, the goalie trapper was invented. The goalie trapper was similar to a baseball glove and was used to catch the puck.
Improvements in Pads in the 1940s/1950s
By 1945, leather and felt shoulder and elbow pads were replaced by plastic and fiberglass pads.
These new pads resulted in multiple injuries by the late 1940s.
Due to these injuries, in 1955 it was required that shoulder and elbow pads included a soft outer covering.
In 1955, eye injuries increased because of the butt end of hockey sticks. As a result it was required to put a two inch piece of rubber on the end of the hockey stick.
Continued
In 1957, the New York Rangers were the first team to wear colored gloves.
During the late 1950s, goalies wore leather face masks to protect their faces.
In 1959, a player received a cut on his his leg from another players skate, which resulted in the invention of shin guards.
Equipment Improvements in the 1960s
In 1961, a hard plastic cover for the heel of the skate blade was invented. The purpose of this was for protection of tendons.
The new shin guard was introduced in 1961, this shin guard wrapped around the players entire leg to protect them from getting cut from skates.
Advancements in Hockey Equipment in the 1970s
Plastic helmets were introduced during this time. The helmets added ventilation, comfort, visibility, and protection.
In 1976, a new fiberglass blade was added to hockey sticks.
It became mandatory in the NHL for all players to wear helmets in 1979.
Hockey Equipment in the 1980s
In 1980, improvements were made in the pants the players wore. The new pants were lighter and comfortable. They were only around for two years because they had a tendency to rip and the material tended to make the players propel when they fell on the ice.
A new aluminum stick shaft was approved for use in 1981.
By 1988, a nice style of gloves was invented. The gloves were shorter in length, which allowed for the players to move more freely with the hockey stick.
With safety becoming more important, a plexiglass visor was added to helmets for added protection of the face.
End of the Century Improvements in Equipment
Shortly after the invention of the aluminum shaft stick was the creation of the composite shaft stick, in 1994.
There were improvements in leg pads. These new pads were made out of synthetic leathers and high density foams. The materials that made up the pads were easy to break in and could be manufactured in the colors of the goalie's team.
Equipment From the 2000s
In 2007, a new uniform was created to keep the players drier, it is also lighter, keeps the players better protected and it has increased durability.
Another major innovation to hockey equipment are the goalie helmets. Today they are made out of fiberglass and have a cage that covers their whole face.
References
http://inventors.about.com/od/istartinventions/a/Ice_Hockey.htm
http://blog.detroitathletic.com/2011/11/02/a-short-heads-up-history-of-the-hockey-helmet/
http://adventure.howstuffworks.com/outdoor-activities/snow-sports/hockey4.htm
http://stars.nhl.com/ext/pdf/NHL_UniformBooklet.pdf
http://www.sportsknowhow.com/hockey/history/hockey-firsts.html
http://www.fiftiesweb.com/pop/sports60-hockey.htm
James Park
GO KINGS GO!!!
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