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South China Sea

Organisms living in South China Sea aka East Vietnam Sea
by

Matyas Chlebovsky

on 15 December 2014

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Transcript of South China Sea

South China Sea
Matyas Chlebovsky
Description
located south of China and east of Vietnam
8 countries are bordering the South Chinese Sea
there is 280 Islands and reefs located there
over 5% of the World's entire population live near South China Sea
Biotic factors
over 2,000 species of fish
over 850 species of algae - primary producer
over 530 species of phytoplankton - primary producer
over 350 species of coral
two introduced species found in the South China Sea are the molly and pearlslot
holds 15% of World's coral reefs
Abiotic factors
levels of CO2 are high and are increasing
high concentration of mercury
Salinity ranges from 33-34 psu.
home of more than 2,500 pink dolphins, aka White Chinese dolphins
coral reefs provide habitat to more than thousand species
high pH level causes the sea to be acidic
Chinese White Dolphin
like to stay close to the shore and are friendly
live in a groups of usually 4 members
first recorded in 1600s
lives for more than 30 years
http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/156129/
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0050719
http://www.southchinasea.org/why-a-south-china-sea-website-an-introductory-essay/
http://www.wwf.org.hk/en/whatwedo/conservation/species/chiwhitedolphin/
http://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/rbz/biblio/s8/s08rbz569-667.pdf
Works Cited
Zebra Bullhead Shark
lives in shallow waters
it can be up to 4 feet long
they are clumsy and their movement is inelegant
Japanese Spurdog
lives on the bottom of the sea
once the eggs of spurdog have been fertilised inside female for 22 months
Bennett's stingray
small, maximum 130 cm length
lives in coastal regions
Giant Ocenic Manta Ray
largest ray species in the world
can reach up to 30 feet in width and weight almost 3,000 lb
Giant Moray
largest moray eel in the world
can be up to 15 feet long
feeds on sharks and can attack scuba divers
Green Sea Turtle
feed on kelp and algae
grow to 5 feet
mate every 2 years
Hawksbill Sea Turtle
lives up to 50 years
feeds on jellyfish, algae and fish
predators are humans, octopus, sharks, and crocodiles
White Spotted Puffer
Clown anemone fish
lives in shallow waters
feeds on starfish, orals, and molluscs
movie Finding Nemo caused home-aquarium demand for this fish to triple
all individuals are born male but can switch their sex, the change is irreversible
a layer of mocus makes their skin imune to fish-eating anemone's sting
Blue Surgeonfish
flip their tail back and forth to fight with enemies, that carries venom
eat zooplankton and algae
Moorish idol
are hard to keep in captivity and become aggressive when there is little water
spends early life in hatches floating on the surface and when they grow up they settle down on coral
Yellow tang
their sibling species, orange tang, is their main predator
males are polygamous and females are monogamous
Humbug Damselfish
rarely moves more than 1 meter away from their home colony
form group of 25 individuals
omnivore
Eat plankton and are cleaner fish
likes to spent time alone, doesn't form groups
Royal Gramma
Pacific Cleaner Shrimp
after reproduction, male feeds on female
in wild, pair of cleaner shrimp sets "cleaning stations", fish who need cleaning visit it
Starfish
can regenerate parts of their body that were eaten by predator
can have up to 40 arms
has an eye on each arm
has no brain nor blood
can change their gender whenever they want
Pelican
wingspan is up to 10 feet
swallow their prey
Great White Shark
hey have six senses: sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing and electro-reception
can jump out the water over 2 m into the air
can detect one drop of blood in 25 gallons or water and they can sense even a little blood up to 3 miles away
Hammerhead Shark
do not see in front of them
one of the few animals that can tan, which is caused by spending most of the time in shallow waters
Energy source = sun
Producers = phytoplankton
Primary consumers = shrimp
1st order carnivores = Crustaceans and Japanese Anchovy
Top consumers = Striped marlin and great white shark
Food Web
Thank you for your attention.
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