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Mark Twain Biography
Transcript of Mark Twain Biography
Mark Twain: an American Hero
Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born on November 30th, 1835
Mark Twain's Collection of Works
"The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" 1865 [New York Staurday Press]
Young Adulthood to Adulthood
Careers Historical Events
[Larger picture of drawing]
Lived from 1835-1910
Twain's books are still read today
(over 100 years ofter his death)
Twain's stories have been translated into many
languages are still read around the world in
homes and literature classes today
His real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens
Born in Florida, Missouri
After the age of four, moved to Hannibal (a small town on
the West bank of the Mississippi)
Skipped school and quit school at the age of 12
From ages 8-12, he would spend his Summers at Uncle Dan'l's farm
Uncle Dan'l was a slave owned by his real uncle, John.
He told young Clemens many stories that sparked his imagination
When Samuel was only 12, his father, John Marshall Clemens, died.
[Mark Twain, or Sam Clemens, as a young boy]
[Young Mark Twain] [Middle-aged] [Older]
Family and Children
Harmon, Justin, et. al. "Mark Twain."American History. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 22 Jan., 2013.
Sonneborn, Liz. "Growing up." Chelsea House Biographies Online. Chelsea House. Web. 3 Feb., 2013. <http://bio.infobaselearning.com/recordurl.aspx?wid=98903&hid=853567
Floyd, Rebecca. "Twain's Children". Marktwainhouse.org. The Mark Twain House & Museum. Web. 18 Feb., 2013.
"The U.S. Civil War 1861-1865" historyplace.com. The History Place. Web. 24/1/13.
At age 12, apprenticed a local printer, worked there for six years, and then started selling comics to multiple newspapers at age 18.
At age 21, set out to be a river boat pilot only to be let down because the Civil War shut down the Mississippi River.
Then spent a brief 3 weeks as a Confederate Soldier.
Moved West with his brother, Orion and worked for him for a brief time and tried mining for gold.
He got his first reporting job at "The Territorial Enterprise" in Virginia City,
First used pseudonym "Mark Twain" at age 27 on a story in "The Territorial Enterprise"
Lived through entire civil war (1861-1865)
Battle of Gettysburg
President Lincoln's assassination
13th amendment was passed and slavery ended
[Samuel Clemens and Olivia Lagndon Clemens]
-Died of diphtheria at only 19 months old
-Married on Feb. 2, 1870
-Died of spinal meningitis at the age of 24
[Clara Clemens & Ossip Gabrilowitsch]
Clara and Ossip while the were married
Ossip was a famous Russian composer,
pianist, and conducter
-Never married or had kids
-They were married in 1909
-Died of a heart attack caused by a seizure at the age of 29
"The Innocents Abroad" 1869 [fame and fortune]
"Roughing It" 1872
"The Gilded Age" 1873
"A Tramp Abroad" 1880
"The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" 1876
"Life on the Mississippi" 1883
"The Prince and the Pauper" 1882
"The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" 1884 [career was at its peak]
Invested in an invention that failed and had to write frantically to keep form bankruptcy
"A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court" 1889
"Tom Sawyer Abroad" 1894
"The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson" 1894
Went bankrupt and had to transfer all his copyrights to his wife. He started lecturing to pay off his debts and then spiraled into depression after his wife and daughter, Susy, died.
Autobiography in 1924 for his secretary, Albert Bigelow Paine