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Branton/ Farringer Period 6 French and Indian War
Transcript of Branton/ Farringer Period 6 French and Indian War
This affected the war because the last of the Mohicans were thought to be gone, but they weren't. Braddock was shot dead during this battle. Braddock's Defeat In the week of August 10th, 1756, Canadian militia took over Brithish forts at Fort Oswego. Oswego is located in present day New York. On the night of August 13th, Fort defenders and French colonists began gunfire and cannon shooting at each other. The fort defenders left the fort under James Mercer before the French even reached it. A man by the name of Montcalm took over the fort for the French and began constructing it.
This affected the war because it forced 1700 men, women, and children to be captured. Fort Oswego Fort William Henry was built in 1755 at the Southern end of Lake George. It was captured and destroyed by the French in the last conflict of the war. Then the French were forced out because of Native Americans who attacked and killed many of the soldiers, forcing them to retreat to Garrison. Then in 1953, it was rebuilt, now to be a museum.This was a very important part of the war.
The effect of this battle was the English lost a key advantage point over the French Fort William Henry Kittanning In the beginning of 1755, the Delawares and Shawnees had been waiting to see if the French or British would win the war. They wanted to be in the winning side. They begin raiding Pennsylvania settlements with French cooperation. The Native Americans would kill everyone in the settlement. They didn't tell the difference between people that were fighting and not fighting. The British desired to settle the land there. Each settler would defend his farm, eventually forming a militia. After the French and Delaware Indians combined, the destroyed fort Granville. They took prisoners back to their fortified village in Kittanning. John Armstrong led 300 militia men to take the village. They launched a surprise attack, and successfully took the village back.
The effect of the Kittanning battle was that Captain Jacobs was killed, and forced Pennsylvanians to retreat. They only recovered eleven of the one hundred captives of the village. In 1753, the French established a colony on Breton Island in northern Nova Scotia. It was named after King Louis XIV. Louisbourg was a concern to the New England shipping and fishing because it was a French base for privateers. The French garrison was managed by only 3000 men. A well founded 12000 British army was sent take the fort. The British attacked the fort in the thick fog to lighthouse point. This forced the French to move their ships out of range and closer to shore. Then a British onshore base took down three of the French ships with artillery. The seige had taken a heavy toll on the civilians and soldiers inside the base. The commander surrendered on July 27th.
This effected the war by giving the British control of the Saint Lawrence River, and opening a door for the Quebec campaign. Louisbourg Grant's Defeat On September 14th, 1758, a British officer and 850 soldiers tried to take over Fort Duquesne. It was a horrible failure. Major James Grant was captured and more than 300 men were killed, wounded, or captured during the fight. Major Grant underestimated the fort when he had such a little force which caused him to lose this battle. This would not be his only lose. He made several other mistakes in the French and Indian War.
The effect this battle had was that the French and Indians still had Fort Duquesne, showing that the British couldn't overpower them in that condition. Fort Ligonier On October 12, 1758 1,200 French soldiers and a few hundred indian attacked Fort Lingereer from the Southwest. They begun firing at eleven am and did not end till three pm. Even though they put they efforts to get the fort they lost and retreated back to Fort Duquesne with heavy loses. The French after the ligonier incident realized they had been beat and retreated back to the north. Fort Ligonier still function for a few more years before it fell.
The effect that this battle was that the British were able to keep Fort Lingonier. Fort Lingonier was a key point to have during the war which gave the British the edge. In 1758, a British Commander John Forbes gathered a force of 6,000 men including Washington's 2,000 men. Since Fort Duquesne was weakly defended and the British need a win they decided to attack the Fort Duquesne. On November 24, the French commander at the fort realized that if he was to resist he would face a disaster. So at the night he withdrew from the fort. He went down the Ohio river for safety.
The effect of this was that after the battle the British named it Fort Pitt. Then the British gained a clear passage to Canada. Fort Duquesne In 1758 the British begun a plan to attack Quebec. After assembling a force at Louisbourg they arrived at Quebec early in June 1759. This caught the French commander by surprise. Early in the battle General Wolfe of the British was hit in the wrist and later was hit in the stomach then the chest, Wolfe died on the battle field. The French army was out manned in the battle and retreated in the woods. Montcalm of the French army was hit in the abdomen and thigh and died in the city the next day.
The effect of this war was that the British lost one of their best leaders and 58 troops killed and many wounded. Then the British won the battle and quickly laid siege to the city. Quebec After the fall of Quebec Montreal was the last power in Canada for the French. Wolfe had planed to take over Montreal to finish the French off in the war. Three strikes were spouse to happen on Montreal to force a defeat. Then the French commander at the Fort surrendered. He knew he wouldn't be able to win.
The effect of this war was that it ended the last major campaign of the French in the French and Indian war. Montreal