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Ho Chi Minh vs Mohandas Gandhi
Transcript of Ho Chi Minh vs Mohandas Gandhi
More than fifty years after his death, Gandhi is still remembered for his legendary satragraha campaigns and his philosophy of nonviolent resistance.
Gandhi’s philosophy has inspired many of the most famous resistance movements of the twentieth century — the U.S. civil rights movement led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Aung San Suu Kyi’s pro-democracy movement against the military junta of Myanmar, and the movement to end the apartheid in South Africa led by Nelson Mandela. Achievements Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) 1869 On October 2, 1869
principality of Porbandar, Gujarat Province
third son to a wealthy Hindu family.
His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was a high-ranking official of the regional government.
1948 On January 30, Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu nationalist. Shot three times in the chest, Gandhi died at the age of 78.
1933 spent his time visiting villages throughout India, speaking against the mistreatment of untouchables, women, and children, and campaigning for better education in rural areas.
1940 Great Britain had involved India in WWII without its consent and British authorities began to strictly censor criticism of the war. Gandhi launched another satyagraha campaign, resulting in the arrest of thousands of protesters.
1942 The Indian National Congress passed the “Quit India” resolution demanding that the British recognize Indian independence. Gandhi launched his last nationwide satyagraha campaign and was arrested and imprisoned.
1945 the Labor party came into power in Britain and worked with Indian leaders to establish India as an independent state. Ho Chi Minh vs Mohandas Gandhi Mohandas Gandhi Ho Chi Minh Accomplishments 1907 After receiving a primary education at a local school, Franco-Vietnamese academy.
1911-1913 Ho traveled to Europe, Asia, North America, and, according to some accounts, Africa and South America as well. Settled in London.
1919 founded the Association for Annamite Patriots- organization composed of Vietnamese nationals living in France who opposed the French colonial occupation of Vietnam.
1920 Ho became a founding member of the newly created French Communist Party.
1923 Traveled to Russia & trained as an agent of the Comintern. (Comintern agents were deployed throughout the world, promoting revolution, socialism, and organizing communist branch organizations) The Legacy of Ho Chi Minh 1960 Minh remained president of North Vietnam, but he withdrew from decision making due to failing health.
1969 Ho Chi Minh died on September 2 at the age of seventy-nine.
1975- Saigon, the former capital of South Vietnam, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City in his memory after its capture by the North Vietnamese
Ho Chi Minh is remembered primarily for his lifelong battle against great odds to build an independent and unified Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969) On May 19, 1890 Ho Chi Minh was born
Second son of the family
Family of farmers in Kim Lien (a small village in Central Vietnam)
He was born Nguyen Sinh Cung
Adopted the name Ho Chi Minh (“He who enlightens”) Vietnam was under French control. (Vietnam+ Cambodia + Laos = Indochina)
three separate states — Cochin China (South Vietnam), Annam (Central Vietnam), and Tonkin (North Vietnam).
French Indochina had little influence in the administration of their government and few rights
Vietnam was the jewel of the French colonial crown (natural resources and abundant cheap labor) Background (1890)
1925 Ho traveled to China where he formed the Thanh Nien (“Youth”), an organization composed of Vietnamese exiles living in China and dedicated to revolution in Vietnam
1930 In Hong Kong, Ho founded the Vietnamese Communist Party (VCP), later renamed the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP).
1941 Founded the Viet Minh, an organization composed of Vietnamese nationalist and communist groups committed to Vietnamese independence that fought against both French colonial authorities and the Japanese forces occupying Vietnam 1945 Vietnam became known as the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, and Ho Chi Minh became its first president and prime minister.
1946 tensions rose between French colonists and Vietnamese nationalists, leading to war between the French and Vietnamese.
1954 Vietnamese forces defeated the French at at Dien Bien Phu
1954 It was decided that Vietnam remain divided into a Northern region under Viet Minh control, and the Southern region under French control, at Geneva Conference. With U.S. support, Ngo Dinh Diem was appointed Prime Minister of South Vietnam. 1955 The U.S. began giving military aid to the Diem regime
Viet Cong began to wage guerrilla war in Southern Vietnam against the Diem regime.
1960 Communist insurgents in South Vietnam formed the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam, also known as the National Liberation Front (NLF) was supported by North Vietnam North Vietnam agreed to supply the NLF with military aid and support. "An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind." "You can kill ten of our men for every one we kill of yours. But even at those odds, you will lose and we will win." 1893 Gandhi traveled to South Africa where he experienced the inequality, rascism, prejudice, and discrimination of South Africa’s colonial society, spurring his commitment to anti-colonial politics.
1894 Gandhi created the Natal Indian Congress, an organization committed to giving Indians a collective voice in South African politics.
1906 Gandhi organized his first satyagraha campaign of peaceful non-cooperation to protest the Transvaal Asiatic Amendments Act
1915 Gandhi and his followers found Satyagraha ashram, the religiously-oriented communal farm where Gandhi campaigned rights for untouchables.
1919: ·Nationalists hold a hartal, or day of fasting and prayer, in protest of the Rowlatt Act, legislation aimed at suppressing Indian nationalism and activism through the suspension of Indian civil liberties
1920 Gandhi organized a massive boycott of British goods and taxes to protest Western materialism and the British economic exploitation of India. Gandhi promoted locally produced goods over those imported from Britain. 1922 British authorities arrested and tried Gandhi for seditious acts. In “The Great Trial,” He was sentenced to six years in jail, but was released after two years.
1930 In protest of the Salt Act (1882), Gandhi led a 200-mile march. When he arrived at Dandi, Gandhi knelt down and symbolically picked up a piece of natural salt from the shore, violating British law. His march received support across India, inspiring thousands of Indians to follow his example of non-violent civil disobedience.
British authorities arrested more than one hundred thousand protesters, including Gandhi himself, but were forced to release Gandhi and other Indian leaders to negotiate an end to the protests.
1932 Gandhi began his “fast until death” to protest the British proposal to create a separate electorate for the untouchable caste in prison. His fast inspired many to become sympathetic to the cause of the untouchables. , released him from custody. 1946 Muslims and Hindus feared they would not receive adequate representation in the new Indian government. Violent conflict erupted across India between Muslims and Hindus, which began about the division of India into two states
1947 India declared its independence. The country was partitioned into two separate states: India, with a largely Hindu population, and Pakistan, with a largely Muslim population. Jawaharlal Nehru became the first president of India. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the Muslim leader who had petitioned for the formation of Pakistan, became governor-general of Pakistan. Partition launched one of the largest human migrations in history, with over ten million people forced to relocate. Minh was a revolutionary and a strategist while Ganhdi was a peacer-maker and a non-violent protestor, yet in spite of their tremendous differences, both Minh and Gandhi fought for the side of the oppressed and were both patriots working against imperialistic forces. Viet Mihn Boycotting British Salt March THE END